What are the activities of modern traders

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How to Be a Modern Parent

By Perri Klass, M.D. and Lisa Damour

Illustrations by Julia Rothman

We all want to be the best parents we can be for our children, but there is often conflicting advice on how to raise a kid who is confident, kind and successful. Throughout the circus act of parenting, it’s important to focus on balancing priorities, juggling responsibilities and quickly flipping between the needs of your children, other family members and yourself. Modern parents have the entire internet at their disposal and don’t follow any single authority. It’s hard to know whom or what to trust. Here, we’ll talk about how to help your child grow up to be a person you really like without losing yourself in the process.

Your Parenting Style

Good news: There is no one right way to raise a child.

Research tells us that to raise a self-reliant child with high self-esteem, it is than authoritarian. You want your child to listen, respect and trust you rather than fear you. You want to be supportive, but not a hovering, helicopter parent.

All of these things are easy to set as goals, but . How do you find the right balance?

As your child develops, the challenges will change, and your thinking may evolve, but your approach should be consistent, firm and loving. Help your child learn through experience that making an effort builds confidence and helps you learn to tackle challenges. Calibrate your expectations about what your child is capable of doing independently, whether you have an infant learning to sleep through the night, a toddler helping to put toys away, or an older child resolving conflicts.

Remember, there is no one right way to raise a child. Do your best, trust yourself and enjoy the company of the small person in your life.

More on Parenting Styles

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January 30, 2020

Raising Successful Children

Don’t Make Your Children the Exception to Every Rule

Conquering the Basics

Your healthy attitude toward sleep, food and discipline will affect your children in the most important ways.

How to Put a Baby to Sleep

Right from the beginning, in their sleep patterns. And parents, too, vary in terms of how they cope with interrupted nights.

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There are two general schools of thought around babies and sleep after those early months when they need nighttime feedings — soothe the baby to sleep or don’t — and many parents find themselves wavering back and forth. Those who believe in sleep training, including many sleep experts, would argue that in helping babies learn to fall asleep by themselves and soothe themselves back to sleep when they wake during the night, parents are helping them master vital skills for comfort and independence.

Two techniques for this are:

  • Graduated extinction, in which babies are allowed to cry for short, prescribed intervals over the course of several nights.
  • , in which parents delay bedtime in 15-minute increments so the child becomes more and more tired.

And many parents report that these strategies improve their children’s sleep patterns, as well as their own. But there are also parents who find the idea of letting a baby cry at night unduly harsh.

Whatever you try, remember, some babies, no matter what you do, are not reliably good sleepers. Parents need to be aware of what sleep deprivation may be doing to them, to their level of functioning, and to their relationships, and take their own sleep needs seriously as well. So, ask for help when you need it, from your pediatrician or a trusted friend or family member.


For older children, the rules around sleep are clearer: Turn off devices, read aloud at bedtime, and build rituals that help small children wind down and fall asleep. will be even more important as children grow older and are expected to be awake and alert during school hours; getting enough sleep on a regular basis and coming to school well-rested will help grade-school children’s academic performance and their social behavior as well. Keeping (and turned off during the hours before bed) becomes more and more important as children grow — and it’s not a bad habit for adults, either.

As your child hits adolescence, her body clock will shift so that she is “programmed” to stay up later and sleep later, often just as schools are demanding early starts. Again, good family “sleep hygiene,” especially around screens at bedtime, in the bedroom, and even in the bed, can help teenagers disconnect and get the sleep they need. By taking sleep seriously, as a vital component of health and happiness, parents are sending an important message to children at every age.

More About Sleep and Your Child

Parents Shouldn’t Feel Guilty About Training Babies to Sleep

The Science of Adolescent Sleep

Which Came First? The Behavior Problems, or the Poor Sleep?

October 17, 2020

Helping Our School-Age Children Sleep Better

How to Feed Your Child

There’s nothing more basic to parenting than the act of feeding your child. But even while , there are decisions to be made. (Yes, breast-feeding mothers should if they like it. No, they by nursing.) Pediatricians currently recommend exclusive breast-feeding for the first six months, and then continuing to breast-feed as you introduce a range of solid foods. and consideration in society in general and in the workplace in particular, and they don’t always get it. And conversely, mothers are sometimes made to feel inadequate if breast-feeding is difficult, or if they can’t live up to those recommendations.

You have to do what works for you and your family, and if exclusive breast-feeding doesn’t, any amount that you can do is good for your baby. As children grow, the choices and decisions multiply; that first year of eating solid foods, from 6 to 18 months, can actually be a great time to give children a range of foods to taste and try, and by offering repeated tastes, you may find that children .

Small children vary tremendously in how they eat; some are voracious and omnivorous, and others are highly picky and can be very difficult to feed. Let her feed herself as soon as and as much as possible; by she’ll learn about texture, taste and independence. Build in the social aspects of eating from the beginning, so that children grow up thinking of food in the context of family time, and watching other family members eat a variety of healthy foods, while talking and spending time together. (Children should not be eating while looking at screens.) Parents worry about picky eaters, and of course about children who eat too much and gain weight too fast; you want to help your child eat a variety of real foods, rather than processed snacks, to eat at mealtimes and snacktimes, rather than constant “grazing,” or “sipping,” and to eat to satisfy hunger, rather than experiencing food as either a reward or a punishment.

Don’t cook special meals for a picky child, but don’t make a regular battlefield out of mealtime.

Some tips to try:

  • Talk with small children about “eating the rainbow,” and getting lots of different colors onto their plates (orange squash, red peppers, yellow corn, green anything, and so on).
  • Take them to the grocery store or the farmer’s market and let them pick out something new they’d like to try.
  • Let them help prepare food.
  • Be open to deploying the foods they enjoy in new ways (peanut butter on almost anything, tomato sauce on spinach).
  • Some children will eat almost anything if it’s in a dumpling, or on top of pasta.
  • Offer tastes of what everyone else is eating.
  • Find some reliable fallback alternatives when your child won’t eat anything that’s offered. (Many restaurants will prepare something simple off the menu for a child, such as plain pasta or rice.)

Above all, encourage your child to keep tasting; don’t rule anything out after just a couple of tries. And if you do have a child who loves one particular green vegetable, it’s fine to have that one turn up over and over again.

Bottom line: As long as a child is growing, don’t agonize too much.

Family meals matter to older children as well, even as they experience the biological shifts of adolescent growth. Keep that social context for food as much as you can, even through the scheduling complexities of middle school and high school. Keep the family table a no-screen zone, and keep on talking and eating together.

Requirements for a modern specialist in advertising and public.

Requirements for a modern specialist in advertising and public relations

The content of professional activities of a PR specialist

The content of professional activities of PR-specialists is one of the topical problems of theory and practice of public relations. The very multidimensionality of the concept of public relations (PR), which has absorbed a multitude of functions and generated a lot of definitions, the blurriness of the professional field of activity, the lack of unified approaches and clear criteria among both theorists and practitioners, generates many difficulties, young professionals trying to find their way into the profession. Without a clear understanding of the content of this activity, it is difficult to determine the main directions in the professional training of specialists.

The content of the professional activities of specialists in public relations is determined by the functions that they perform. In the specialized literature there has been a long discussion about the definition of the content and functions of PR. At the heart of the discussion is the question of what is the main function of PR activities: informing, persuading or dialogue with the public, aimed at harmonizing interests. Let’s consider the most significant, in our opinion, point of view on the given problem.

Sam Black in his book “Introduction to Public Relations” has identified ten main areas of PR:

1. Public opinion.

2. Public relations.

3. Government relations.

5. Industrial Communications.

6. Financial relations.

7. International relations.

8. Relations with consumers.

9. Research and statistics.

The tasks of PR-specialists (according to Sam Black):

• counseling based on the understanding of human behavior;

• Analysis of possible trends and prediction of their consequences;

• the study of public opinion, expectations and views of society and the development of recommendations for implementing the necessary measures;

• establishing and maintaining mutual communication based on the reliability and completeness of information;

• preventing conflict and misunderstandings;

• Promoting mutual respect and social responsibility;

• Harmonization of personal and public interests;

• Improvement of friendly relations with personnel, suppliers and customers;

• Improvement of industrial relations;

• attracting qualified personnel and reducing staff turnover;

• expansion of the market of goods and services;

• formation of corporate identity.

Thus, we can identify the dominant

types of activities and range of tasks for specialists in advertising and public relations.

Dominant activities and the range of tasks

The duties of an advertising and public relations specialist currently include the following:

• creating and maintaining a favorable image of the company;

• the establishment of information flows;

• Working with the press, providing specially prepared information to the media on behalf of the company, creating news events, sending newsletters with posting on major news portals;

• Development, planning, budgeting and implementation of communication strategies, projects, concepts, programs;

• creation of text content of corporate information materials;

• writing articles, slogans, speeches, booklets, press releases, interviews, materials on services and projects;

• editing site content;

• planning, organizing and holding press conferences, exhibitions, interviews, seminars, presentations, promotions and special events;

• work with advertising and PR agencies for organizing advertising campaigns;

• work with printing houses, advertising agencies: coordination of activities in the development and manufacture of printed products;

• Development of the creative concept of promotional materials (models, rollers, booklets, souvenir products), ensuring their production;

• company representation at conferences, exhibitions;

• publication of a corporate magazine.

Characteristics of the functions of an advertising and public relations specialist

The specific functions of a specialist in advertising and PR depend on the profile and scale of the organization’s activities, on how much the modern communication technologies influence the effectiveness of the organization’s activity and how widely they are used in the daily activities of the organization.

In broad terms, the PR specialist and advertising specialists should have the following main tasks representing the whole range of functions of PR activities, including the use of advertising communications as a PR tool:

• to form and maintain an appropriate image of the organization and activities of the staff;

• Identify the opinion of personnel through sociological research and bring this information to the management of the organization;

• Advise management on communication problems, their solutions;

• Improve the corporate culture of the company;

• organize and coordinate special events;

• create corporate publications, attracting specialists in this field;

• use modern advertising technologies to solve communication problems;

• plan advertising activities and evaluate its communication/economic efficiency.

It is clear that these tasks, due to their breadth and diversity, rather describe the work of the PR department than one PR specialist. But in organizations where there is no PR-department as a structural unit, these tasks often have to be solved by one PR-specialist working in marketing, advertising and other related departments.

To effectively interact with other members of the organization, the PR manager/PR-specialist should be positioned in the structure of the organization in such a way that he is accountable to senior management and work with all departments.

In the narrow sense the functions of a specialist in the field of PR and advertising communications can be considered depending on the direction of his work.

1. Work with clients.

• Positioning the organization.

• Analysis of client settings.

• Special events to attract new customers.

• Work with complaints and claims.

2. Working with partners.

• Establishing a long-term relationship.

• Development of special communication programs.

• Broadcast the company’s image through partners.

3. Work with the media.

• Creation of advertising materials for the media, their placement and evaluation of effectiveness.

• Building and maintaining communications with target media (press conferences, presentations).

• Compiling media cards.

• Operational contact with the media in a crisis situation.

4. Work with the company’s management.

• Definition company mission (policy, formal strategic goal).

• Formation of corporate culture, corporate identity, company image.

• Supervising management contacts and preparing speeches at presentations, special events, interviews with the media.

• Organization of special events (press conferences, presentations, holidays, exhibitions, meetings, etc.).

• Forecasting crises and planning Crisis Management.

• Developing a policy of the firm’s relations with competitors and opposition (hostile public groups/individuals).

5. Intra-corporate PR.

• Development of corporate standards.

• Conducting corporate events.

• Participation in specialized exhibitions, competitions, conferences.

• Collection, storage, updating and systematization of information about the company (archive/history of the company).

• The introduction/prevention of rumors.

• Maintaining positive/correcting negative stereotypes.

• Reconciliation of any documentation that is targeted to the mass consumer.

6. Work with investors.

• Drawing up a calendar of financial communications.

• Communication with shareholders.

• Drawing up an annual report.

• Financial relations with the media.

7. Implementation of Internet communications.

• Promotion of the company, its products and services through the company’s website, corporate blog.

• Organization of promotion in social networks.

• Monitoring of the appearance of positive/negative information about the company on the Internet, correction of negative information.

• Develop and conduct online events.

• Placement of promotional materials and evaluation of their communicative/economic effectiveness.

Freedom or dependence – on the balance of thinking of modern traders

The trading thinking of a modern trader should be distinguished by clear independence. An independent trader easily accepts responsibility, which means he is free from conventions and psychological problems.

If you decide to become a trader and embark on the path to mastering this profession, it does not matter which direction in trading you prefer – intraday trading in the Forex market or trading in stocks on the stock market, in any case you have to face the choice:

To be free – those who can learn from others, learn from others, master other people’s trading strategies, but, ultimately, based on the knowledge gained, create and invent their own trading methods, take personal responsibility for their own successes and failures.

Depend on others – to be the one who does not try to learn how to work on the exchange independently, but relies only on suppliers of trading signals or the advice of various specialists. He blindly copies foreign methods and systems in his work in the hope of someday finding the very coveted secret way to become a winner, which can take too long to find.

Why are we ready to give money just like that?

Where the dependent trader blindly trusts other people’s advice and recommendations, the independent trader will test any hypothesis and try to understand as much as possible how this method works and why.

In my opinion, making a choice in favor of taking personal responsibility is about more than just trading. This is a much more significant problem than simply choosing the style and method of trading. Taking personal responsibility means that we decide to act at our discretion, make decisions independently and take full responsibility for where these decisions ultimately lead us.

Think carefully and honestly, are you ready to give your own funds to a complete stranger in trust management? So, just take and transfer to him a significant amount in the hope that he will earn money for you and gladly return the investment with decent interest? Probably not. Perhaps the read even caused you a slight sarcastic smile.

Then let’s look at this situation from a different angle. Is the use of other people’s trading signals and recommendations, in essence, not the same thing? After all, you are making a trading operation (opening a transaction) in the hope that a certain person unknown to you earlier in your interests recommended you to perform certain actions, the purpose of which is to make a profit. In fact, you gave him control of your trading capital. Is the risk too high?

Therefore, in this article, I appeal to those people who want to trade, but are not sure whether they should completely abandon their own training in this craft, choosing to subscribe to other people’s trading recommendations and signals or buy a trading robot.

You have a choice: to study, get an education in order to independently control what is happening with your trade, and bear personal responsibility for it, or rely on someone else and thus lose this control to a large extent. Of course, you can always refuse the services of a trading signal provider, only often it happens too late when the deposit is almost lost, and there is no one to take responsibility, because you used the signals voluntarily. Is not it?

And what is closer to you personally – what style of thinking? After you read about each trading style to think, ask yourself what you are more inclined to.

Dependent trader

Dependent trader looking for easy ways. He wants to get rich, but does not want to make significant efforts for this. This is a world of dreamers.

People who want a lot from life, but instead of trying to create something on their own, they buy lottery tickets, gamble or invest in dubious projects, which, according to the assurances of various “financial consultants”, will certainly bring fantastic profits. In exchange for a large piece of the pie (which is unlikely to happen), such a person, without hesitation, is ready to risk the money that he could invest in his own education and get at least the basics of financial literacy.

Dependent trader is inclined to follow the market crowd (which is often irrational and prone to emotional decisions), be guided in making decisions by “hot signals”, look for automated trading programs, listen to all the news and all experts, often place deals “blindly” without a trading plan, thoughtlessly and without understanding what he does and why.

As a result, such actions inevitably lead to losses, and the losses cause disappointment, nervous breakdowns, embitterment at everyone except themselves. The trader begins to blame other people for all the troubles and misfortunes: a broker, a provider of trading signals, an exchange analyst or a mythical “puppeteer” who manipulates the market and takes money from honest traders.

Such an inability to take responsibility for one’s decisions, a tendency to blame others, means that the behavioral pattern will continue to repeat itself, any success is likely to be short-lived, if ever. Until this model of behavior is consciously changed, it will continue to be implemented.

Free Trader Thinking

At the other end of the spectrum is the free mind of the trader. Such a speculator wants to control his financial future and to know (or find out) how markets work, what approaches to trade exist, and how to assert their rights to trade without relying on the advice of others.

An independent trader understands that only he can maximize his chances of success, and only he, with his own strength, can achieve financial and life goals. He will look for opportunities to learn the wisdom of trading from other successful traders, self-educate and learn from his (and others) failures, and gain experience.

Do you catch the difference in thinking and approach to trading? It will take time to trade profitably, but an independent trader is ready to learn, learn and process other people’s experience, so, in the end, he will be able to control his own decisions. He does not rely on anyone else to make trading decisions.

Where the dependent trader blindly trusts other people’s advice and recommendations, the independent trader will test any hypothesis and try to understand as much as possible how this method works and why.

At the beginning of his trading path, such a person can use the services of a mentor or rely on another reliable source of education, but, as his knowledge and experience grows, he will begin to apply independently what he learned and what he learned from others. A dependent trader will never do this.

4 steps to trader independence

What should we do to gain the qualities of a free trader?

1. Search for information. Read all that is available, research and test any ideas that you think deserve it. Ask questions, but understand that it is impossible to get all the necessary information from one article, one book or one forex forum. It is necessary to put together pieces of information, a kind of “information puzzle.” If you can use the help of other people, this will significantly speed up the process.

2. Understand clearly what you want from the market., and his professional orientation as a trader. Who are you in the market: day trader, swing trader or long-term investor? What is best suited to your mentality and psychologically suitable for you? How much free cash do you have? After receiving answers to these questions, you can begin to work on creating a basic trading plan.

3. Start implementing your trading plan in the market. Ideally, you need to start on a demo account. This will allow you to understand how well the selected trading strategy works in real time, and how much you yourself are able to adhere to accepted trading methods and rules.

When to switch to trading for real money – it’s up to you. There are no and cannot be universal solutions. Someone goes after a couple of months of consistently profitable demo accounts, and someone needs at least six months, and sometimes more. This is completely normal, all people are different, with different perceptions of reality.

Such a transition, as a rule, is not easy. After all, only when faced with the loss of real money and get real profit, you will understand what real psychological stress is. Therefore, the first real account should be small, so that in case of loss it would not cause serious injury – neither material nor moral. Only after gaining confidence and psychological stability can we think about increasing the trade deposit.

Forex trading is a pleasure. Is a successful trader happy?

How to sit down at the terminal with pleasure and receive satisfaction from each trade.

4. There is no limit to perfection. You need to constantly continue to improve your trade, learn, learn new things and put your knowledge into practice. You have a lot to understand and realize. Becoming a trader is a long way to go. It takes time, money, emotional and psychological costs. Consider them tuition fees.

Trading is the same business as any other, and it is not possible without losses and mistakes, but if it is YOUR business, then the result will come to you. You can choose to be a free trader or remain dependent on the success of others.

You will also be interested

Alexey Khmelev

A professional life coach specializing in the field of human personality development. Since 2020, successfully working with traders, helping them identify, understand and overcome their own psychological problems, make trading stable and profitable.

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