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Lesson 7: Task: Write a film review

This is the lesson where you put everything together. We want you to write a review of a film.

Writing a Film Review

This is the lesson where you put everything together. We want you to write a review of a film. You will see two examples of film reviews which you can use to help you write your own review. When you’ve finished your review, post it in the comments section and read other participants reviews and tell them what you think. In lesson one we looked at film vocabulary, in lesson three we gave you some advice about using film to improve your English and gave two short reviews of films about football, in lesson four we focussed on the passive which is a common form to use when writing about films, and in lesson six we showed you some websites where you can read lots of film reviews. While you are writing your review, you can go back to these lessons for some help.

What should I include in my film review?

It’s up to you! Here is a list of some common things that you see in film reviews. Have a look at the Bend It Like Beckham film review and match the five colours to the things in this list. Is there anything extra included in the review? Is there anything missing?

  • The film’s title.
  • An eye-catching heading.
  • The genre (type of film).
  • The audience. Who is the film for?
  • The director, main actors, when it was made, has it won any awards?
  • The plot. A brief summary that doesn’t mention the ending!
  • Your opinion.
  • Your evaluation.

Film Review 1

Bend it Like Beckham – Brilliant and Funny!

How can I describe Bend It Like Beckham? If I had to choose a genre, I would say it’s a romantic comedy-drama sports film!

The film was made in 2002 and directed by Gurinder Chandha who is well-known for films which explore the lives of Indians living in the UK.

The film is set in London and stars Jess (Parminder Naghra) , who is an 18-year-old girl with Indian parents. One of the main storylines is the tension between Jess, who loves football, and her parents, who don’t allow her to play. Jess’s friend and teammate, Jules, who is played by Keira Knightly (Pirates of the Caribbean) encourages Jess to play despite her parent’s wishes.

The film deals with serious social problems such as sexism and racism, but the film is very funny at the same time! The acting is very good and of course, there is a happy ending! Oh, and David Beckham is in the movie, but you must wait until the end for that!
I would give Bend It Like Beckham four and a half stars out of five and definitely recommend you watch it!

Now, look at the second film review. Is it a good review? What does it include? Is there anything missing?

Film Review 2

Fever Pitch – Funny, dramatic and a perfect finish!

I love football and I love films, so Fever Pitch was the perfect movie for me. It tells the story of a school teacher who is mad about his football club – Arsenal! The film was made in 1997 and is based on a best-selling book of the same name. The film has also been remade for American audiences based on baseball.

The main role is played by Colin Firth (Paul) one of the UK’s most famous actors. Paul falls in love with a new teacher (Sally) at his school during the 1989/90 football season, one of the most important seasons in Arsenal’s history. The plot follows the ups and downs of Paul’s romance with Sally and the fortunes of Paul’s football team. But who does he love more? Sally or Arsenal? You’ll have to watch the film to find out!

There are strong performances by Colin Firth and Ruth Gemmell (Sally) in this romantic comedy-drama. If you are a football fan you will love this film, but it definitely has a wider appeal, too! I will give it five-stars and not just because I’m an Arsenal fan!

Write a film review

Write a film review in the comments section below.

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Write about a film you enjoyed or a film that you didn’t like. It could be a recent film or a film that you watched a long time ago.

The film doesn’t have to be about football.

Reply to other learners and tell them if you have seen the film. Did you like it? Do you agree with their opinions?

When you have finished, mark the page complete on the side of this page and go to the end of week quiz!

Leave a comment

Comments

I learnt about the genre of film.
props that characters use to make the movie realistic.

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I learnt about the genre of film.
props that characters use to make the movie realistic.

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Five feet apart
Romance
This film is a 2020,directed be Justin Baldony.The stars are Cole Sprouse,Geyly Lu Richardson,Emily Baldony.
The movie tells about girl Stella,who was sick on cystic fibrosis.She met a guy Will.He was also ill.But they weren’t allowed to approach each other’s,because they could infecting deadly viruses. But they didn’t heed all the bons.
This film is very interesting and exciting.
I highly recommend watching this movie to everyone.This story won’t leave anyone indifferent.

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Five feet apart
Romance
This film is a 2020,directed be Justin Baldony.The stars are Cole Sprouse,Geyly Lu Richardson,Emily Baldony.
The movie tells about girl Stella,who was sick on cystic fibrosis.She met a guy Will.He was also ill.But they weren’t allowed to approach each other’s,because they could infecting deadly viruses. But they didn’t heed all the bons.
This film is very interesting and exciting.
I highly recommend watching this movie to everyone.This story won’t leave anyone indifferent.

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The Theory of Everything
Drama/melodrama/biography, 2020
This film directed by James Marsh. The stars are Eddie Redmayne, Felicity Jones. This movie is based on a book. This is the story of the life of the famous physicist Stephen Hoging. Stephen goes to university, where he meets Jane. She became his wife in the future.
Then, he learns of his incurable illness. His friends and wife support him. Man tries to fight. They are born children and all are happy in the family. But his health is deteriorating. Stephen makes great discoveries in physics. He becomes known worldwide.
This film is very moving and romantic. The most touches is the love of Steven and Jane. I recomend this film everyone because it’s very interesting and good. It has strong points.

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The Theory of Everything
Drama/melodrama/biography, 2020
This film directed by James Marsh. The stars are Eddie Redmayne, Felicity Jones. This movie is based on a book. This is the story of the life of the famous physicist Stephen Hoging. Stephen goes to university, where he meets Jane. She became his wife in the future.
Then, he learns of his incurable illness. His friends and wife support him. Man tries to fight. They are born children and all are happy in the family. But his health is deteriorating. Stephen makes great discoveries in physics. He becomes known worldwide.
This film is very moving and romantic. The most touches is the love of Steven and Jane. I recomend this film everyone because it’s very interesting and good. It has strong points.

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my favourite film is THE DARK KNIGHT i think is action and drama and crime, itis the most brilliant movie made by nolan, it was awsom movie, full of shoking seens.

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my favourite film is THE DARK KNIGHT i think is action and drama and crime, itis the most brilliant movie made by nolan, it was awsom movie, full of shoking seens.

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My favourite film in recent year is ” The Greatest Showman” .It is a musical film and was directed by Michael Gracey in 2020. The film has a lot of star who portray in like Hugh Jackman, Michelle Williams, Zac Efron, .
The film tells the story about Barnum, a poor man but he still had a dream to become a star in stage . He has a girlfriend call Charity ,a wealthy lady but always love Barnum. The life become harder when
Barnum’s farther died, the couple decides to escape to New york. In Ny by the juggle he became very rich. Not latter ,Barnum establish ” Barnum museum,” where he concentrate mutants or people at the bottom of society to make a largest show in the world and avenge who libelled he ago. the end.
I like this film very much because it teaches me that every dream will come true if you have enough courage, passion and strong will.
Hope you enjoy that film.

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My favourite film in recent year is ” The Greatest Showman” .It is a musical film and was directed by Michael Gracey in 2020. The film has a lot of star who portray in like Hugh Jackman, Michelle Williams, Zac Efron, .
The film tells the story about Barnum, a poor man but he still had a dream to become a star in stage . He has a girlfriend call Charity ,a wealthy lady but always love Barnum. The life become harder when
Barnum’s farther died, the couple decides to escape to New york. In Ny by the juggle he became very rich. Not latter ,Barnum establish ” Barnum museum,” where he concentrate mutants or people at the bottom of society to make a largest show in the world and avenge who libelled he ago. the end.
I like this film very much because it teaches me that every dream will come true if you have enough courage, passion and strong will.
Hope you enjoy that film.

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In recent years, I have fallen in love with African films.And thanks to YouTube I have watched loads of them.One film which I regularly repeat watching is Agaba Brothers.The film stars popular Nigerian actors Sam Loko-Efe,Nkem Owoh,Victor Osuagwu, and Chiwetalu Agu.Agaba Brothers was directed by Valentine Nwabulu.

The film is an African comedy set out in rural Nigeria.The script is about four jobless friends who are not up for good in their community.One of them Nkem Owoh, who features as Agaba, is married, but he continues to have side relationships with other women.Agaba’s friends followed his footsteps.In the end the friendship breaks up and all hell broke lose.

The movie was hit when it started appearing in 2005 and on Youtube it has over 500 thousand views.

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In recent years, I have fallen in love with African films.And thanks to YouTube I have watched loads of them.One film which I regularly repeat watching is Agaba Brothers.The film stars popular Nigerian actors Sam Loko-Efe,Nkem Owoh,Victor Osuagwu, and Chiwetalu Agu.Agaba Brothers was directed by Valentine Nwabulu.

The film is an African comedy set out in rural Nigeria.The script is about four jobless friends who are not up for good in their community.One of them Nkem Owoh, who features as Agaba, is married, but he continues to have side relationships with other women.Agaba’s friends followed his footsteps.In the end the friendship breaks up and all hell broke lose.

The movie was hit when it started appearing in 2005 and on Youtube it has over 500 thousand views.

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Movie
– It happened yesterday? (Part 1,2 and 3)

director
– Todd Phillips

Actors
– Bradley Cooper
– Ed Helms
– Zach galifianakis
– Justin Bartha

Budget
Part 1: 35 million dollars
. Part 2: 80 million dollars
. Part 3: 105 million dollars.

– Part 1: June 5, 2009
– Part 2: May 19, 2020
– Part 3: May 23, 2020

Gain
– USD 1.4 million

Summary- What happened yesterday? (Part 1,2 and 3)

– This film directed by Tood Phillips is a 3 part saga in which a group of 4 friends has dangerous adventures in different parts of the world.
These friends call themselves “The Wolf Pack” and their adventures are given from “Honeymoon” or are used as spies to catch the Chinese and the boss of a mafia Leslie Chow (Ken Jeong) in which 1 from them it becomes their friend what brings them. certain problems

– This is one of my favorite movies because I really like comedy and some horror, I think the series What happened yesterday? It is one of the best movies I’ve seen in my life, as they have scenes of a lot of humor and drama.
Although some scenes have an inadequate vocabulary, I think they should have an age regime for people who watch these movies or also in the company of an adult.
This is my criticism about the movie that is one of my favorites!

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Movie
– It happened yesterday? (Part 1,2 and 3)

director
– Todd Phillips

Actors
– Bradley Cooper
– Ed Helms
– Zach galifianakis
– Justin Bartha

Budget
Part 1: 35 million dollars
. Part 2: 80 million dollars
. Part 3: 105 million dollars.

– Part 1: June 5, 2009
– Part 2: May 19, 2020
– Part 3: May 23, 2020

Gain
– USD 1.4 million

Summary- What happened yesterday? (Part 1,2 and 3)

– This film directed by Tood Phillips is a 3 part saga in which a group of 4 friends has dangerous adventures in different parts of the world.
These friends call themselves “The Wolf Pack” and their adventures are given from “Honeymoon” or are used as spies to catch the Chinese and the boss of a mafia Leslie Chow (Ken Jeong) in which 1 from them it becomes their friend what brings them. certain problems

– This is one of my favorite movies because I really like comedy and some horror, I think the series What happened yesterday? It is one of the best movies I’ve seen in my life, as they have scenes of a lot of humor and drama.
Although some scenes have an inadequate vocabulary, I think they should have an age regime for people who watch these movies or also in the company of an adult.
This is my criticism about the movie that is one of my favorites!

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Hallowen 2020
GENDER: HORROR
AUDIENCE: +18
Directed by: David Gordon Green
Protagonist
Jamie Lee Curtis
Judy Greer
Andi Matichak
Will Patton
Virginia Gardne

Halloween 2020 is a direct remake of the first movie of 1978, brings killer killer Michael Myers, who was locked up 40 years in a sanatorium, and escapes with thirst for blood to terrorize the night of Hallowen. myers seeks to end once and for all with Laurie Strode, who lived in isolation and prepared 40 years to pursue Michael if he escaped; Laurie will seek to end her great nightmare with the help of her daughter and granddaughter, and Michael will seek to fulfill his goal of killing her and anyone who crosses his path.

in my opinion it is a movie that corrects the big sequels errors that the saga took as the starting point for its first installment, hallowen is an apathetic movie that allows to relive the fear for the man with michael myers mask and that gives the spectator a true feeling of horror

My final rating for Hallowen 2020 is 4 stars out of 5

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Hallowen 2020
GENDER: HORROR
AUDIENCE: +18
Directed by: David Gordon Green
Protagonist
Jamie Lee Curtis
Judy Greer
Andi Matichak
Will Patton
Virginia Gardne

Halloween 2020 is a direct remake of the first movie of 1978, brings killer killer Michael Myers, who was locked up 40 years in a sanatorium, and escapes with thirst for blood to terrorize the night of Hallowen. myers seeks to end once and for all with Laurie Strode, who lived in isolation and prepared 40 years to pursue Michael if he escaped; Laurie will seek to end her great nightmare with the help of her daughter and granddaughter, and Michael will seek to fulfill his goal of killing her and anyone who crosses his path.

in my opinion it is a movie that corrects the big sequels errors that the saga took as the starting point for its first installment, hallowen is an apathetic movie that allows to relive the fear for the man with michael myers mask and that gives the spectator a true feeling of horror

My final rating for Hallowen 2020 is 4 stars out of 5

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The Nun is a scary movie released a couple of weeks ago and is a prequel based on the characters appearace in ‘The Conjuring 2’ . The nun is possessed by a demon and kills lots of people. It was a terrifying movie and I nearly wet my pants. I highly recommend wating this movie because I like to be scared.

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The Nun is a scary movie released a couple of weeks ago and is a prequel based on the characters appearace in ‘The Conjuring 2’ . The nun is possessed by a demon and kills lots of people. It was a terrifying movie and I nearly wet my pants. I highly recommend wating this movie because I like to be scared.

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I’ll try this movie.Never watch horror movies alone and at night.

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I’ll try this movie.Never watch horror movies alone and at night.

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Fast and Furious:
The director of this film receives the name of Rob Cohen, who decided to record this first film in 2003, with his cast: Paul Walker, Vin Diesel, Michelle Rodriguez, Jordana Brewster and Rick Yune.
Basically, this film talks about the races, about the amount of money they bet and they get to bet on their own vehicles, all this done as street acts; This film is based on a lot of adrenaline, sexual acts, speeds too high and especially confrontations between themselves. The plot of the film is that the police try to avoid actors who already know they are dirty, but who try to escape; The film also shows that with money you can make big changes to cars, usually drivers decided to use drugs to feel better adrenaline and achieve meet their expectations; he created that it is more than obvious that these careers are very dangerous and can often lead to death; The cars also have mechanical failures sometimes, but others are for revenge.
To be honest with this movie I loved it, because in reality it does not do more than the danger behind the car races and the bites, it also focuses on the problems of love, deaths and so on. This first film has seven more than the continuity and even so it does not stop surprising me each of them.

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Fast and Furious:
The director of this film receives the name of Rob Cohen, who decided to record this first film in 2003, with his cast: Paul Walker, Vin Diesel, Michelle Rodriguez, Jordana Brewster and Rick Yune.
Basically, this film talks about the races, about the amount of money they bet and they get to bet on their own vehicles, all this done as street acts; This film is based on a lot of adrenaline, sexual acts, speeds too high and especially confrontations between themselves. The plot of the film is that the police try to avoid actors who already know they are dirty, but who try to escape; The film also shows that with money you can make big changes to cars, usually drivers decided to use drugs to feel better adrenaline and achieve meet their expectations; he created that it is more than obvious that these careers are very dangerous and can often lead to death; The cars also have mechanical failures sometimes, but others are for revenge.
To be honest with this movie I loved it, because in reality it does not do more than the danger behind the car races and the bites, it also focuses on the problems of love, deaths and so on. This first film has seven more than the continuity and even so it does not stop surprising me each of them.

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Eddie the Eagle
Eddie the Eagle was released in 2020, but I watched it during the 2020 Winter Olimpycs! The film was fascinating and very impressive!
Eddie the Eagle is based on a true story, it is about Eddie Edwards (played by Taron Egerton), the notoriously tenacious British underdog ski jumper who charmed the world at the 1988 Winter Olympics. He never stopped believing in himself and with the help of a rebellious coach – played by Hugh Jackman, one of the most charismatic actor I have ever seen – he started to realize his biggest dream…to be an Olympian. It is not only about sport, but friendship, relationship between player and coach and player to player. So the film is a bit biography, a bit comedy and a bit drama.
It is directed by Dexter Fletcher and it got 8 nominations and 2 wins on some different international film festivals.

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Eddie the Eagle
Eddie the Eagle was released in 2020, but I watched it during the 2020 Winter Olimpycs! The film was fascinating and very impressive!
Eddie the Eagle is based on a true story, it is about Eddie Edwards (played by Taron Egerton), the notoriously tenacious British underdog ski jumper who charmed the world at the 1988 Winter Olympics. He never stopped believing in himself and with the help of a rebellious coach – played by Hugh Jackman, one of the most charismatic actor I have ever seen – he started to realize his biggest dream…to be an Olympian. It is not only about sport, but friendship, relationship between player and coach and player to player. So the film is a bit biography, a bit comedy and a bit drama.
It is directed by Dexter Fletcher and it got 8 nominations and 2 wins on some different international film festivals.

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DeadPool – loudmouth mercenary
This film was released on February 12, 2020. Protagonized by Ryan Reynolds like DeadPool is an action-comedy film that is directed by Tim Miller who is focused to young adult audience.

DeadPool is a mutant mercenary who is looking for revenge for his deformation caused by Ajax (Ed Skrein) in a secret laboratory, Deadpool he is a deranged hwo don’t know limits.

I realy enjoy this movie because I’m a Marvel films fan, well I rate the film whit four stars out of five and if You are also fan of Marvel You have to watch it.

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DeadPool – loudmouth mercenary
This film was released on February 12, 2020. Protagonized by Ryan Reynolds like DeadPool is an action-comedy film that is directed by Tim Miller who is focused to young adult audience.

DeadPool is a mutant mercenary who is looking for revenge for his deformation caused by Ajax (Ed Skrein) in a secret laboratory, Deadpool he is a deranged hwo don’t know limits.

I realy enjoy this movie because I’m a Marvel films fan, well I rate the film whit four stars out of five and if You are also fan of Marvel You have to watch it.

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The incredible 2
The film was released on July 15, 2020 and directed by Brad Bird.
It is an animated film by Pixar and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures, the plot of the film is that the Parr family must fight to re-adapt in society as a normal family because the government continues to prohibit the free activity of individuals with powers, but with the emergence of a new villain and a job by Helen to legalize the superheroes, the family has to re-operate as heroes to save the world once again.
It is very funny and contains a happy ending.

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The incredible 2
The film was released on July 15, 2020 and directed by Brad Bird.
It is an animated film by Pixar and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures, the plot of the film is that the Parr family must fight to re-adapt in society as a normal family because the government continues to prohibit the free activity of individuals with powers, but with the emergence of a new villain and a job by Helen to legalize the superheroes, the family has to re-operate as heroes to save the world once again.
It is very funny and contains a happy ending.

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Coco is one of the best animated films in recent years. Released in 2020, its stars Gael Garcia as Hector and Benjamin Bratt in the role of Ernesto de la Cruz, the villain in this film.
The plot involves a dream of Miguel, Hector’s son of becoming a musician despite his family’s ban on music. He got involved in an extraordinary journey to unlock the real story of his family history.
The film is set in Mexico and that explores the traditions of the Day of the Dead.
The soundtrack is impressive and won the academy award.
I would highly recommend Coco a film full of adventures, comedy, and love. This film is great for all audiences, especially if you want to share quality time with your loved ones.

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Coco is one of the best animated films in recent years. Released in 2020, its stars Gael Garcia as Hector and Benjamin Bratt in the role of Ernesto de la Cruz, the villain in this film.
The plot involves a dream of Miguel, Hector’s son of becoming a musician despite his family’s ban on music. He got involved in an extraordinary journey to unlock the real story of his family history.
The film is set in Mexico and that explores the traditions of the Day of the Dead.
The soundtrack is impressive and won the academy award.
I would highly recommend Coco a film full of adventures, comedy, and love. This film is great for all audiences, especially if you want to share quality time with your loved ones.

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– Happened yesterday? (Part 1,2 and 3)

– Bradley Cooper
– Ed Helms
– Zach galifianakis
– Justin Bartha

– Part 1: 35 million USD
– Part 2: 80 million USD
– Part 3: 105 million USD

– Part 1: June 5, 2009
– Part 2: May 19, 2020
– Part 3: May 23, 2020

Summary- What happened yesterday? (Part 1,2 and 3)

– This film directed by Tood Phillips is a saga of 3 parts in which a group of 4 friends have dangerous adventures in different parts of the world.
These friends call themselves “The pack of wolves” and their adventures are given from “Honeymoon” or used as spies to catch the Chinese and boss of a mafia Leslie Chow (Ken Jeong) in which 1 of them it becomes their friend what brings them certain problems.

– This is one of my favorite movies because I really like comedy and some horror, I think the series What happened yesterday? is one of the best movies that I’ve seen in my life since they possen scenes of a lot of humor and drama
Although some scenes are of an inadequate vocabulary I think that they should have an age regime for the people who see these films or also in the company of an adult.
This is my review about the movie which is one of my favorites!

  • Log in or register to post comments

– Happened yesterday? (Part 1,2 and 3)

– Bradley Cooper
– Ed Helms
– Zach galifianakis
– Justin Bartha

– Part 1: 35 million USD
– Part 2: 80 million USD
– Part 3: 105 million USD

– Part 1: June 5, 2009
– Part 2: May 19, 2020
– Part 3: May 23, 2020

Summary- What happened yesterday? (Part 1,2 and 3)

– This film directed by Tood Phillips is a saga of 3 parts in which a group of 4 friends have dangerous adventures in different parts of the world.
These friends call themselves “The pack of wolves” and their adventures are given from “Honeymoon” or used as spies to catch the Chinese and boss of a mafia Leslie Chow (Ken Jeong) in which 1 of them it becomes their friend what brings them certain problems.

– This is one of my favorite movies because I really like comedy and some horror, I think the series What happened yesterday? is one of the best movies that I’ve seen in my life since they possen scenes of a lot of humor and drama
Although some scenes are of an inadequate vocabulary I think that they should have an age regime for the people who see these films or also in the company of an adult.
This is my review about the movie which is one of my favorites!

  • Log in or register to post comments

Pride and Perjudice (2005)
based on Jane Austen’s novel, it is considered as a totally romantic movie; I love romantic movies so i really enjoyed watching this one; Ive had the oportunity to watch several previous movies based in Pride and prejudice and all I have to say is that is very refreshing watching the personafication of elizabeth by Keira Knightley and of course mr Darcy, interpreted by Matthew MacFadyen, you can feel the chemistry between this two actors and they make such a good couple.
The movie is based basically from the point of view of Elizabeth; how she feels about her family and what is expected from her; and her feelings for Mr Darcy and how they change because of his behavior and acts.
I loved the ending and this would be a movie I would recomend to anyone who wants to watch a very good romantic movie

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Pride and Perjudice (2005)
based on Jane Austen’s novel, it is considered as a totally romantic movie; I love romantic movies so i really enjoyed watching this one; Ive had the oportunity to watch several previous movies based in Pride and prejudice and all I have to say is that is very refreshing watching the personafication of elizabeth by Keira Knightley and of course mr Darcy, interpreted by Matthew MacFadyen, you can feel the chemistry between this two actors and they make such a good couple.
The movie is based basically from the point of view of Elizabeth; how she feels about her family and what is expected from her; and her feelings for Mr Darcy and how they change because of his behavior and acts.
I loved the ending and this would be a movie I would recomend to anyone who wants to watch a very good romantic movie

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Misión imposible: Repercusión, la innovación de las películas de acción

Misión imposible: repercusión es una película de acción, estrenada el 25 de Julio de 2020, escrita, co-producida y dirigida por Christopher McQuarrie, y protagonizada por Tom Cruise, quien interpreta a Ethan Hunt, un espía y agente de la FMI “Fuerza de Misión Imposible” quien se encarga de realizar misiones ultra-secretas. En esta película, Hunt y su equipo es enviado a una misión consistente en recuperar tres esferas de plutonio que podrían ser utilizadas para crear armas nucleares, para ocasionar una gran catástrofe que tendría lugar en el continente asiático, junto a otro agente de la CIA, August Walker, quien en el transcurso de la película resulta ser el villano, y quien hace un complot con el villano de películas anteriores: Solomon Lane, para lograr tener éxito en la misión, consistente en matar de hambre a una tercera parte de la población mundial. Esta película posee la capacidad de captar la atención del observador, conociendo o no la historia de las películas anteriores, ya que tiene múltiples escenas donde el protagonista y su equipo deben tomar decisiones peligrosas, donde se muestran escenas de batalla, de estrategia, sin exagerar en gran medida la realidad, lo que no muestra mucha evidencia de efectos especiales. Esto la convierte en una película fascinante y entretenida para el público objetivo, repleta de acción, suspenso y emoción.

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Misión imposible: Repercusión, la innovación de las películas de acción

Misión imposible: repercusión es una película de acción, estrenada el 25 de Julio de 2020, escrita, co-producida y dirigida por Christopher McQuarrie, y protagonizada por Tom Cruise, quien interpreta a Ethan Hunt, un espía y agente de la FMI “Fuerza de Misión Imposible” quien se encarga de realizar misiones ultra-secretas. En esta película, Hunt y su equipo es enviado a una misión consistente en recuperar tres esferas de plutonio que podrían ser utilizadas para crear armas nucleares, para ocasionar una gran catástrofe que tendría lugar en el continente asiático, junto a otro agente de la CIA, August Walker, quien en el transcurso de la película resulta ser el villano, y quien hace un complot con el villano de películas anteriores: Solomon Lane, para lograr tener éxito en la misión, consistente en matar de hambre a una tercera parte de la población mundial. Esta película posee la capacidad de captar la atención del observador, conociendo o no la historia de las películas anteriores, ya que tiene múltiples escenas donde el protagonista y su equipo deben tomar decisiones peligrosas, donde se muestran escenas de batalla, de estrategia, sin exagerar en gran medida la realidad, lo que no muestra mucha evidencia de efectos especiales. Esto la convierte en una película fascinante y entretenida para el público objetivo, repleta de acción, suspenso y emoción.

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Mission impossible: Repercussion, the innovation of action movies Mission Impossible: Rebound is an action movie, released on July 25, 2020, written, co-produced and directed by Christopher McQuarrie, and starring Tom Cruise, who plays Ethan Hunt, a spy and agent of the IMF “Force Mission Impossible “who is responsible for conducting ultra-secret missions. In this film, Hunt and his team is sent to a mission consisting of recovering three plutonium spheres that could be used to create nuclear weapons, to cause a great catastrophe that would take place in the Asian continent, along with another agent of the CIA, August Walker, who in the course of the film turns out to be the villain, and who makes a plot with the villain of previous films: Solomon Lane, to achieve success in the mission, consisting in starving a third of the population world. This film has the ability to capture the attention of the observer, knowing or not the history of the previous films, since it has multiple scenes where the protagonist and his team must make dangerous decisions, where scenes of battle, strategy, without exaggeration are shown largely the reality, which does not show much evidence of special effects. This makes it a fascinating and entertaining movie for the target audience, full of action, suspense and excitement

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Mission impossible: Repercussion, the innovation of action movies Mission Impossible: Rebound is an action movie, released on July 25, 2020, written, co-produced and directed by Christopher McQuarrie, and starring Tom Cruise, who plays Ethan Hunt, a spy and agent of the IMF “Force Mission Impossible “who is responsible for conducting ultra-secret missions. In this film, Hunt and his team is sent to a mission consisting of recovering three plutonium spheres that could be used to create nuclear weapons, to cause a great catastrophe that would take place in the Asian continent, along with another agent of the CIA, August Walker, who in the course of the film turns out to be the villain, and who makes a plot with the villain of previous films: Solomon Lane, to achieve success in the mission, consisting in starving a third of the population world. This film has the ability to capture the attention of the observer, knowing or not the history of the previous films, since it has multiple scenes where the protagonist and his team must make dangerous decisions, where scenes of battle, strategy, without exaggeration are shown largely the reality, which does not show much evidence of special effects. This makes it a fascinating and entertaining movie for the target audience, full of action, suspense and excitement

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The Incredibles 2

This new film that was released 15 years after the first one came out is full of new superpowers and abilities, including the new ones of the little baby called “Jack-Jack” who is tangled with so much new powers and giving their Family new adventures.

Mr. Incredible is not the very important person that was in the first film, he is now rejected as the amazing Super-Man that he was and his wife is now the main character.

Elastigirl is now taking all the protagonism because of a new enemy that came out after “The Mole” and is taking all the people as slaves (EVEN SHE!) using hipnotizing tools.

Now everyone has to work together to beat this new enemy to keep the city and the world safe while their kids try to keep Jack-Jack safe of all the trouble.

This is a highly recommended movie if you watched the first film and want to feel again all the sensations that these movies transfer to the public.

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The Incredibles 2

This new film that was released 15 years after the first one came out is full of new superpowers and abilities, including the new ones of the little baby called “Jack-Jack” who is tangled with so much new powers and giving their Family new adventures.

Mr. Incredible is not the very important person that was in the first film, he is now rejected as the amazing Super-Man that he was and his wife is now the main character.

Elastigirl is now taking all the protagonism because of a new enemy that came out after “The Mole” and is taking all the people as slaves (EVEN SHE!) using hipnotizing tools.

Now everyone has to work together to beat this new enemy to keep the city and the world safe while their kids try to keep Jack-Jack safe of all the trouble.

This is a highly recommended movie if you watched the first film and want to feel again all the sensations that these movies transfer to the public.

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Camp Rock an adventure more

Camp Rock is a youth movie
US musical that came out to be presented on television for the whole family, was released on June 20, 2008 and directed by Matthew Diamond and produced by Alan Sacks for Disney Chanel, starring Demi Lovato and Joe Jonas. of the Jonas Brothers.
This is a movie in which the main character Mitchie Torres (Demi Lovato) wants to go to a famous musical camp called Camp Rock, but she has difficulty going; since his family does not have enough money to pay for it, for this Connie his mother decides to work for the camp as a cook in exchange for Mitchie being able to attend him. During the campaign Mitchie meets one of the musicians of the band Connet 3, the arrogant vocalist Shane Gray (Joe Jonas), his uncle, the owner of the camp forces him to give dance classes in it; after one of these classes he is forced to leave running because his fans go behind him, when looking for a place to hide, he hears a voice that falls in love but fails to identify who he is; after this Shane Gray begins to look for that voice before the final contest of the camp, during this search the personality of Shane takes a big turn.

Regarding this film, I consider that my childhood grew up listening to Connet 3, I know all the songs of this movie, I think that the plot that it has is very interesting and it teaches us more than anything to the young people manymessages and likewise the saga that accompanies it . it is very funny to see how we get to know the life of many young people through music.

My rating for this movie is 5 stars.

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Camp Rock an adventure more

Camp Rock is a youth movie
US musical that came out to be presented on television for the whole family, was released on June 20, 2008 and directed by Matthew Diamond and produced by Alan Sacks for Disney Chanel, starring Demi Lovato and Joe Jonas. of the Jonas Brothers.
This is a movie in which the main character Mitchie Torres (Demi Lovato) wants to go to a famous musical camp called Camp Rock, but she has difficulty going; since his family does not have enough money to pay for it, for this Connie his mother decides to work for the camp as a cook in exchange for Mitchie being able to attend him. During the campaign Mitchie meets one of the musicians of the band Connet 3, the arrogant vocalist Shane Gray (Joe Jonas), his uncle, the owner of the camp forces him to give dance classes in it; after one of these classes he is forced to leave running because his fans go behind him, when looking for a place to hide, he hears a voice that falls in love but fails to identify who he is; after this Shane Gray begins to look for that voice before the final contest of the camp, during this search the personality of Shane takes a big turn.

Regarding this film, I consider that my childhood grew up listening to Connet 3, I know all the songs of this movie, I think that the plot that it has is very interesting and it teaches us more than anything to the young people manymessages and likewise the saga that accompanies it . it is very funny to see how we get to know the life of many young people through music.

My rating for this movie is 5 stars.

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Camp Rock an adventure more

Camp Rock is a youth movie
US musical that came out to be presented on television for the whole family, was released on June 20, 2008 and directed by Matthew Diamond and produced by Alan Sacks for Disney Chanel, starring Demi Lovato and Joe Jonas. of the Jonas Brothers.

This is a movie in which the main character Mitchie Torres (Demi Lovato) wants to go to a famous musical camp called Camp Rock, but she has difficulty going; since his family does not have enough money to pay for it, for this Connie his mother decides to work for the camp as a cook in exchange for Mitchie being able to attend him. During the campaign Mitchie meets one of the musicians of the band Connet 3, the arrogant vocalist Shane Gray (Joe Jonas), his uncle, the owner of the camp forces him to give dance classes in it; after one of these classes he is forced to leave running because his fans go behind him, when looking for a place to hide, he hears a voice that falls in love but fails to identify who he is; after this Shane Gray begins to look for that voice before the final contest of the camp, during this search the personality of Shane takes a big turn.

Regarding this film, I consider that my childhood grew up listening to Connet 3, I know all the songs of this movie, I think that the plot that it has is very interesting and it teaches us more than anything to the young people many messages and likewise the saga that accompanies it . it is very funny to see how we get to know the life of many young people through music.

My rating for this movie is 5 stars.

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Camp Rock an adventure more

Camp Rock is a youth movie
US musical that came out to be presented on television for the whole family, was released on June 20, 2008 and directed by Matthew Diamond and produced by Alan Sacks for Disney Chanel, starring Demi Lovato and Joe Jonas. of the Jonas Brothers.

This is a movie in which the main character Mitchie Torres (Demi Lovato) wants to go to a famous musical camp called Camp Rock, but she has difficulty going; since his family does not have enough money to pay for it, for this Connie his mother decides to work for the camp as a cook in exchange for Mitchie being able to attend him. During the campaign Mitchie meets one of the musicians of the band Connet 3, the arrogant vocalist Shane Gray (Joe Jonas), his uncle, the owner of the camp forces him to give dance classes in it; after one of these classes he is forced to leave running because his fans go behind him, when looking for a place to hide, he hears a voice that falls in love but fails to identify who he is; after this Shane Gray begins to look for that voice before the final contest of the camp, during this search the personality of Shane takes a big turn.

Regarding this film, I consider that my childhood grew up listening to Connet 3, I know all the songs of this movie, I think that the plot that it has is very interesting and it teaches us more than anything to the young people many messages and likewise the saga that accompanies it . it is very funny to see how we get to know the life of many young people through music.

My rating for this movie is 5 stars.

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Fast And Furious 8 (Action Film)
The latest film of fast and furious, has had all the same ingredients as the rest of previous films, bullets, pure action, and many but many explosions. This movie besides being of action also has certain touches of comedy.Starring by the actor Vin Diesel (Dominic Toretto), an iconic character in this movie saga being the main protagonist of this movie.
This movie was recorded and made in 2020 directed by director F. Gary Gray. This movie had a budget of 250 million USD and managed to raise more than 1 billion USD.
This film had a great cast of actors including Vin Diesel, Dwayne Johnson ” The Rock ”, Charlize Theron and others. The soundtrack of this movie was composed by the artist Brian Tyler.
Anyway, the film manages to be fun and quite bearable, with a plot that appeals to human emotions under the framework of one of the harshest topics of our contemporaneity, that is, terrorism.
This is a great movie, I really give it five stars out of five, I totally recommend it.

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Fast And Furious 8 (Action Film)
The latest film of fast and furious, has had all the same ingredients as the rest of previous films, bullets, pure action, and many but many explosions. This movie besides being of action also has certain touches of comedy.Starring by the actor Vin Diesel (Dominic Toretto), an iconic character in this movie saga being the main protagonist of this movie.
This movie was recorded and made in 2020 directed by director F. Gary Gray. This movie had a budget of 250 million USD and managed to raise more than 1 billion USD.
This film had a great cast of actors including Vin Diesel, Dwayne Johnson ” The Rock ”, Charlize Theron and others. The soundtrack of this movie was composed by the artist Brian Tyler.
Anyway, the film manages to be fun and quite bearable, with a plot that appeals to human emotions under the framework of one of the harshest topics of our contemporaneity, that is, terrorism.
This is a great movie, I really give it five stars out of five, I totally recommend it.

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NERVE
(action and suspence)
This film is about a girl who, due to the pressure of her friends, enters a game that instead of entertaining her ends up almost ruining her life.
in my opinion it is a very interesting film that fulfills the objective of entertaining the public and keeping it in suspense with the emotion of knowing what happens to this girl and all her friends

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NERVE
(action and suspence)
This film is about a girl who, due to the pressure of her friends, enters a game that instead of entertaining her ends up almost ruining her life.
in my opinion it is a very interesting film that fulfills the objective of entertaining the public and keeping it in suspense with the emotion of knowing what happens to this girl and all her friends

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To all the boys I´ve Loved Before is an original teen romance comedy from Netflix based on Jenny Han’s books with the same name and with address by Susan Johnson; starring Lana Condor, Noah Centineo and Janel Parrish.
Tells the story of Lara Jean, a young woman who writes five letters to the five kids she falls in love with, one day the letters are sent mysteriously and Lara will have to face the consequences of what that will bring her.
Although the film becomes a bit hollow, it is very entertaining and it is to highlight the fact that the protagonist breaks the stereotype that is already used. A very good movie for teenagers.

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To all the boys I´ve Loved Before is an original teen romance comedy from Netflix based on Jenny Han’s books with the same name and with address by Susan Johnson; starring Lana Condor, Noah Centineo and Janel Parrish.
Tells the story of Lara Jean, a young woman who writes five letters to the five kids she falls in love with, one day the letters are sent mysteriously and Lara will have to face the consequences of what that will bring her.
Although the film becomes a bit hollow, it is very entertaining and it is to highlight the fact that the protagonist breaks the stereotype that is already used. A very good movie for teenagers.

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Mission impossible: fallout.
the movie is directed by Christopher McQuarrie. This is the moral dilemma in the heart of impossible mission repercussion. In several options the m.i.f agent played by Tom Cruise is forced to decide between saving a person’s life and stopping a plan that can end the lives of millions.

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Mission impossible: fallout.
the movie is directed by Christopher McQuarrie. This is the moral dilemma in the heart of impossible mission repercussion. In several options the m.i.f agent played by Tom Cruise is forced to decide between saving a person’s life and stopping a plan that can end the lives of millions.

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Mission Imposible: Fallout
This movie belongs to the action spy genre. written, produced and directed by Christopher McQuarrie, this is the sixth installment of the franchise. the film lasts 147 minutes, with a budget of 178 million dollars and so far has raised 460 million dollars. This new installment has the participation of actors from previous deliveries and with new actors who play new roles (Tom Cruise, Henry Cavill, Ving Rhames, Simon Pegg, Rebecca Ferguson, Sean Harris, Angela Bassett, Michelle Monaghan, Vanessa Kirby and Alec Baldwin ). The producers in charge of this film are Skydance Media, TC Productions, Alibaba Pictures and Bad Robot Productions and distributed by Paramount Pictures.

the film is about the spy Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) who was assigned the mission of recovering three plutonium spheres that were stolen by the group known as the Apostles after Ethan’s decision to save the life of his friend Luther Stickell and not avoid plutonium being stolen Ethan’s team is joined by a new comrade, August Walker, who was appointed by CIA director Erica Sloane to follow Ethan Hunt closely and observe each movement. This team of spies will have to face many difficult decisions, travel through wonderful countries and undergo unexpected changes of plans.

In my opinion this movie is excellent for lovers of action movies because it contains epic battles, high speed chases, wonderful countries, spy artifacts, luxury cars and motorcycles, perfectly choreographed fights and many weapons. In addition, the special effects are very well worked and the performance of the actors is great.

I would give this movie four and a half stars and I really recommend that you see Mission Impossible: Fallout

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Mission Imposible: Fallout
This movie belongs to the action spy genre. written, produced and directed by Christopher McQuarrie, this is the sixth installment of the franchise. the film lasts 147 minutes, with a budget of 178 million dollars and so far has raised 460 million dollars. This new installment has the participation of actors from previous deliveries and with new actors who play new roles (Tom Cruise, Henry Cavill, Ving Rhames, Simon Pegg, Rebecca Ferguson, Sean Harris, Angela Bassett, Michelle Monaghan, Vanessa Kirby and Alec Baldwin ). The producers in charge of this film are Skydance Media, TC Productions, Alibaba Pictures and Bad Robot Productions and distributed by Paramount Pictures.

the film is about the spy Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) who was assigned the mission of recovering three plutonium spheres that were stolen by the group known as the Apostles after Ethan’s decision to save the life of his friend Luther Stickell and not avoid plutonium being stolen Ethan’s team is joined by a new comrade, August Walker, who was appointed by CIA director Erica Sloane to follow Ethan Hunt closely and observe each movement. This team of spies will have to face many difficult decisions, travel through wonderful countries and undergo unexpected changes of plans.

In my opinion this movie is excellent for lovers of action movies because it contains epic battles, high speed chases, wonderful countries, spy artifacts, luxury cars and motorcycles, perfectly choreographed fights and many weapons. In addition, the special effects are very well worked and the performance of the actors is great.

I would give this movie four and a half stars and I really recommend that you see Mission Impossible: Fallout

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IF I STAY:
“A touching movie”
If I stay is a drama movie. This film is based in the book with the same name: “If I stay”. Released in 2020, it stars Chloe Grace Moretz as Mia a seventeen-year-old instrumentalist specializing in classical music and Jamie Blackley as Adam, Mia’s punk boyfriend.
The plot involves a tragic car accident that ends her parents’ life and in which she and her little brother were seriously injured. Mia tries to overcome that tragic past, while living in her present a strange love relationship with Adam. Mia sees her future uncertain, because she has many decisions about what to do with her life and Adam struggles for not let her go. But why? I can’t say anymore.

The film is set in different parts of the area that has the name of Metro Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada. It’s fantastic the relation between the music, romanticism, life and death.

In my opinion, is a film that teach us to value every second of our life. We look the fantasy of love, the passion for music and the importance of a decision about our life.

If I Stay‘s target audience is adolescent girls. But I think this movie has a message for all of us. So, I would highly recommend If I Stay, especially if you are keen on love, music and the movies with a little intrigue, since it will have you on the edge of your seat until the very end.

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IF I STAY:
“A touching movie”
If I stay is a drama movie. This film is based in the book with the same name: “If I stay”. Released in 2020, it stars Chloe Grace Moretz as Mia a seventeen-year-old instrumentalist specializing in classical music and Jamie Blackley as Adam, Mia’s punk boyfriend.
The plot involves a tragic car accident that ends her parents’ life and in which she and her little brother were seriously injured. Mia tries to overcome that tragic past, while living in her present a strange love relationship with Adam. Mia sees her future uncertain, because she has many decisions about what to do with her life and Adam struggles for not let her go. But why? I can’t say anymore.

The film is set in different parts of the area that has the name of Metro Vancouver in British Columbia, Canada. It’s fantastic the relation between the music, romanticism, life and death.

In my opinion, is a film that teach us to value every second of our life. We look the fantasy of love, the passion for music and the importance of a decision about our life.

If I Stay‘s target audience is adolescent girls. But I think this movie has a message for all of us. So, I would highly recommend If I Stay, especially if you are keen on love, music and the movies with a little intrigue, since it will have you on the edge of your seat until the very end.

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truth or challenge (terror and suspense)
the film is directed by Jeff Wadlow and starring Lucy Hale, Tyler Posey, Violett Beane, Hayden Szeto, Landon Liboiron and at the moment no nominee is known.
The event occurs in a vacation in Mexico among a group of friends through a traditional game called truth and challenge that consists of recruiting more people and being able to find a way out of it and punishing (in a frightening way) those who opposed fulfill your part of the game.
The film seemed very interesting to me, it caused me a lot of suspense what moved me and the end caused me a certain impression that made me wonder if I would ever play “Truth or Challenge” again.

I loved this movie and I think it is highly recommended for those young people who love the suspense

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truth or challenge (terror and suspense)
the film is directed by Jeff Wadlow and starring Lucy Hale, Tyler Posey, Violett Beane, Hayden Szeto, Landon Liboiron and at the moment no nominee is known.
The event occurs in a vacation in Mexico among a group of friends through a traditional game called truth and challenge that consists of recruiting more people and being able to find a way out of it and punishing (in a frightening way) those who opposed fulfill your part of the game.
The film seemed very interesting to me, it caused me a lot of suspense what moved me and the end caused me a certain impression that made me wonder if I would ever play “Truth or Challenge” again.

I loved this movie and I think it is highly recommended for those young people who love the suspense

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SKYSCRAPER.
(Suspense- action)
It is a movie for over 7 years, because it does not bring any kind of vulgar language so it is allowed to see children. a film that shows that there is no better thing than family, that love, that despite the fact that the world is full of hatred of rancor and envy should not be paid in the same way if not trying to do the best for everyone , for a community and society.
the film was announced on May 26, 2020 where its main actor is Dwayne Johnson where he is known as will, he will have a “difficult” life since in his past he was part of the team of rscate of fbi hostages, in his mission he suffers an accident for which it must be removed and that is where the prestijosa Neve Campbell enters with the name of Sarah Sawyer, wife of Will.
the movie was released on July 13 for universal studies.
I think it’s good although in its version of the Spanish language the sound was not organized from the correct form, but this movie causes different emotions in a short time, each one could enter this character feel each event and leave the movie theater with a great smile.

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SKYSCRAPER.
(Suspense- action)
It is a movie for over 7 years, because it does not bring any kind of vulgar language so it is allowed to see children. a film that shows that there is no better thing than family, that love, that despite the fact that the world is full of hatred of rancor and envy should not be paid in the same way if not trying to do the best for everyone , for a community and society.
the film was announced on May 26, 2020 where its main actor is Dwayne Johnson where he is known as will, he will have a “difficult” life since in his past he was part of the team of rscate of fbi hostages, in his mission he suffers an accident for which it must be removed and that is where the prestijosa Neve Campbell enters with the name of Sarah Sawyer, wife of Will.
the movie was released on July 13 for universal studies.
I think it’s good although in its version of the Spanish language the sound was not organized from the correct form, but this movie causes different emotions in a short time, each one could enter this character feel each event and leave the movie theater with a great smile.

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Lost And Delirious – A film whit lots of emotions.

Lost and delirious is a romantic teen drama film directed by Léa Pool and released in 2001.

Mary Bradford (Mischa Barton) leaves the city where she was born to enter an elegant boarding school. She is accepted by her two roommates, Paulie (Piper Perabo) and Tory (Jessica Paré). The three are united by having suffered frustrations with their parents. Mary has lost her mother, Paulie, to her parents who gave her up for adoption and Tory knows that she is losing her parents and the hopes they had in her. Although both are her best friends, she is puzzled by the intensity of the relationship between Paulie and Tory, but the world collapses when both are discovered in a compromising situation.

This movie is full of different emotions, deep moments, problems of love, that will bring you out a tear. I really love this movie because it is a love story interrupted by the moral prejudices of society, and that as a consequence has an unexpected outcome. Or not?

Well, it makes us see how unfair society is and how bad can it be. Even though the plot progresses a bit slow it’s certainly a wonderful movie, it’s worth seeing.

I would give Lost and Delirious four and a half stars out of five and, of course, I recommend you watch this movie.

I hope you see this movie.

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Lost And Delirious – A film whit lots of emotions.

Lost and delirious is a romantic teen drama film directed by Léa Pool and released in 2001.

Mary Bradford (Mischa Barton) leaves the city where she was born to enter an elegant boarding school. She is accepted by her two roommates, Paulie (Piper Perabo) and Tory (Jessica Paré). The three are united by having suffered frustrations with their parents. Mary has lost her mother, Paulie, to her parents who gave her up for adoption and Tory knows that she is losing her parents and the hopes they had in her. Although both are her best friends, she is puzzled by the intensity of the relationship between Paulie and Tory, but the world collapses when both are discovered in a compromising situation.

This movie is full of different emotions, deep moments, problems of love, that will bring you out a tear. I really love this movie because it is a love story interrupted by the moral prejudices of society, and that as a consequence has an unexpected outcome. Or not?

Well, it makes us see how unfair society is and how bad can it be. Even though the plot progresses a bit slow it’s certainly a wonderful movie, it’s worth seeing.

I would give Lost and Delirious four and a half stars out of five and, of course, I recommend you watch this movie.

I hope you see this movie.

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Set in a future age, after a terrible war that began because of the rebellion of some districts, the President Coriolanus Snow has submitted the people splitting them up on 12 districts. Concentration camps where the people lives on extreme poverty and as a punishment, the totalitarian government created “The Hunger Games”, where each district has to send a man and a woman from 12 years old and up, randomly selected, to participate in a deathmatch where the Last man standing wins.

The selection is called “The harvest” and the selected people are known as “tributes”. Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence), the film’s main character, offers as a tribute when her little sister, Primrose Everdeen is selected for the slaughter, the selected man is Peeta Mellark (Josh Hutcherson), they are sent to the capital where the Slaughter takes place.

The movie has a really good plot that involves violence and keeps you at the edge of the seat while the characters are risking their lives in a terrible battle against 22 people, this movie has a length of almost 2 and a half hours, a very good Soundtrack and one of the best Jennifer Lawrence’s performance ever.

I highly recommend watching this movie if you are so into Action films and you like to feel like you are inside the character’s skin.

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Set in a future age, after a terrible war that began because of the rebellion of some districts, the President Coriolanus Snow has submitted the people splitting them up on 12 districts. Concentration camps where the people lives on extreme poverty and as a punishment, the totalitarian government created “The Hunger Games”, where each district has to send a man and a woman from 12 years old and up, randomly selected, to participate in a deathmatch where the Last man standing wins.

The selection is called “The harvest” and the selected people are known as “tributes”. Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence), the film’s main character, offers as a tribute when her little sister, Primrose Everdeen is selected for the slaughter, the selected man is Peeta Mellark (Josh Hutcherson), they are sent to the capital where the Slaughter takes place.

The movie has a really good plot that involves violence and keeps you at the edge of the seat while the characters are risking their lives in a terrible battle against 22 people, this movie has a length of almost 2 and a half hours, a very good Soundtrack and one of the best Jennifer Lawrence’s performance ever.

I highly recommend watching this movie if you are so into Action films and you like to feel like you are inside the character’s skin.

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THE IMPOSSIBLE
The film was made in 2020, directed by Juan Antonio Banyona.
The film is made in Spain, the United States, the film is based on real events.
The film talks about the reality of the one that is passing the world, speaks about one of the earthquakes, in this case it is the Tsunami and it leaves us a teaching that is the always be prepared for these cases.
This film as I remember it is based on real events, the movie THE IMPOSSIBLE, talks about a situation to which many people are afraid; the famous Tsunamis; talks about a family (Maria, Henry, their children, Lucas, Simon and Thomas) were traveling for a walk, they were going to spend Christmas to another place out of the ordinary, a few days after they arrived, they were enjoying the pool and it is there when the drama of this film begins, Mary was reading a book and Henry with the children playing inside the pool, when the tsunami decided to appear. It ended with everything, the hotel in which they were staying was totally destroyed, the family met and tried to help the other people but it was impossible, so they continued, between that another tsunami reappeared and made the family separated, Mary remained with one of her children and Henry with her other two, so the days go by, they try to survive, they look for each other, they go hungry, their deep wounds bleed, they get hurt more and more until they find a health site , they go to him and finally one day of the many that were sought were found, finally they went back home, they exchanged their Christmas presents and from there they learned the importance of always being prepared for cases like these.

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THE IMPOSSIBLE
The film was made in 2020, directed by Juan Antonio Banyona.
The film is made in Spain, the United States, the film is based on real events.
The film talks about the reality of the one that is passing the world, speaks about one of the earthquakes, in this case it is the Tsunami and it leaves us a teaching that is the always be prepared for these cases.
This film as I remember it is based on real events, the movie THE IMPOSSIBLE, talks about a situation to which many people are afraid; the famous Tsunamis; talks about a family (Maria, Henry, their children, Lucas, Simon and Thomas) were traveling for a walk, they were going to spend Christmas to another place out of the ordinary, a few days after they arrived, they were enjoying the pool and it is there when the drama of this film begins, Mary was reading a book and Henry with the children playing inside the pool, when the tsunami decided to appear. It ended with everything, the hotel in which they were staying was totally destroyed, the family met and tried to help the other people but it was impossible, so they continued, between that another tsunami reappeared and made the family separated, Mary remained with one of her children and Henry with her other two, so the days go by, they try to survive, they look for each other, they go hungry, their deep wounds bleed, they get hurt more and more until they find a health site , they go to him and finally one day of the many that were sought were found, finally they went back home, they exchanged their Christmas presents and from there they learned the importance of always being prepared for cases like these.

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The kissing booth – summarize

The kissing booth is one of the best comedy and romance films that is innovating. it premiered on May eleven , 2020, starring Joey King as Elle Evans, Joel Courtney as Lee Flynn and finally Jacob Elordi as Noah Flynn. This film is directed for young people from the age of thirteen. The director of this film is called Vince Marcello.

Elle Evans is sixteen years old, a high school student who has tried but never been kissed. for a fundraiser Elle and Lee put a kissing booth without imagining that she would end up kissing noah the most popular and handsome boy in his school. they realize that they like each other, they get involved in a secret romance, since Noah is nothing less than Lee’s older brother his best friend of all childhood, Elle is going to have to decide between having Lee’s friendship or following her heart .

For me it is so far the best movie I’ve seen of romance, I love it is a movie that you can see a thousand times and you will not get tired of watching it. I love this movie very much, apart from the fact that it brings a bit of comedy, it also has its side It is romantic for me the perfect combination.

I give five stars to the kissing booth

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The kissing booth – summarize

The kissing booth is one of the best comedy and romance films that is innovating. it premiered on May eleven , 2020, starring Joey King as Elle Evans, Joel Courtney as Lee Flynn and finally Jacob Elordi as Noah Flynn. This film is directed for young people from the age of thirteen. The director of this film is called Vince Marcello.

Elle Evans is sixteen years old, a high school student who has tried but never been kissed. for a fundraiser Elle and Lee put a kissing booth without imagining that she would end up kissing noah the most popular and handsome boy in his school. they realize that they like each other, they get involved in a secret romance, since Noah is nothing less than Lee’s older brother his best friend of all childhood, Elle is going to have to decide between having Lee’s friendship or following her heart .

For me it is so far the best movie I’ve seen of romance, I love it is a movie that you can see a thousand times and you will not get tired of watching it. I love this movie very much, apart from the fact that it brings a bit of comedy, it also has its side It is romantic for me the perfect combination.

I give five stars to the kissing booth

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Ghost rider is my favorite movie because I love Marvel. During my childhood, my cousin Yhan Carlos and I really loved this movie and this makes me remember the great and old times.

Well, this movie is pretty good but is much better the second release of it is better than the first one. I don’t think this movie is for everybody but well this kind of movies are better when you have never been seeing the comic or another topic and we got to count the great cinematic and the fighting scenes.

The director of this movie was Mark Steven Johnson and the main actor was Nicolas Cage and it got 5.2 stars on www.imdb.com and the box office was around 228.7 million USD.

Remember that everybody has their own preferences and I hope to enjoy this reading.

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Ghost rider is my favorite movie because I love Marvel. During my childhood, my cousin Yhan Carlos and I really loved this movie and this makes me remember the great and old times.

Well, this movie is pretty good but is much better the second release of it is better than the first one. I don’t think this movie is for everybody but well this kind of movies are better when you have never been seeing the comic or another topic and we got to count the great cinematic and the fighting scenes.

The director of this movie was Mark Steven Johnson and the main actor was Nicolas Cage and it got 5.2 stars on www.imdb.com and the box office was around 228.7 million USD.

Remember that everybody has their own preferences and I hope to enjoy this reading.

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Mission impossible 6
Its premiere date was July 26, 2020 and directed by Christopher McQuarrie.
It is developed in Paris and its main protagonist is the agent Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) who develops his role very well in the film. He has a great performance in the skills to handle all types of vehicles, which would certainly give him five stars.
The film is about researchers who try not to allow two shipments of plutonium to avoid a catastrophe. It has a very unexpected end.
This highly recommended by me, if you like action and suspense is the correct film.

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Mission impossible 6
Its premiere date was July 26, 2020 and directed by Christopher McQuarrie.
It is developed in Paris and its main protagonist is the agent Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) who develops his role very well in the film. He has a great performance in the skills to handle all types of vehicles, which would certainly give him five stars.
The film is about researchers who try not to allow two shipments of plutonium to avoid a catastrophe. It has a very unexpected end.
This highly recommended by me, if you like action and suspense is the correct film.

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Global icon Dwayne Johnson leads the cast of Skyscraper: Rescue At The Heights, as the former leader of the FBI Hostage Rescue Team and American war veteran Will Ford, who now assesses the safety of skyscrapers. On a mission in China, he finds the tallest and safest building in the world suddenly on fire, and has been accused of doing so. Will, a wanted man and fleeing, must find those responsible, clear his name and somehow rescue his family that is trapped inside the building . above the line of fire. Written and directed by Rawson Marshall Thurber (Central Intelligence, We’re the Millers), the 3D action thriller is produced by Beau Flynn (San Andreas, Baywatch), Johnson, Thurber and Hiram Garcia (San Andreas, Central Intelligence). The executive producers of Skyscraper are Dany Garcia (Baywatch, Ballers), Wendy Jacobson (San Andreas), Eric Hedayat (The Great Wall, Real Steel) and Eric McLeod (Kong: Skull Island, Pirates of the Caribbean series). The movie will be released by Universal Pictures.MI point of view esata pelucula is very good has a bit of adrenaline enough where we can observe the rescue of his family.

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Global icon Dwayne Johnson leads the cast of Skyscraper: Rescue At The Heights, as the former leader of the FBI Hostage Rescue Team and American war veteran Will Ford, who now assesses the safety of skyscrapers. On a mission in China, he finds the tallest and safest building in the world suddenly on fire, and has been accused of doing so. Will, a wanted man and fleeing, must find those responsible, clear his name and somehow rescue his family that is trapped inside the building . above the line of fire. Written and directed by Rawson Marshall Thurber (Central Intelligence, We’re the Millers), the 3D action thriller is produced by Beau Flynn (San Andreas, Baywatch), Johnson, Thurber and Hiram Garcia (San Andreas, Central Intelligence). The executive producers of Skyscraper are Dany Garcia (Baywatch, Ballers), Wendy Jacobson (San Andreas), Eric Hedayat (The Great Wall, Real Steel) and Eric McLeod (Kong: Skull Island, Pirates of the Caribbean series). The movie will be released by Universal Pictures.MI point of view esata pelucula is very good has a bit of adrenaline enough where we can observe the rescue of his family.

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Ant-Man and the Wasp.
I like superheroes movies, this movie was directed by Peyton Reed, its genre is categorized into action and adventure, comedy, science fiction and fantasy. The film is based on the Marvel Comics and was made in 2020. Ant-Man and the Wasp made the world premiere in Hollywood on June 25, 2020.
the main role is played by Paul Rudd who is Scott Ant-man he has a mission to work as a team with the Hope van Dyne (Wasp) who is played by Evangeline Lilly, the mission is to uncover secrets from their past. They are involved in a lot of adventures.
If you love superhero films you have to watch this movie.

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Ant-Man and the Wasp.
I like superheroes movies, this movie was directed by Peyton Reed, its genre is categorized into action and adventure, comedy, science fiction and fantasy. The film is based on the Marvel Comics and was made in 2020. Ant-Man and the Wasp made the world premiere in Hollywood on June 25, 2020.
the main role is played by Paul Rudd who is Scott Ant-man he has a mission to work as a team with the Hope van Dyne (Wasp) who is played by Evangeline Lilly, the mission is to uncover secrets from their past. They are involved in a lot of adventures.
If you love superhero films you have to watch this movie.

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PIRATES OF THE CARIBBEAN AT THE END OF THE WORLD (2007)
Pirates of the Caribbean at the end of the world is a film directed by pirates Gore Verbinski is the third film in the saga of pirates of the Caribbean that solves many icognitas that left us PIRATES OF THE CARIBBEAN DEAD MAN’S CHEST.
The film is directed for over thirteen years and is directed by Walt Disney. It has protagonists Johnny Depp (Jack Sparrow), Orlando Bloom (Will Turner), Keira Knightley (Elizabeth Swann), Geoffrey Rush (Hector Barbossa); was made in 2007 followed by his prequel in 2006. He won the People’s Choice Award for Favorite Film, Best Comedy, Favorite Movie Actor among others.
After the supposed death of Jack Sparrow at the hands of the Kraken, the other pirates find out that they actually sent him to the domain of Davy Jones where only dead people arrive, Barbossa meets an old friend Sao Feng.
They needed to find Jack since they needed the 9 pirate lords to gather them into something called the Brotherhood Court. meanwhile Lord Beckett got the heart of Davy Jones thanks to James Norrington and orders Jones to destroy all the ships that have to do with piracy and leave some crew alive to interrogate him. After they arrived at the domain of Davy Jones thanks to the Navigation Cards, it turned out to be Will’s plan to get the black pearl and save his father but it did not turn out very well since he was also betrayed. This and much more you will find when you enter to watch this movie.
In my opinion the movie was very good, I was left with questions after seeing how Jack sacrificed himself in the second movie, it is interesting and very striking to see how they showed the corpse of Barbossa for a few seconds in the second movie, I loved it and It is highly recommended

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PIRATES OF THE CARIBBEAN AT THE END OF THE WORLD (2007)
Pirates of the Caribbean at the end of the world is a film directed by pirates Gore Verbinski is the third film in the saga of pirates of the Caribbean that solves many icognitas that left us PIRATES OF THE CARIBBEAN DEAD MAN’S CHEST.
The film is directed for over thirteen years and is directed by Walt Disney. It has protagonists Johnny Depp (Jack Sparrow), Orlando Bloom (Will Turner), Keira Knightley (Elizabeth Swann), Geoffrey Rush (Hector Barbossa); was made in 2007 followed by his prequel in 2006. He won the People’s Choice Award for Favorite Film, Best Comedy, Favorite Movie Actor among others.
After the supposed death of Jack Sparrow at the hands of the Kraken, the other pirates find out that they actually sent him to the domain of Davy Jones where only dead people arrive, Barbossa meets an old friend Sao Feng.
They needed to find Jack since they needed the 9 pirate lords to gather them into something called the Brotherhood Court. meanwhile Lord Beckett got the heart of Davy Jones thanks to James Norrington and orders Jones to destroy all the ships that have to do with piracy and leave some crew alive to interrogate him. After they arrived at the domain of Davy Jones thanks to the Navigation Cards, it turned out to be Will’s plan to get the black pearl and save his father but it did not turn out very well since he was also betrayed. This and much more you will find when you enter to watch this movie.
In my opinion the movie was very good, I was left with questions after seeing how Jack sacrificed himself in the second movie, it is interesting and very striking to see how they showed the corpse of Barbossa for a few seconds in the second movie, I loved it and It is highly recommended

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Deadpool 2 (action-fantastic-comedy)

“A small but interesting opinion”

For starters, I would recommend the movie to people who like comedy since the main character “Deadpool” played by Ryan Reynolds draws a smile almost with anything that says, somehow, gives his charm to the movie. I do not consider it a suitable film for children under 16 since it uses fairly vulgar language, rough and not so educational.

The director of the film David Leitch is, coordinator of scenes of risk, director of second unit, specialist of cinema, producer and American actor. Among the main actors in the film are “Ryan Reynolds” playing “Deadpool,” “Zazie Beetz” as “Domino”, “Josh Brolin” as “Cable” among others, the film premiered on May 15, 2020 with more than 733.1 million USD in earnings, “Ryan Reynolds” won an MTV Movie Awards for Best Comedy Performance, the movie “Deadpool” won a Teen Choice Awards for the Film of Choice: Action, among his awards won are the Film Critic Awards as chosen Film: Best Comedy Film and “Ryan Reynolds” winning as the chosen Film: Best actor in a comedy.

“Cable” came from the future to avoid the greatest tragedy in his life, so he wanted to kill the culprit of what will happen, before it happens. But in the middle of his way he meets the comic “Deadpool” with which he confronts him thus preventing “Cable” from fulfilling the purpose of his trip. Then an alliance between these two characters happens, in order to beat an unexpected and very strong character, who will it be?

I think it’s an exciting movie, very funny, very good actors, good story and denouement, with a very good and entertaining soundtrack, what seems to me most highlighted in the film, is the comedy, because that is what makes it more Entertaining and fun, with its slightly vulgar language is created and transmitted that charm generated by the comic “superhero” Deadpool. I give it a rating of 4 and a half stars out of 5, I thought it was a great movie. Thanks for your attention.

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Deadpool 2 (action-fantastic-comedy)

“A small but interesting opinion”

For starters, I would recommend the movie to people who like comedy since the main character “Deadpool” played by Ryan Reynolds draws a smile almost with anything that says, somehow, gives his charm to the movie. I do not consider it a suitable film for children under 16 since it uses fairly vulgar language, rough and not so educational.

The director of the film David Leitch is, coordinator of scenes of risk, director of second unit, specialist of cinema, producer and American actor. Among the main actors in the film are “Ryan Reynolds” playing “Deadpool,” “Zazie Beetz” as “Domino”, “Josh Brolin” as “Cable” among others, the film premiered on May 15, 2020 with more than 733.1 million USD in earnings, “Ryan Reynolds” won an MTV Movie Awards for Best Comedy Performance, the movie “Deadpool” won a Teen Choice Awards for the Film of Choice: Action, among his awards won are the Film Critic Awards as chosen Film: Best Comedy Film and “Ryan Reynolds” winning as the chosen Film: Best actor in a comedy.

“Cable” came from the future to avoid the greatest tragedy in his life, so he wanted to kill the culprit of what will happen, before it happens. But in the middle of his way he meets the comic “Deadpool” with which he confronts him thus preventing “Cable” from fulfilling the purpose of his trip. Then an alliance between these two characters happens, in order to beat an unexpected and very strong character, who will it be?

I think it’s an exciting movie, very funny, very good actors, good story and denouement, with a very good and entertaining soundtrack, what seems to me most highlighted in the film, is the comedy, because that is what makes it more Entertaining and fun, with its slightly vulgar language is created and transmitted that charm generated by the comic “superhero” Deadpool. I give it a rating of 4 and a half stars out of 5, I thought it was a great movie. Thanks for your attention.

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Spirit
Spirit is a film of an indomitable horse and its crossing that when captured by a few tamers makes it possible to get rid of and not be tamed, until an Indian arrives who seemed not very friendly but with whom over the days he empathized until he could rid of the bad guys. Mischief, suffering, love, rebellion and other emotions that together with spirit: the indomitable steed we have
This movie is one of my favorites because I’ve seen it since I was little. It is Directed by Kelly Asbury and Lorna Cook, with the voices of great actors like Matt Damon and James Cromwell; I give it 5 stars for its entertainment and despite being a movie that several years ago came out has some very good graphics and the soundtrack is very good, the lyrics of the songs still make me cry, in order I recommend it 100%

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Spirit
Spirit is a film of an indomitable horse and its crossing that when captured by a few tamers makes it possible to get rid of and not be tamed, until an Indian arrives who seemed not very friendly but with whom over the days he empathized until he could rid of the bad guys. Mischief, suffering, love, rebellion and other emotions that together with spirit: the indomitable steed we have
This movie is one of my favorites because I’ve seen it since I was little. It is Directed by Kelly Asbury and Lorna Cook, with the voices of great actors like Matt Damon and James Cromwell; I give it 5 stars for its entertainment and despite being a movie that several years ago came out has some very good graphics and the soundtrack is very good, the lyrics of the songs still make me cry, in order I recommend it 100%

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MAZE RUNNER:
Maze runner is a very good movie but it lacks a lot to be like the books where things happen in the film, it seems that dylan o’brien did a good job with his role as he played his character very well, WillPoulter with its striking and indesifrases eyebrows showed a hatred towards Thomas who is the protagonist of this film because he was special he saw things that others do not.In this film shows how the world ended in a desert thanks to a solar flare which produced a disease. In the labelmritos where experiments were made where they are Thomas, Newt, Gally, Minho, Teresa, Sarten and Alby where they lived.

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MAZE RUNNER:
Maze runner is a very good movie but it lacks a lot to be like the books where things happen in the film, it seems that dylan o’brien did a good job with his role as he played his character very well, WillPoulter with its striking and indesifrases eyebrows showed a hatred towards Thomas who is the protagonist of this film because he was special he saw things that others do not.In this film shows how the world ended in a desert thanks to a solar flare which produced a disease. In the labelmritos where experiments were made where they are Thomas, Newt, Gally, Minho, Teresa, Sarten and Alby where they lived.

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AMELIE (2001)
Jean-Pierre Jeunet’s “Amelie” is a delicious pastry of a movie, a lighthearted fantasy in which a winsome heroine overcomes a sad childhood and grows up to bring cheer to the needful and joy to herself. You see it, and later when you think about it, you smile. Audrey Tautou, a fresh-faced waif who looks like she knows a secret and can’t keep it, plays the title role, as a little girl who grows up starving for affection. Her father, a doctor, gives her no hugs or kisses and touches her only during checkups–which makes her heart beat so fast he thinks she is sickly. Her mother dies as the result of a successful suicide leap off the towers of Notre Dame, a statement which reveals less of the plot than you think it does.

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AMELIE (2001)
Jean-Pierre Jeunet’s “Amelie” is a delicious pastry of a movie, a lighthearted fantasy in which a winsome heroine overcomes a sad childhood and grows up to bring cheer to the needful and joy to herself. You see it, and later when you think about it, you smile. Audrey Tautou, a fresh-faced waif who looks like she knows a secret and can’t keep it, plays the title role, as a little girl who grows up starving for affection. Her father, a doctor, gives her no hugs or kisses and touches her only during checkups–which makes her heart beat so fast he thinks she is sickly. Her mother dies as the result of a successful suicide leap off the towers of Notre Dame, a statement which reveals less of the plot than you think it does.

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The book Thief
Narrated by the angel of death
At that time, when the Nazis invaded Germany, 2 little brothers were given up for adoption, one of them dies, and only Liesel remains, who did not know how to read or write, that is why he suffered many ridicule at his school, it was his father; who night after night helped her in her apprenticeship, she had a friend named Rudy with whom she made careers from school to her home. Her mother, who was a very rough lady, had to face a difficult situation that made her start being a more tender and loving person, because her husband was called to the civilian troops to fight, some time later a young Jewish man arrived who sheltered in his house from the danger that they would find him, from the cold and death. little expected but with great surprises a film inspired by the family, in the second world war and a time full of much suffering, without criticism for me

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The book Thief
Narrated by the angel of death
At that time, when the Nazis invaded Germany, 2 little brothers were given up for adoption, one of them dies, and only Liesel remains, who did not know how to read or write, that is why he suffered many ridicule at his school, it was his father; who night after night helped her in her apprenticeship, she had a friend named Rudy with whom she made careers from school to her home. Her mother, who was a very rough lady, had to face a difficult situation that made her start being a more tender and loving person, because her husband was called to the civilian troops to fight, some time later a young Jewish man arrived who sheltered in his house from the danger that they would find him, from the cold and death. little expected but with great surprises a film inspired by the family, in the second world war and a time full of much suffering, without criticism for me

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Matrix(199)
A cyber sci-fi blowout of wetware-boggling visual effects and advanced comic book storytelling, Warner Bros.’ The Matrix will open mightily and have a wide-open month to become early 1999’s biggest hit.Word-of-mouth will be giddy, with young and mature males lining up for a technologically stunning movie that furthers the genre and features crowd-pleasing performances to go with the frequent scenes of gunplay and violence. Kudos to the writing and directing team of Larry and Andy Wachowski — who debuted impressively with the small-scale, tightly wound Bound — for fashioning a brain-twisting, eye-popping thriller that recalls The Terminator, Total Recall and Stanislaw Lem’s great novel The Futurological Congress. The lead character played by Keanu Reeves discovers that everyday reality is a computer-created illusion and that future humans are locked in an epic struggle with intelligent machines. Opening with an explosive sequence in which a leather-clad woman named Trinity (Carrie-Anne Moss) with amazing leaping and fighting abilities is chased by cops and scary men in suits, Matrix is an adrenaline rush from the start and pushes the envelope in stylish, inspired action sequences. But the characters are not forgotten or secondary, and many of the best moments belong to the actors. A loner with a cyber-identity, Neo (Reeves) lives in a metropolis of the near future and through Trinity he’s warned that “they” are after him. “They” are the men in suits, led by Agent Smith (Hugo Weaving), who nab defiant but naive Neo at his work and insert a metallic bug in him, hoping he will lead them to the mysterious Morpheus (Laurence Fishburne).But Morpheus and his comrades get to him swiftly, remove the bug and offer Neo the chance to join them, though by the nature of the situation he doesn’t know what awaits him. Speaking cryptically about the “truth,” Morpheus says he must choose to take a journey like Lewis Carroll’s Alice, one with irreversible consequences to his understanding of reality. So Neo takes the plunge and the movie takes a big leap conceptually when it’s revealed that the story is actually taking place hundreds of years from now when humans have lost a globally catastrophic war against machines created by artificial intelligence programs run amok. Vat-bound humans are bred by the machines to provide power, with each “battery” hooked up to the Matrix, a virtual construct that resembles Earth as we more or less know it.Morpheus, Trinity and Cypher (Joe Pantoliano) are rebels who have unplugged themselves from the Matrix and sought out Neo because “he’s the one” prophesied by the “oracle.” Neo might just be able to defeat the machines. Absorbing when it isn’t going a little overboard — like it does during a John Woo-like gun battle in a lobby — Matrix has several super kung fu sequences, including use of Hong Kong-style wirestunt work and what the Wachowskis have dubbed “bullet-time photography” or “Flow-Mo,” an awesome physics-defying effect inspired by Japanese anime. Reeves is good as the somewhat fragile but adaptable hero. Fishburne is savvy casting as Neo’s guide and protector, and Moss and Pantoliano also are impressive. But the big scene stealer is Weaving as the relentless opponent and embodiment of the Matrix’s creators. His deadpan delivery and ultra-serious demeanor is chipped away with growing frustration, and the Australian contributes much of the film’s nervous humor.

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Matrix(199)
A cyber sci-fi blowout of wetware-boggling visual effects and advanced comic book storytelling, Warner Bros.’ The Matrix will open mightily and have a wide-open month to become early 1999’s biggest hit.Word-of-mouth will be giddy, with young and mature males lining up for a technologically stunning movie that furthers the genre and features crowd-pleasing performances to go with the frequent scenes of gunplay and violence. Kudos to the writing and directing team of Larry and Andy Wachowski — who debuted impressively with the small-scale, tightly wound Bound — for fashioning a brain-twisting, eye-popping thriller that recalls The Terminator, Total Recall and Stanislaw Lem’s great novel The Futurological Congress. The lead character played by Keanu Reeves discovers that everyday reality is a computer-created illusion and that future humans are locked in an epic struggle with intelligent machines. Opening with an explosive sequence in which a leather-clad woman named Trinity (Carrie-Anne Moss) with amazing leaping and fighting abilities is chased by cops and scary men in suits, Matrix is an adrenaline rush from the start and pushes the envelope in stylish, inspired action sequences. But the characters are not forgotten or secondary, and many of the best moments belong to the actors. A loner with a cyber-identity, Neo (Reeves) lives in a metropolis of the near future and through Trinity he’s warned that “they” are after him. “They” are the men in suits, led by Agent Smith (Hugo Weaving), who nab defiant but naive Neo at his work and insert a metallic bug in him, hoping he will lead them to the mysterious Morpheus (Laurence Fishburne).But Morpheus and his comrades get to him swiftly, remove the bug and offer Neo the chance to join them, though by the nature of the situation he doesn’t know what awaits him. Speaking cryptically about the “truth,” Morpheus says he must choose to take a journey like Lewis Carroll’s Alice, one with irreversible consequences to his understanding of reality. So Neo takes the plunge and the movie takes a big leap conceptually when it’s revealed that the story is actually taking place hundreds of years from now when humans have lost a globally catastrophic war against machines created by artificial intelligence programs run amok. Vat-bound humans are bred by the machines to provide power, with each “battery” hooked up to the Matrix, a virtual construct that resembles Earth as we more or less know it.Morpheus, Trinity and Cypher (Joe Pantoliano) are rebels who have unplugged themselves from the Matrix and sought out Neo because “he’s the one” prophesied by the “oracle.” Neo might just be able to defeat the machines. Absorbing when it isn’t going a little overboard — like it does during a John Woo-like gun battle in a lobby — Matrix has several super kung fu sequences, including use of Hong Kong-style wirestunt work and what the Wachowskis have dubbed “bullet-time photography” or “Flow-Mo,” an awesome physics-defying effect inspired by Japanese anime. Reeves is good as the somewhat fragile but adaptable hero. Fishburne is savvy casting as Neo’s guide and protector, and Moss and Pantoliano also are impressive. But the big scene stealer is Weaving as the relentless opponent and embodiment of the Matrix’s creators. His deadpan delivery and ultra-serious demeanor is chipped away with growing frustration, and the Australian contributes much of the film’s nervous humor.

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Rocky Balboa (2006)
Rocky Balboa is an American dramatic film, this film is written, starred and directed by the talented actor Sylvester Stallone.
This is the sixth installment of the Rocky saga, where Rocky Balboa has long been retired from the fights in the Ring has returned to his old city Philadelphia where he owns a famous restaurant, while in the world of professional boxing the champion Mason Dixon he is not so loved by the fans of this sport because of his light and boring fights. Dixon is aware that there is no boxer that will fit him at least one round and to get the public’s fans will need new challenges. The sports media simulated a computer fight between Rocky Balboa and Mason Dixon which Dixon wins by KO, Dixon does not pay much attention to this but it does call a lot of attention from the fans, this makes his representative Lucky talk to Balboa for a fight with Dixonlo which Rocky accepts the challenge to prove to himself that he can fight again for what he asks for the license to box, which was rejected first, but soon after it was accepted, Rocky also talks with his son Robert, who he resigns from his job and is reconciled with his father, to accompany him during his training and final combat.
Rocky travels to Las Vegas with his old friend Paulie, his coach Tony Evans, his son Robert and the son of a girl he met in Philadelphia, where they were going to pre-inscribe one of boxing’s best fights.

The movie is very good I think it’s one of the best that Sylvester Stallone has done for his great performance and the great story that takes place in the movie,
It is also a movie that has anyone who likes sports would call attention because it brings motivating messages for life. One of them is when Rocky tells his son “the world is not sun and pink clouds, it is a world bad and wild and it does not matter how rough you are, you will be on your knees and if you leave it neither you nor I will beat as hard as life but no matter how hard you do it matters how hard you resist and keep moving forward.

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Rocky Balboa (2006)
Rocky Balboa is an American dramatic film, this film is written, starred and directed by the talented actor Sylvester Stallone.
This is the sixth installment of the Rocky saga, where Rocky Balboa has long been retired from the fights in the Ring has returned to his old city Philadelphia where he owns a famous restaurant, while in the world of professional boxing the champion Mason Dixon he is not so loved by the fans of this sport because of his light and boring fights. Dixon is aware that there is no boxer that will fit him at least one round and to get the public’s fans will need new challenges. The sports media simulated a computer fight between Rocky Balboa and Mason Dixon which Dixon wins by KO, Dixon does not pay much attention to this but it does call a lot of attention from the fans, this makes his representative Lucky talk to Balboa for a fight with Dixonlo which Rocky accepts the challenge to prove to himself that he can fight again for what he asks for the license to box, which was rejected first, but soon after it was accepted, Rocky also talks with his son Robert, who he resigns from his job and is reconciled with his father, to accompany him during his training and final combat.
Rocky travels to Las Vegas with his old friend Paulie, his coach Tony Evans, his son Robert and the son of a girl he met in Philadelphia, where they were going to pre-inscribe one of boxing’s best fights.

The movie is very good I think it’s one of the best that Sylvester Stallone has done for his great performance and the great story that takes place in the movie,
It is also a movie that has anyone who likes sports would call attention because it brings motivating messages for life. One of them is when Rocky tells his son “the world is not sun and pink clouds, it is a world bad and wild and it does not matter how rough you are, you will be on your knees and if you leave it neither you nor I will beat as hard as life but no matter how hard you do it matters how hard you resist and keep moving forward.

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A SILENT VOICE (2020)

The effects of bullying at an early age and all the responsibility that comes with recanting when karma returns are one of the things that Shouko Nishimiya and Shoya Ishida will live with their friends. The main characters will embark on a journey to reconciliation with themselves and the people around them, who despite the years, have been affected by their actions.

This third film by the young and successful director Naoko Yamada, runs literally the story of the homonymous manga “Koe No Katachi” by Yoshitoki Oima. The animation was in charge of Kyoto Animation and the soundtrack was performed by Kensuke Oshio and his team, although the movie has great eloquence with the song “My generation” of The Who.

This film with 2 hours and 10 minutes duration, is a drama made in a school environment and clearly shows the results of the bullying at an early age that Shouko Nishimiya (played with the voice of Saori Hayumi) suffered in his first years of school life. part of his classmates for having a hearing disability.

The movie manages to move fibers, because apart from looking to entertain, wants to make the audience aware of their actions and words, and so it may not seem, these two factors have great impact on the lives of others. Naoko Yamada (director) explained that the intention of this film was to show young people the concern of society for the stereotypes imposed by a “perfect” person

The animation is magnificent but somehow the biggest drawback is the rate of succession of the events, since it exceeds the slowness and sometimes results in the scenes, its 130 minutes could decrease without damaging the plot of the story

It was released in Japan on September 17, 2020 but it premiered in Hispanic America on March 16 of this year, as a proposal for a solution to suicide.

  • Log in or register to post comments

A SILENT VOICE (2020)

The effects of bullying at an early age and all the responsibility that comes with recanting when karma returns are one of the things that Shouko Nishimiya and Shoya Ishida will live with their friends. The main characters will embark on a journey to reconciliation with themselves and the people around them, who despite the years, have been affected by their actions.

This third film by the young and successful director Naoko Yamada, runs literally the story of the homonymous manga “Koe No Katachi” by Yoshitoki Oima. The animation was in charge of Kyoto Animation and the soundtrack was performed by Kensuke Oshio and his team, although the movie has great eloquence with the song “My generation” of The Who.

This film with 2 hours and 10 minutes duration, is a drama made in a school environment and clearly shows the results of the bullying at an early age that Shouko Nishimiya (played with the voice of Saori Hayumi) suffered in his first years of school life. part of his classmates for having a hearing disability.

The movie manages to move fibers, because apart from looking to entertain, wants to make the audience aware of their actions and words, and so it may not seem, these two factors have great impact on the lives of others. Naoko Yamada (director) explained that the intention of this film was to show young people the concern of society for the stereotypes imposed by a “perfect” person

The animation is magnificent but somehow the biggest drawback is the rate of succession of the events, since it exceeds the slowness and sometimes results in the scenes, its 130 minutes could decrease without damaging the plot of the story

It was released in Japan on September 17, 2020 but it premiered in Hispanic America on March 16 of this year, as a proposal for a solution to suicide.

At the Same Time: Essays and Speeches

“A writer is someone who pays attention to the world,” Susan Sontag said in her 2003 acceptance speech for the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, and no one exemplified this definition more than she. Sontag’s incisive intelligence, expressive brilliance, and deep curiosity about art, politics, and the writer’s responsibility to bear witness have secured her place as one “A writer is someone who pays attention to the world,” Susan Sontag said in her 2003 acceptance speech for the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, and no one exemplified this definition more than she. Sontag’s incisive intelligence, expressive brilliance, and deep curiosity about art, politics, and the writer’s responsibility to bear witness have secured her place as one of the most important thinkers and writers of the twentieth century. At the Same Time gathers sixteen essays and addresses written in the last years of Sontag’s life, when her work was being honored on the international stage, that reflect on the personally liberating nature of literature, her deepest commitment, and on political activism and resistance to injustice as an ethical duty. She considers the works of writers from the little-known Soviet novelist Leonid Tsypkin, who struggled and eventually succeeded in publishing his only book days before his death; to the greats, such as Nadine Gordimer, who enlarge our capacity for moral judgment. Sontag also fearlessly addresses the dilemmas of post-9/11 America, from the degradation of our political rhetoric to the appalling torture of prisoners in Abu Ghraib.

At the Same Time, which includes a foreword by her son, David Rieff, is a passionate, compelling work from an American writer at the height of her powers, who always saw literature “as a passport to enter a larger life, the zone of freedom.” . more

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I really enjoyed this book.

I think the best part is the first section. I particularly liked the essays about Victor Serge and Anna Banti.

The section on 9/11 and its aftermath was also powerful.

I found the speeches uneven but definitely worthwhile.

If truth is light I think this book should glow in the dark.

A brilliant 4.5 stars!

I don’t really remember how I heard about Susan Sontag except it was in one of my bookish whatsapp groups (umm yeah, they exist, I am a part of two). And I tucked it away in the back of my mind. On my visit to the library a couple of months back, I stumbled upon ‘In America’ by her but the title didn’t interest me much. What did I have to do with America anyhow? And I put it back on the shelf.

And then I came across this book by Sontag on my recent library visit. I A brilliant 4.5 stars!

I don’t really remember how I heard about Susan Sontag except it was in one of my bookish whatsapp groups (umm yeah, they exist, I am a part of two). And I tucked it away in the back of my mind. On my visit to the library a couple of months back, I stumbled upon ‘In America’ by her but the title didn’t interest me much. What did I have to do with America anyhow? And I put it back on the shelf.

And then I came across this book by Sontag on my recent library visit. I contemplated keeping it back. I wasn’t sure if I was in the mood for essays (I usually never am. Those were things written and memorized in school and never read again.) but I decided to bring it home. It sat beside my bed while I read fictional works I had issued. And finally I decided to atleast get a flavor of what it was about. The introduction by Sontag’s son, Davie Rieff piqued my curiosity. And thereafter I didn’t look back, turning page upon page until I devoured it, albeit a bit slow in the beginning and faster at the end.

It was a brilliant read. I think I am in love with Sontag. And I deeply mourn her loss. I wish she was alive now. I am sure she would have so much to say about Trump’s win and the state of America now. She seems very vocal and unfazed by critics and people in the power. I admire her tenacity and bravado. We need more people like her.

My favorite essay in this book was on Pasternak, Tsvetayeva and Rilke. How she talks about their personal and professional lives giving us a peek into their private lives. Mesmerizing!

I deeply appreciate her insights into books, the lives of authors, political situations and almost everything under the sun. She’s well read, thorough in her research, and her writing just pulls you in and keeps you focused. I could feel the time she has taken in penning down each and every word. I totally am with her when she says not many writers today are knowledgeable. They don’t know about the world they reside in. I agree when she says it’s important as a writer to know what’s happening around.

Ah. The feeling. The aftertaste this book leaves in your mouth. You feel like just sitting for a while, letting it all sink in. To not let that get murky by reading another book. *Sigh*
. more

While not her best, it is alas, the last. It was helpful also to read the foreword to better understand the context of these essays and how truly heart breaking to read the lament that she wishes she had more time to write about what burned deep inside her.

Many, many wonderful “big ideas” broken down into tiny bits:

1. There is no final photograph.

2. Literature was freedom. Especially in a time in which the values of reading and inwardness are so strenuously challenged.

3. The likelihood that
While not her best, it is alas, the last. It was helpful also to read the foreword to better understand the context of these essays and how truly heart breaking to read the lament that she wishes she had more time to write about what burned deep inside her.

Many, many wonderful “big ideas” broken down into tiny bits:

1. There is no final photograph.

2. Literature was freedom. Especially in a time in which the values of reading and inwardness are so strenuously challenged.

3. The likelihood that your acts of resistance cannot stop the injustice does not exempt you from acting in what you sincerely and reflectively hold to be in the best interests of your community.

4. The greatest offense now, in matters both of the arts and of culture generally, not to mention political life, is to seem to be upholding some better, more exigent standard, which is attacked, both from the left and the right, as either naive or (a new banner for the philistines) “elitist.” . more

Sontag was a seriously smart woman. In these pieces she riffs wisely on beauty, politics, literature’s role, photography and modernity. She wasn’t a gritty writer; she was an elite thinker who adored life expressed through “high” culture. But she wasn’t scared to look evil and pain in the face and to confront it in a bold tone.

As a writer, I don’t strive to emulate Sontag; her ideas aren’t articulated as accessibly as they deserve to be. But I learn a lot from her nonetheless. Her writing leaves Sontag was a seriously smart woman. In these pieces she riffs wisely on beauty, politics, literature’s role, photography and modernity. She wasn’t a gritty writer; she was an elite thinker who adored life expressed through “high” culture. But she wasn’t scared to look evil and pain in the face and to confront it in a bold tone.

As a writer, I don’t strive to emulate Sontag; her ideas aren’t articulated as accessibly as they deserve to be. But I learn a lot from her nonetheless. Her writing leaves me wanting to read, learn, and experience the world more, and above all to write with both mind and heart fully engaged. . more

I’m embarrassed by and sorry for parts of what I initially wrote — left unedited, below — about At the Same Time. Mainly, I’m sorry for having insinuated that Susan Sontag was intentionally terse or worse unintentionally terse, and I’m especially sorry for having implied that such a criticism was my, and presumably should be your, main take away from her writing, specifically in the noted collection of essays. What a dumb thing to say on my part. My bad.

What I did say that I think remains I’m embarrassed by and sorry for parts of what I initially wrote — left unedited, below — about At the Same Time. Mainly, I’m sorry for having insinuated that Susan Sontag was intentionally terse or worse unintentionally terse, and I’m especially sorry for having implied that such a criticism was my, and presumably should be your, main take away from her writing, specifically in the noted collection of essays. What a dumb thing to say on my part. My bad.

What I did say that I think remains correct was that Susan Sontag and her writing belong to an exclusive category of work, a group for which entry to is gated not by snobbish, superficial, circular-framed-glasses wearing sycophants, but rather by the prerequisite passion and subsequent deep involvement in the world of literature. By the end of the book it was obvious to me, admittedly a novice in that world, that the adults were, in fact, having a conversation above my level of maturity. But hey, a kid’s gotta learn somehow.

Having done that housekeeping, moving on to a proper reaction: There are so many foundational, universal ideas about culture and ethics and morality in this book. Two essays in specific that floored me with their simultaneous sophistication, relevance, and flow: Literature is Freedom and the title essay At the Same Time: The Novelist and Moral Reasoning.

To summarize simplistically and sloppily in a few sentences: The project of literature is an ongoing, monolithic effort to crystalize, react to, and inspire society; a claim that’s couched in the explicit axiom that society is definable and that there are parts of it, of our behavior, of our participation in it that are more important than others. Literature is an attempt at defining that priority, and in doing so becomes a map and an escape both in the narrow, for individuals, from cultural vacuum, into vivid depth; but also in the broad, for the world at large, from disoriented chaos, into order.

Susan goes on to say so much more, starkly connecting different parts of what it is to be a human, to be a point of observation, and doing so with respect for all the various scales of expression that such a phenomenon expresses itself at (e.g. across time, within boundaries of specific space, as individuals, as cultures, as societies). Before her words, at least for me, these ideas seem to haphazardly float around the void of my head.

Thanks to her, and these works, the disparate has become more cohesive.

Original Notes On At the Same Time:

I’m only about 3/4 of the way through this, and will update when I finish, but I wanted to write a few things down while they’re still fresh.

Two things two start:

(1) I don’t think this is the best entry point to Suzan Sontag’s writing, which is hard for me to say given I haven’t read anything else of hers, so how would I know? But her reputation is so intense and interesting that I have to believe her other works are comparatively better. I think this, not so much because I’ve judged this book to be bad, per say; but because, having arbitrarily picked it up in a shop, excited by her name, I only found out afterwards that “At the Same Time” is a somewhat unedited amalgamation of various _unrelated_ speeches and essays. (The subtitle wasn’t printed on the spine of my edition.) And also, because some of those essays require a good amount of prerequisite knowledge, like her biographies of various Russian poets and other literary people.

(2) In addition, and this might be a consequence of me only just starting to passionately and frequently, as opposed to begrudgingly, read, as well as me being young — maybe I’m just too stupid to follow along when the adults in the room are speaking — but in some of these essays she writes as if the audience is already privy to what she’s thinking. The essay, “The Consciousness of Words” seems to be a big beautiful tangled spider web of thoughts. Every now and again you can see the larger pattern, and there are some wonderfully elegant ideas scattered about within it. But I can’t help but think she’s being dense, inelegant on purpose for the sake of getting one more precious, beautiful word on the page. That might be fun, but I don’t think it’s effective, which is ironic given the thesis of the essay. Maybe that’s just a stylistic thing, but personally I feel she could cut more deeply and been more impactful if she stripped down her prose and aimed at something more cohesive.

I also worry that _some_ of her audience might be blinded by a sort of emperor’s clothes situation, not understanding what they’ve read, but sufficiently impressed its architecture to assume the structure is sound and useful.

I’m not done with this book, and I’m certainly not done with Susan Sontag. There’s way, way more good than bad in here.

Английский язык 6 класс Учебник Афанасьева Михеева часть 2

,v curtain ^^iDalcony (circle) gallery . box «4Щ .a xo Ы . Л I If someone acts nr ^ild an^mll wiTh long horns – -.;Vat he or she is 4. Two speaks foolishly at the same time are . 5 A river ig oeoole born to one mother ar 6. A person who takes things a^^Tg stream is a . 7. If you cry at th\ 4V>>>3 * • – – ir a big stream of water oetwecxi — belonging to other people (who steals) is a top of your voice you . 8. Poets write .. Say how they earn their iiving. Example: A pilot flies a plane. A dressmaker makes dresses. 1. A pilot 2. ____ makes dresses. stage^ _ o™s’a .♦i*i*i*i** »I« Alice: writes for a newspaper, sells vegetables and fruit. 6. A doctor 7. A teacher 8. ___________ 9. _ Box-office clerk: Alice: Box-office clerk: writes novels, stories plays in a theatre. 10. A glove-maker 11. ______________ 12. _______________ makes shoes. plays professional football. Alice: Box-office Alice: Box-office Say: Alice: Box-office Isn’t there? Oh, sorry. My mistake. Then, I’d like to have two seats for Sunday. Would you like them in the stalls?^ Haven’t you got anything cheaper? Certainly. I’ve got some free seats in the dress circle^ and two seats in the gallery^ which are even cheaper. Are there any seats in the boxes?”* No, I’m afraid that’s all there is. Fine. How much are the seats in the dress circle? clerk: Would you like the third row? The seats there are £7.50 each. OK, I’ll take them. Here is £15. Thank you very much. clerk: There you are. I hope you will enjoy the performance. clerk: .♦.♦.♦I’ ►Wi , Xvl •XwJ уШ 1) when your parents last looked pleased; 2) why teachers often ask . their pupils “Act your agel”; 3) which of your friends comes to meet Make up your own dialogues replacing the underlined words, you at the exact time you expect him; 4) what people are called twins; 5) what questions you think are stupid; 6) what you usually LEX IIS REAO do to please your mother; 7) what faury tales about wicked witches you remember. a) Look at the picture of a theatre hall. What are the Russian equivalents for the words in the picture? b) Listen to the dialogue, 039, read it artistically and then learn it by heart. Alice: Are there any seats for Saturday night? Box-office clerk:^ There isn’t a performance on Saturday. Before you read the text think and say what you know about Wil liam Shakespeare. Do you know: — when and where he lived? — what he did to earn his living? — if he had a family? * ♦ 1 * in the stalls [stDilz] — в партере ^ in the dress circle [,dres’s3.kl] — в бельэтаже (первый ярус) а box-office clerk [‘boks ,Dfis’klcrk] — театральный кассир “ in the gallery [‘gaebn] — на галёрке “* in the boxes [boksiz] — в ложах *>ч«ч. ^ •=>* »I э ж: complete the sentences. Use the words from ex 10, ex. Ц. l.Aboyora gM ^ 3. If someone’act flike^a fool) we say that he or she is . SSe Ьогп?о”^1е mother at the same timejre^. . _5. A rive> m m Ш stream of w^ter between two . 6^ A person who takes Vhi;;: belonging to other people steal^) is a . 7. If you cry at th® top of your voice you . »• t”°ei;s wnie . how they earn their living. Example; A pilot flies a plane. A dressmaker makes dresses. A pilot A baker doctor teacher makes dresses. writes for a newspaper, sells vegetables and fruit. writes novels, stories, plays in a theatre. • « > ■Jii^Say: makes shoes. plays professional football. thp7r nlib 2) why teachers often ask twi^s people are called twins, 5) what questions you think are stupid; 6) what you usually Jou гелГ’ ^bout wicLd Ses equivalents for ^eatre hall. What are the Russian equivalents for the words m the picture? it^by heart? dialogue, ®39, read it artistically and then learn Alice: Box-office clerk:^ curtain ________balcony (circle) gallery , box •:*»s f there? Oh, sorry. My mistake. Then, I’d like to have two seats for Sunday. Box-office clerk: Would you like them in the stalls? ^ Alice: Haven’t you got anything cheaper? Box-office clerk: Certainly. I’ve got some free seats in the dress circle^ and two seats in the galleiw^ which are even cheaper. Alice: Are there any seats in the boxes?** Box-office clerk: No, I’m afraid that’s all there is. Alice: Fine. How much are the seats in the dress circle? Box-office clerk: Would you like the third row? The seats there are £7.50 each. Alice: OK, I’ll take them. Here is £15. Thank you very much. Box-office clerk: There you are. I hope you will enjoy the performance. Make up your own dialogues replacing the underlined words. УУ>Ш ууШ тй :>Ш| ■у>:ш W с* ■ !♦»: 4£Р Saturday night? There isn t a performance on Saturday. LET US READ Before you read the text think and say what you know about Wil liam Shakespeare. Do you know; — when and where he lived? — what he did to earn his living? — if he had a family? ‘ a box-office clerk [‘boks ,Dfis’Ышк] — * in the stalls [sto:lz] — в партере ^ in the dress circle [,dres’s3:kl] — в бельэтаже (первый ярус) 3 театральный кассир in the gallery [‘дгеЬп] ** in the boxes [boksiz] – – на галерке в ложах т т I К-: — why he became famous? — what monarch reigned in the country in those times? — when and where he died/ If you don’t know all the answers, read the text and find them. On April 23. 1564 a son, William, was born to John and Mary Shakespeare in Stratford-upon-Avon. His mother was the daughter of a farmer. His father was a glove-maker. William went to a grammar school in Stratford and had quite a good education. There he learned to love reading. While still a teenager, William married Anne Hathaway, a farmer’s daughter some years older than himself. We don t know how he earned his living during these early years, perhaps he helped his father in the family business. During these years his three children were born; Susannah [sui’zaena], the eldest, then twins — a son, Ham-net [‘hasmnit] (not Hamlet [haemlit]), and another girl, Judith [‘d3u:die]. In 1587 Shakespeare went to work in London, leaving Anne and the children at home. We don’t know exactly why he did it. Some people say that the reason was his love of poetry and theatre. But there is another story which says that he had to run away from law because he killed some deer belonging to a rich man. In London Shakespeare began to act and to write plays and soon became an important member of a well-known acting company. Most of his plays were performed in the new Globe Theatre built on the bank of the River Thames. In 1613 he stopped writing and went to live in Stratford where he died in 1616. Four hundred years later his plays are still acted — not only in England but in the whole world. THE ACTORS COME TO TOWN (from the book **William Shakespeare** by Jennifer Basset) is told by Will Shakespeare’s friend, Toby [’tsubi]. ® 40. Will married Anne Hathaway in November and she came to live in Henley [henli] Street. John Shakespeare was pleased that his oldest son was married but I don’t think Will’s mother wanted him to marry so young: Will was only eighteen All babies look the same to me but Will was very pleased with her. as ЫаиШЫ my eyes,” he said happily. “She’s going to be f as King Solomon.” I kn?w wfll’J S’ »bout their children.” I knew Will s wife Anne didn’t like me. To her, I was one of Will’s wi into trouble. She came from a very seri- •;• ous, A lot of church-going and no singing or danc- ;’ in^ Hut Will and I still went around together when we could. Soon was another baby on the way^ and one evening in :• February 1585 I hurried round to Henley Street to hear the news. ;• Will s sister, Joan, opened the door, and then Will came running ‘• down the stairs. ; said. “Twins! A girl and a boy. Isn’t that ;• wonderful! Will called the twins Hamnet and Judith. John Shake- * speare was very pleased to have his first grandson and everyone was ■! happy. For a while. Will was still reading and writing but he had changed. He was ■: twenty-three now and he was not happy with his life. Stratford’s too small, Toby,” he said. “Too slow. Too quiet. Too ^ boring. I’ve got to get away.” “Yes, but how?” I asked. “You’ve got a family — three young ! children, remember.” He didn’t answer. In the summer months companies of players often came to small ; towns and in 1587 five different companies came to Stratford. Will * and I always went to see the plays. Will loved to talk to the actors • and to listen to all their stories of London. The Queen’s Men came to Stratford in June and we went to see the play. I don’t remember what it was. I know that I laughed a lot, and that Will said it was a stupid play with not a word of poetry in it. “Why don’t you write a play yourself?” I asked him. “Write a play?” he laughed. “Anne will never speak to me again.” I didn’t say anything and Will looked at me and laughed again. It happened a few months later. I walked into the Shakespeares’ kitchen one evening and there was Anne with a red, angry face, shouting at the top of her voice. “How can you do this to me? And what about the children?” Then she saw me and stopped. Will was sitting at the table and looked pleased to see me. “I’ve told Anne,” he said quietly, “that I’m going to live in London. I want to be an actor and to write plays if I can.” “Plays!” screamed Anne. “Acting! Actors are dirty, wicked people! They’re all thieves and criminals! They drink all day and they never go to church . ” “Don’t be stupid, Anne. You know that’s not true. Listen. Г11 come home when I can but I must go to London. I can’t do anything in Stratford.” He looked at me across the room. “Are you coming with me, Toby?” “How soon shall we start?” I asked. ® Ш I m Ш Ш ^ puritan [‘pjuontan] — пуританский ^ soon there was another baby on the way — они ждали ещё одного ребёнка Q.a\i if it is true or fsise. * ‘ ^ in the 16th century. 2. Shakespeare’s fa 1. Shakespeare was born ^ j poorly ed^ucated, but Ьу?. ther was a ^b^-maker daughters. 5. In ig? reading. 4. William S • ^London. 6. William Shakespeare wrot! X Shakespeare wei^ to w ^ ^ ^ William Shakespeare never act- plays for the f°|e Theatre Stratford the last t^L ¥ died ™ti„. his last pla,. 10. v’ by Shakespeare are acted only in Brita . ^Get ready with test reading of Toby’s story (ex. 18, ® 40). rt^Read the last part of the text (ex. 18) beginning with the words ■^“fhe Quien’s Men came to Stratford in June” in reported speech, If LET US TALK Speak about Shakespeare’s married life in Stratford before he left for London. a) This is a list of some of Shakespeare’s great plays. Guess which of them are tragedies and which are comedies. Find out what these plays are called in Russian. I 1593 “The Comedy of Errors”^ 1600 “Twelfth Night” 1595 “Romeo and Juliet” 1601 “Hamlet” [‘гэитюи 3n'(feu:lj9t] 1603 “All’s Well That Ends 1596 “A Midsummer Night’s Well” Dream” 1604 “Othello” [эи’веЬи] 1597 “The Merchant^ of Venice” 1599 “Julius Caesar” 1600 “As You Like It” 1606 “King Lear” [Im] 1606 “Macbeth” [тэкЪев] Have you heard about any of these plays or read them or seen them at the theatre? Tell your friends about them. ^Shakespeare was born and spent a great part of his life in Strat- pictures of Stratford, use the infor-and act as a guide. Let groups ^ ^ tourists visiting Stratford. Work in small ^ an error [‘егэ] — ошибка ^ a merchant [‘maUjgnt] — купец Mary Arden’s house, three miles northwest of Stratford, Here lived Shakespeare’s mother. This is a typical farm house of the period. Shakespeare’s birthplace in Henley Street. John Shakespeare lived and kept his shop in this house. His eight children were born here. Two of them died young. This is the schoolroom where Shakespeare was educated, as many people believe. It is still in use. Anne Hathaway’s cottage, a mile from Stratford, where she was born in 1556 and lived until she married William Shakespeare in 1582. – е This is the place where the house in which Shakespeare died used to be It was a big Sui bought by William Shakespeare fo? ‘ bi4 family when he was still in London. Here he spent the last years of his life. Un- ‘ fortunately, the house was destroyed. This is the Holy Trinity Church^ where Shakespeare was buried. Visitors coming to Stratford admire the beauty of the church and honour his memory. It’s interesting that he died on his birthday, 23 April, ‘ 1616. Another memorial to William Shakespeare is the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. The present building was constructed in 1932. The first building was opened on Shakespeare’s birthday in 1879 and destroyed by fire in 1926. The bronze statue of Shakespeare, presented to Stratford by Lord Ronald Sutterland Gower [’даиэ] in 1888. Shakespeare’s figure is high above the ground, and on the ground there are small figures of Shakespeare’s famous characters. the Holy Trinity Church [дэ hauli ‘trimti ’tfsitj] — церковь Святой Троицы LET US WRITE Do ex, 7, ex, 8, ex, 9, ex. 13, ex. 14 in writing. 3. Use to where necessary. ^ going . read one of Shakespeare’s plays in school, I think the teacher said “Hamlet” or “Omelette” — I’m not sure. — She certainly wants you . read “Hamlet”. 2. Let us . visit Stratford on 23 April, that’s the day when Shakespeare was born. — I expect you . finish reading “Romeo and Juliet” by the end of January. I don’t think I will be able . finish the play so early. Don’t forget . visit Anne Hathaway’s cottage when you come to Stratford. — I would love . but I’m not sure we’ll have time . do it, I can’t read Shakespeare in the original, — Nobody expects you . do it. But you should . read at least some of his plays in Modern English. a) Look at the words again and get ready to write a spelling quiz on them. Ask your parent, relative or friend to dictate the words to you in Russian. Practise writing them in English. a glove-maker, a company, a teenager, a criminal, poetry, a twin, a deer, to please, pleased, stupid, a thief/thieves, to scream, wicked, wickedly, exact, exactly, to act, a law, a bank, to earn, a top, for a while ■—-^—- * ♦ ‘•TV b) Write the quiz. How many words did you write correctly? Are you pleased with your result? LET US LISTEN AND DISCUSS a) Make sure you know this word: to wave [weiv] — махать b) Listen to the recording, ®41, and say “true”, “false” or “not stated”. ; 1. Kevin lived in a small village on the bank of a river. 2. Kevin’s uncle lived in the country. 11 WAS Mr Ronald Smith. 3 Uncle beautiful poetry. 1 Kevin could write be t f ^ his village. 5. Uncle Rona d didn t к animals. ?: S К.И«“Ч’» ““ ‘° ”«I. ’ ing their drives. *sk КЫП 5 questions about his stay in the country. This is an outiine of the story. Deveiop each of its Items. ■ f in fhp citv and what he felt about it. 2’ Svin’s Jtay with his uncle and the way he spent his time ther, 3. Uncle Ronald’s idea of how to make everybody happy. Say what you remember about; • the Lake District • Land’s End • Hadrian’s Wall • Oxford • Brighton Heathrow Airport the County of Kent Oliver Cromwell Stratford-upon-Avon beth’4 Prince William, Queen Eliza ask bin? Prepare 8—10 questions that you would like to pictures*! know London? Give names to the places in these .*.v;va ^v.%v5i Ш •.•♦wJ Ш – илч w Ш ■m Ш .*.vJv5 шт •%^>5 Say where in London you can: the changing of the • watch Guard. • see the Crown Jewels. • feed the pigeons. • see a very large clock at top of a tower. the listen to concerts of classical music. listen to a speaker talking to the public, do some shopping, see collections of English and European pictures. m Ш Ш Work in pairs. Read the questions and let your partner answer them. Don’t forget to change over. 1. What famous politicians do you know? 2. What city is Alexander Pushkin’s birthplace? 3. What do you think is the most famous university in Russia? 4. How can you prove that Russia is a country of lowlands and highlands? 5. What theatre in Moscow is built in the shape of a star? 6. What is St. Petersburg famous for? 7. What’s the most touching film you have ever seen? шГAct ГеЛодие S @ the recording, Ben: Well, Alice, did you enjoy the playi” Alice: Ben: Alice: Ben: i’think it was wonderful. I ^ ways wanted to see “Romeo and Juliet in Stratford. Oh, yes. The actors were really good, especially the actress Alice: How dfd you like the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre? It’s the biggest I’ve ever seen. Ben: Yes, it’s huge. I’m glad our seats were •••• Alice: Now I understand why we have come to Stratford all the way from London. I enjoyed every minute of the play. So . I. Just wait, tomorrow we are going to visit the house in Henley Street. . Don’t you know? It’s — Really? Did Shakespeare live all his life in the same house? Not quite. I didn’t know that. Did Shakespeare have a large family? Ben: Alice: Ben: Alice: Ben: Alice: Ben: Alice: I’d like to know more about William Shakespeare and see all his plays in the theatre. Describe the pictures using the words. a) a ceremony, an avenue, a procession, a royal coach^ a monarch residence, a crown, at the exact time, a politician, to rule the country a royal coach [‘гэ1э1 ‘kautj] — королевская карета b) teenagers, to scream, at the top of one’s voice, for a while, such an exciting film, tragedy, to hold up, the ship, wicked pirates c) highlands, holidaymakers, a waterfall, scenery, to admire, a val-ley/meadow/plain, to attract/attractive, exciting/to be excited >»3 * ШШ >уШ Role-play the situation. a) You are taking part in a TV programme “My Discovery of England”. Everyone is asked to speak about the place in England that he/she has discovered for himself/herself. The list of characters: 1. The host or hostess of the programme.^ He begins and finishes the programme making it interesting, talking to guests, asking them questions. Remember: the programme should move fast. у>Ш a host [h$ust]/hostess [hsostis] of the programme — ведущий передачи i V- I I 2 A group of Russians who have just come back from England (they abou. ше 4. iTactress who is going to play in a historical film about Wil- 5. geographer who is working on a book about the British Isles. 6. An archaeologist interested in the problem of Romans in Britain. b) Imagine you are taking part in a British TV programme “My Discovery of Russia”. What places in Russia will you describe? LET US READ Read the text and say: a) what you think about the tradition de scribed in it; b) if Russian people have such a tradition. GREETINGS CARDS To know a country we should know its traditions. Sending greetings cards is one of them. Greetings cards are very popular in Britain. The most common kinds of greetings cards are birthday cards, congratulations cards, sympathy cards,^ get-well cards, and cards for special days. Birthday cards. There are special family birthday cards for moth-ers, fathers, sisters, and brothers. There are cards which are special for friends, teachers, and other people. Children’s cards often have a large number on them showing how old the children are. Cards tor adults have pictures of flowers or scenery, or humorous cartoons. ‘ предназначенные для выражения со- greetings cards are used for such can even buv я f ^ wedding* or an anniversary.^ You house or a n^ew card for a person who gets a new card^to^Snerlnn someone dies. You should send the means “I’m sympathy card и ® at home or in hospital, you feel Tetter s!?n7 of friends on some example, on Christmas, Val-Mother’s Day, Father’s Day, Halloween. On 14 February some children give valentines to each other in their classes in school. Teenagers and grown-ups sometimes send valentines to their girlfriends, boyfriends, husbands or wives. ^Answer the questions to see if you understood the text well. are five different kinds of greetings cards? Z. What kind of cards do people buy most often? 3. Are there different kinds of birthday cards? 4. What are congratulations cards used for? 5. When do you send a sympathy card? 6. What does a get-well card mean? 7. Can you name some special occasion cards? 8. What kind of special occasion cards is most popular with young children? LET US TALK •Kv !♦!&& m •.vJv >»Й m ж .*.%%% >!♦?« %v;. Say what kind of greetings card British people send when: 1) someone they know is getting married; 2) someone they know is in hospital; 3) it’s February 14th; 4) it’s December 25th; 5) someone they know has flu and has to stay in bed for a week; 6) some people they know have been married for 20 years today; 7) someone they know has a baby; 8) someone they know has died; 9) someone they know is 13 years old today; 10) someone they know has got a new flat. * a wedding [‘wedioj — свадьба ^ an anniversary [,8eniV3:s3n] — юбилей, торжество •>>Т •«« ■»• ♦ • ♦ ■ • ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦% Ш Ж к a) Read the text on the postcard and say who wrote the postcard, to whom and why. Deor Mary and Jobn, is c short note to thank you ,„/tKe «onderful time you hove g.ven me. live seen – much of your lovely c,ty, you hove looked after me so »ell but most of oil you hove made me one of your family. With love to you both from your friend 6reta b) Say if you think it is a good idea to send such cards to people to thank them for their kindness, help and hospitality.^ Why? Speak about the tradition of sending postcards in Russia. Say: — when Russian people send postcards; — to whom they send such cards; — what traditional cards are like; — if the greetings cards have changed; — where you can buy such cards; — if they send cards to people who are ill; — if you like to send or to get greetings cards; — if you always buy cards or make them yourself. LET US WRITE Postcards are usually short. Write a postcard to your friend about the place that impressed you most in England. hospitality [,hDspi’taIati] — гостеприимство you to write. The lines on them conH +Л Rewrite the lines to have greetings cards you can send to your friends. ^ •.*Kv5 m ■■yy>x4 m m Good Luck! In everything you do A little card to wish “Good luck”. In the years ahead of you Bringing you every happiness. Goodbye and Happiness Always! The best of good wishes go with you, too But wherever you go -Sorry to hear that you are leaving, Whatever you do. WH,e: what У-^ |,ГиГд’Й,”!>’^о“%’о.Тва than ‘з sentances); b) what you think your mother (father, granny) doesn’t want you to do. (Not less than 6 sentences.) + л/г n u. Example- I would like my mother to take me to McDonald s one Example, ^ mother doesn’t like me to shout loudly. LET US LISTEIU АИ1Р DISCUSS a) Make sure you know these words; to prefer [рпТз:] (preferred, preferred) — предпочитать nearby [‘niabai] — поблизости b) Listen to the recording, ®43, and answer these questions, 1 Why did Jim become a thief? 2. What people worked for him? 3. Why did Jim have to explain to them exactly what they should do? 4. What information did Jim get one day? 5. Why did Jim send one of his people to the house? 6. What did he see through the window? 7. Why did he tell Jim that the family they were going to rob was the wrong family? ^Tell the story of “The Wrong Family” to your friends. SUMMING UP TWO 1. What new things did you learn from Units 7—11? 2. Which topics did you find interesting and useful to discuss? What did you enjoy doing most of all? 3. What did you practise doing in English? Which of these are you good at? What are your weak points? —————–_ PROJECT WORK 1 1. Work on your own or in small groups and prepare a presentation on the fourth part of Great Britain — Northern Ireland. Some of the interesting points may be the country’s: 1) symbol; 2) population; 3) geography; 4) famous person or people; 5) capital and big cities; 6) interesting fact or facts. presentation as attractive as possible. Decide whose story was better than the others and why. Where can your get your information? Ask your teacher and parents and try: M • your home library • www.britannika.com * your school library • www.encyclopedia ru • www.wikipedia.org pcuia.iu ► Unit 12 Holidays LET US REVIEW IT Answer these ^estions, then listen to the recording to check your answers, 044. ‘ 1. When is Christmas celebrated in Europe? 2. Do Russians celebrate this holiday? When do they celebrate it? 3. Whose birthday is celebrated at Christmas? 4. What country gave us the tradition of decorating the Christmas tree? 5. Who introduced the tradition to decorate the Christmas tree in Russia? 6. When was the custom of decorating Christmas trees with candles and presents introduced into Britain? 7. Where does the most famous Christmas tree stand in London? Whose present is it? 8. What do they call Father Frost in the West? Where does he live? 9. What does Santa Claus look like? 10. How does Santa Claus travel? 11. How does Santa Claus enter houses to give children Christmas presents and where does he put them? 12. What are the traditional Christmas colours? 13. Why do little children sometimes write letters to Santa Claus? 14. When did the custom of sending Christmas cards to friends, colleagues and relatives appear? 15. What is the traditional Christmas food? 16. What are Christmas carols? 17. What is the day after Christmas called? 18. How do people decorate their houses at Christmas? LET US READ AMD LEARM Listen to the traditional Christmas song “Jingle, Bells! then sing it. 1 « Jingle, BellsI”—«Звените, бубенчики!* JINGLE, BELLS! ^ Chorus: ^ t_. XU u i-u JrwLft™ Л’.о ride O-er the fields we go. In a one-horse open sleigh.’ Laughing all the way. II Bells, on bobtail^ ring. Making spirits bright.^ What fun it is to ride and sing A sleighing song tonight. Chorus. LET US READ iF Follow your teacher reading the text (Part I and then Part II) and say a) what the main idea of the text is; b) why Mr Scrooge changed. A CHRISTMAS CAROL (after Ch. Dickens) Have you ever heard about Christmas carols?** They are religious songs sung at Christmas. At Christmas time groups of people sing carols, both indoors and outdoors. They usually collect money for ^ a one-horse open sleigh [slei] открытые, запряжённые одной лошадью саяя а bobtail [bobteil] – лошадка с коротким подстриженным хвостом making spirits bright — поднимая настроение ^ а carol [‘к$гэ1] — рождественская песнь, гимн Ш vKl if homeless and poor people. Sometimes carol singers, especially children, go along the streets from house to house, singing in front of each house and asking for money. But there is a Christmas carol which is not a song or a hymn [himn], it is a story told more than; a century and a half ago by one of the most wonderful storytellers; in the world — Charles Dickens, the famous English writer. Part I Once upon a time, old Ebenezer Scrooge [‘ebi’ni:z3 ‘skruicfe] was busy in his office. It was Christmas Eve. The weather was cold and foggy. The door of Scrooge’s office was opened so that he could keep an eye on his clerk,^ Cratchit [‘krastju], who was writing letters. Scrooge paid him less than a pound a week. That was not half enough for Cratch-it’s large family. Scrooge did not like to spend his money, that is why the fire in his office was very small and Bob Cratchit’s hands were so cold that he could hardly write. Suddenly a young and cheerful^ voice cried, “Merry Christmas, uncle! God save you!” It was Scrooge’s nephew. “Humbug!”^ said Scrooge, using his favourite word. “Merry Christmas! You have no right to be merry.** You are poor.” Scrooge was telling the truth: his nephew was poor, but he was a happy man because he was married to a woman whom he loved. Scrooge could not understand that. He thought that love was even sillier than a Merry Christmas. Scrooge’s nephew wanted to invite his uncle to have Christmas dinner with him and his young wife, but Scrooge * clerk [klak] — служащий ^ cheerful [‘tjiafl] — радостный ^ humbug [‘ЬлтЬлд] — чушь ** merry [‘men] — весёлый t 1. i i ► ♦ • * did not want to hear about it and the young man left wishing his uncle and Cratchit a Merry Christmas again. Five minutes later Scrooge had two more visitors with papers in their hands. They were collecting money for poor people and told Scrooge that thousands of people were in need of the simplest things, even food and clothes. This time Scrooge got really angry and refused to give money for charity.^ He said that the place for poor people was in prison or the work house. Seeing that it was useless to say anything more, the two men left. , , , i It grew colder and colder outside. The fog and darkness thickened so that the ancient church tower was hardly seen. A boy sang a Christmas carol outside the front door of Scrooge’s office. Scrooge got even angrier. He picked up a big ruler and opened the door so quickly that the frightened small singer ran away as fast as he could. Part II At last it was time to shut up the office. The next day was the twenty-fifth of December and the office had to be closed for Christmas Day. As soon as Scrooge walked out, Bob Cratchit closed the office and ran home. He didn’t put on a coat as he didn’t have one. He ran home to play Christmas games with his children. Scrooge took his melancholy^ dinner in his melancholy tavern [‘tasvan]; read several new papers and went г ‘ a home to bed. His house was old and dark for nobody “ lived in it but Scrooge. He was sitting alone before his small fire when he heard his doorbell ring. Then the heavy door of Scrooge’s room opened and Scrooge saw . a ghost. Scrooge recognised him at once: it was the ghost of Marley his partner, who had died several years before. Marley’s Ghost was wearing a long and heavy chain^. Scrooge became very frightened. “Why do you trouble me?’’ he asked the ghost. Marley’s Ghost explained that he had been very selfish when he was alive**. He had been interested only in money and had not cared about people outside his office. Now he had no rest and no peace. “I wear the chain I made in life link by link^. Do you know Ebenezer Scrooge, the weight and length of the chain you wear yourself? I am here tonight to tell you that you still have a chance and hope not to go my way. Tonight you will see Three Spirits*; 2 charity [‘t/asriti] — на благотворительные цели melancholy [’mebnksli] — грустный, унылый ^ a chain [t/ein] — цепь * alive — живой ® link by link — звено за звеном a spirit — дух The first will come tomorrow at one in the morning.” With these words the Ghost walked to the window and disappeared into the dark night. And Scrooge went straight to bed, without undressing, and fell asleep at once. On the next day Ebenezer Scrooge had three visitors — the Ghost of Christmas Past, the Ghost of Christmas Present and the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. With the first Ghost Scrooge travelled to the past and remembered how lonely and unhappy he was once long ago when he was a schoolboy. He remembered his kind sister who brought him home from school on Christmas Eve many years ago and they were together and had the merriest time in the world. His sister had a large and kind heart, but she was not very strong and died soon after she had a child — Scrooge’s nephew. The Ghost of Christmas Present changed Scrooge’s home completely. He hung the walls with evergreens*: holly, mistletoe^ and ivy.^ He made a bright fire in the fireplace, filled the room with turkeys, geese, meat, pies, puddings, cakes and fruit. Then the Ghost took Scrooge to Bob Cratchit’s poor house. Bob, his wife and their six children were at home. They could not see Scrooge but he could see and hear everything. The smallest boy called Tiny Tim was a very weak child and it was clear that he would not live long. Mrs Cratchit cut up the goose and then brought the pudding in. There was not enough food for such a large family, but nobody noticed that. Everybody said to Mrs Cratchit how much they loved the goose and the pudding. “A Merry Christmas to us all, my dears,” Bob Cratchit said. “God bless us!”^ “A Merry Christmas!” said Tiny Tim. “God bless us, everyone,” said everyone. Suddenly Scrooge heard his own name. “Let’s drink to Mr Scrooge who gave us this dinner,” Bob Cratch-, it said. “Long life to him! A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!” They were not a rich family; they were not well-dressed; their shoes were cheap. But they were happy, grateful and pleased with one another. The Ghost showed Scrooge his nephew’s home too. There Scrooge’s nephew was talking to his wife. They were talking about him. “He is a funny old man,” said his nephew, “and he isn’t very pleasant either. His money is of no use to him. He can’t do any good with it. I can’t be angry with him. I am sorry for him. I’d like to drink to his health, A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to the Old Man!” m Ш m Ш 1 ■Ш Ш an evergreen — вечнозеленое растение ^ mistletoe [‘misitau] — омела ^ ivy [‘aivi] — плющ God bless us! — Да хранит нас Господь! The Ghost disappeared and Scrooge saw the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come, the Ghost of the Future. This Ghost was very silent, he just took Scrooge to the centre of London, not far from his office. The Spirit showed him a group of businessmen, and Scrooge came up to them to listen to their talk. They were also talking about him. The Ghost showed him a grave with his name, Ebenezer Scrooge, on it. There were no flowers there. Nobody came to remember him. ‘*N0, Spirit! Oh no, no!” he cried upon his knees. “I am not the man I was. Good Spirit, Г11 start a new lifel I will keep^^^ Christmas in my heart all the year, I will live in the Past, the Pre-sent and the Future. I will always remember this lesson!” Suddenly the Ghost disappeared and Scrooge was in his room again. Scrooge felt very happy: the time before him was his own, “A Merry Christmas to everybody! A Happy New Year to all the world!” said Scrooge. Ebenezer Scrooge kept his word: the very first thing he did was to send a huge turkey to Bob Cratchit’s house. Then he put on his best clothes and got out into the street. He smiled at everyone he met. He met the gentleman who had walked into his office the day before asking for money for the poor Ч Scrooge gave him a lot of money. “My dear sir,” said the gentleman shaking hands with him, “I don’t know what to say to such kind- Part [I 1. Then the Ghost took Scrooge to Bob Cratchit’s poor house. 2. On the next day Scrooge had three visitors. 3, The Ghost showed Scrooge his nephew’s home too. 4. Scrooge gave him a lot of money. 5. “I will always remember this lesson.” 6. Suddenly the Ghost disappeared and Scrooge was in his room again. 7. With the first Ghost Scrooge travelled to the past. Say “true,” “false” or “not stated”, X, At the beginning of the story Ebenezer Scrooge was a nice and kind man, always ready to help people. 2. Scrooge had a wife and six children. 3. It all happened on Christmas Eve. 4. Bob Cratchit got three pounds a week. 5. The small singer came to the door of Scrooge’s office to ask for some money. 6. Scrooge learned his lesson and changed completely. 7. Scrooge gave Bob’s family a Christmas tree as a present. 8. Scrooge’s nephew was not at home when Scrooge came to visit him. 9. The story has a happy ending. P LET US TALK ness. In the afternoon Scrooge went to his nephew’s house. And that _ was wonderful. He felt at home in 5 minutes. Everybody was happy as could be. Epilogue Scrooge did it all and much more. And to Tiny Tim, who did not die, he was a second father. He became as good a friend, as good a master, as good a man, as the good old city knew. Ghosts did not visit him anymore, and people said that he knew how to keep Christmas better than^^^ anybody else. And so, as Tiny Tim said, God blesstf^F jH&m IHi Щ L us, everyone Put the sentences in the right order. Describe these places adding as many details as you would like. 1. London at Christmas (in the times of Charles Dickens). 2. Mr Scrooge’s office. 3. Mr Scrooge’s house before the Ghost of Present visited it. 4. Mr Scrooge’s house during his visit. 5. Bob Cratchit’s house. Imagine the three ghosts and describe them. Describe the best New Year party you’ve ever had. Don’t forget to write an outline of your story. LET US WRITE Part I , 1, Marley’s Ghost was wearing a long and heavy chain. 2. Suddenly, a young and cheerful voice cried, “Merry Christmas, uncle!” 3. As soon as Scrooge walked out, Bob Cratchit closed the office and ran home. 4, “I wear the chain I made in life link by link.” _______ 5. Scrooge went straight to bed, and fell asleep at once. 6. He was^?^ _ . ^ ^ i. . . . sitting alone before his small fire when he heard his doorbell ring.®”^ ghosts (one you like/dislike most) 7. It was Christmas Eve. 5-10 sentences about it. бедняки IP Write a short story about Tiny Tim. 2 — ЛфгшАсьеш), G КЛ. Ч. 2 w**. ш V.*. v.% ш- yv Unit 13 ^ a glove-maker. ;;:;^ 4) a deer, pleased, for a while, to scream at the top of to earn the girl’s love.^ one’s voice, •‘•%V •****%v Scotland LET US REVIEW Give it a name. The word box can help you. a deer, to please, stupid, to earn, the top, a thief, to act, to scream, a glove-maker, twins, a teenager, a bank 1. The highest point or part of something. 2. Two children born of the same mother at the same time. 3. A grass-eating animal that can run very fast. 4. To make somebody happy. 5. Silly or foolish. 6. The raised ground along the river. 7. A person who steals. 8. To cry out loudly. 9. To do something, to take action. 10. A person who makes gloves. 11. To receive money in return for work you do. 12. A young person of between 13 and 19 years old. Say which of them can be: a deer a thief a bank poetry wicked, strong, stupid, bad, young, famous well-known, terrible, old, big, high, calm touching, classical, attractive, exciting international, fast, slow, fat, ugly Example: a wicked thief, a strong deer, etc. Make up short stories using the words and phrases: 1) a thief, a criminal, to scream, wicked, at the top of one’s voice stupid; 2) a company, poetry, exact (exactly), to act, to earn, a teenager as you please, for a while; Bemern^r the of these verbs in Past Simple and say what Peter did for a while yesterday. Example. Peter woke up, lay in bed for a while and then got up- To lie in bed, to draw pictures, to look for pens and pencils, to build up a toy castle, to keep silent, to learn a poem by heart, to make supper, to ride a bike, to write poetry, to read a novel, to stand on one’s head, to speak on the phone, to swim in the lake. Nick has a large family. His father is a builder^ his mother is a cook, his uncle is a bus driver, his aunt is a dressmaker, his Granny is a shop assistant at the baker’s, his granddad is a journalist. Nick’s elder sister is a ballet dancer. Nick himself is an actor. Say how they all earn their living. Example: Nick earns his living by acting in a theatre. a) Read the title and think what the text can be about. Read the text to see if you are right, b) Open the brackets and make the dialogue complete. AN INTERVIEW WITH THE HEADMASTER Interviewer: Excuse me, may I (ask) you a few questions? Headmaster: All right. Go ahead.^ Interviewer: Can you (speak) English? Headmaster: I’m ^raid my English is not very good, but I’d like all the pupils of the school (speak) good English. Interviewer: What were your favourite subjects and what subjects did you not (like) at school? Headmaster: Do you expect me (name) all the subjects? Interviewer: Oh, no. We would like you (mention) only a few. Headmaster: I liked French, literature and economics. I didn’t like maths and physics. Interviewer: What did you want (be) when you were a boy, and what did your parents want you (become)! Headmaster: I wanted (become) a teacher. And so did my parents as both of them were teachers. Ш m ■ Ш .4V»J m Я * v-Ш to earn the girl’s love — завоевать любовь девушки Go ahead. — зд. Ну что же, давайте, (разг.) V.*. ♦ ♦ « « • « ♦ • » * Look through the “Interview with the Headmaster ex. 6). Imag. ine vou Ж read it in your school newspaper. Tell your friends who’^haven’t read the newspaper about the interview. Work in pairs. Make up your own interview with a school head- master and find out: л, . , — what he/she would like his/her students to know and/or to do; — where he/she would like them to travel; __why he/she would like them to visit these places, — what he/she wouldn’t like them to do; — what books he/she expects his/her students to read; — what languages he/she expects them to learn; — what kind of people he/she wants his/her students to become. Express the same in English. 1. Тереза хочет, чтобы близнецы помогли ей по дому. 2. Учитель не ожидал, что его ученики так полюбят поэзию. 3. «Я не хочу, чтобы ты кричал во всё горло», — сказала мама сыну. 4. Мы бы хотели, чтобы вы немного (некоторое время) погуляли на берег) реки. 5. Никто не ожидает того, что подростки будут зарабаты вать себе на жизнь. 6. Мне бы не хотелось, чтобы ты читал криминальные рассказы. 7. Родители У. Шекспира хотели, чтобы ов стал перчаточником? 8. Ты действительно ожидаешь, что в на-шем лесу скоро будет много оленей? 9. Я не хочу, чтобы ты дру-^Д жил с этим противным мальчишкой. 10. Я ожидаю, что ты бу-*^ дешь поступать по своему усмотрению (as you please). LET US READ AND LEARN to make sb + Adj (happy, sad, etc.) ‘Til make you happy,” he said. The Christmas present made the boy pleased. Fresh air and a lot of exercise made the child healthy. The long walk made the old man tired. Make up sentences. The snow The present Tommy The new toy The old film 1 the garden makes little Ann made his sister will make me him them beautiful. happy. angry. sad. white. pleased. L FOCUS ____ InaEe^ somebody >6 do something Jack always lets me help him. Mother never makes us wash up, we do it ourselves. Who will make her come on time? I will let you come back late tonight. Daddy, let them join usi The news made everybody feel sad. BUT! to be allowed/made to do something The pupils were made to learn the poem by heart. The children were allowed to watch the football match on television. I am never allowed to come home late. Robert was made to clean the floor again. See Reference Grammar, part 2, p. 159—160 Complete the sentences. Use to let, to make, to be allowed, to be made. 1. Your brother’s trousers look terrible. You should . him clean them. 2. I didn’t want to do the room. My father . me help him. 3. I can’t come. My parents won’t . me. 4. Why do you always . your children do whatever they like? 5. We . to write Exercise Five in class. 6. The children . to take part in the show. to I want you to go there. We expect them to arrive at five. Tom would like me to visit Scotland. We were allowed to play outside. The girl was made to tell the truth. I’ll make you go there. We made them arrive at five. My parents will let me visit Scotland. They let us play outside. The girl’s friends made her tell the truth. See Reference Grammar, part 2, p. 159—160 Insert to where necessary. 1. Let me . join you. 2. He is always allowed . do as he pleases. 3. We expected the tourists . move fast for a wnile. 4. The sea voyage made the boy . feel pleased. 5. * I wouldn’t like her . scream so loudly. 6. She never expected John . look stupid. 7. What exactly was Tim made . repeat? Express the same in English. 1. Нам разрешили посетить королевский дворец. 2. Тома Кенти (Kenty) заставили управлять Англией, хотя он не был королём. 3. «Я заставлю тебя помнить это1» —закричала женщина. 4. Мы хотим, чтобы вы сделали именно то, о чём мы вас просим. 5. Я не ожидала, что он знает поэзию так хорошо. 6. Детям хотелось, чтобы родителя почитали им книгу о пиратах. 7. «Я заставлю тебя рассказать мне правду!» —закричала Нелли изо всех сил. Read and guess what the underlined words mean. The boy was looking through the window and couldn’t concen^ trate [’konsantreit] on the work. There is a great contrast [‘kontrcrstj between life in the county and life in the city. On May, 9 there is usually a military [’militon] parade in Moscow. You already know the adjective busi/ and you can easily understand such a sentence; “I’m very busy tonight, I have a lot of things to do”. But what does bus^ mean in these word combinations: a busy street/square (‘there is a lot of traffic there)\ a busy town (full of work and activity)! Look these words up to make sure that you have guessed right. 1. 2. 3. 4. b) devotion [di’vaufn] (n)\ devotion to the family, devotion to one’s friends, devotion to one’s parents. You can easily see their devotion to their children. to bury [ben], buried, buried (v)\ to be buried. He was buried in the church yard. To bury is to put a dead body into a grave. Where is your granny buried? to hang [haeo], hung, hung (v)\ to hang curtains, to hang a picture. Hang your coat on the hook.^ prosperous [’prDspsras] (adj): a prosperous farmer (lawyer), a prosperous family, a prosperous city. A person who is prosperous is wealthy and successful. picturesque [.piktja’resk] (adj): picturesque scenery, a picturesque valley, a picturesque village. The Lake District is one of the most picturesque places in the North of England, isn’t it? modest [‘mndist] (adj): a modest house, a modest flat, a modest person, a modest dress. The young actress is very modest about her success. My uncle has got a lot of medals but he is too modest to wear them. smart [smcut] (adj): 1) ш yy.* m ^^^Read the words, look them up and study the word combinations Complete these sentences with so . that Choose an adjective and sentences to know how to use them. | Kr,v trade [treid] (n, uncount.): international trade, foreign trade, a centre of trade, a trade centre, the development of trade with Europe. Trade is the process of buying, selling or exchanging goods between countries. a grave [greiv] (n): the writer’s grave. Amy wants to see Shakespeare’s grave. a rock [rok] (n): a high rock, to look at the rock, to take pictures of the rock. Do you see that rock over there? Holmes looked at the rocks below. from the box. Example: Peter is . he can’t stand on his feet, (tired) Peter is so tired that he can’t stand on his feet. .v*wl striking, modest, picturesque, prosperous, smart, busy, high ‘ a hook [huk] — крючок ^ to strike a blow [Ыэи] — нанести удар уШ^ mm • 1 к**. Р we couldn’t Ьб‘ 1 Alice’s dress was . we all admired it. 2. The contrast between the two brothers was Ч Th^tJaffic in High Street is . I never let my son cross it alone. 4! ?ou dS ber: she is . she’ll never speak about her suc- cess. ^ Thp rock was . we couldn’t climb it. 4. , б! The scene in front of us was . we stood for a few moments ad- miring it and then took a few pictures. j. 4. 7. The city of Venice was . many people came to trade there. Write the degrees of comparison of these adjectives. Example: smart — smarter — (the) smartest; prosperous — more prosperous — (the) most prosperous. Busy, prosperous, picturesque, modest, smart, striking, fragile, exciting, attractive, touching, stupid, wicked. Say: 1) where William Shakespeare was buried; 2) what streets are usually lined with; 3) which country is more prosperous — the USA or Greece; 4) when you prefer to wear your smartest clothes; 5) what city in Russia you can call especially picturesque; 6) how often the Kremlin clock strikes. Add as many words as you can to each line. 1. Devotion to 4. Smart your mother. answer. 2. Prosperous 5. Striking country. idea. 3. Picturesque 6. Street lined with valley. houses. Express the same in English. 1. Мало людей знают, где находится могила Пушкина. 2. Пушкин был похоронен в Святогорском монастыре (Svyatogorsky Monastery [munastari]). 3. Какая поразительная женщина! Она знает шесть иностранных языков. 4. Не надевай это нарядное платье в школу. 5. Во время нашего путешествия мы видели множество огромных гор и живописных долин, 6. Я не могу назвать этот город процветающим: в нём слишком много бедных людей. 7. В противоположность своей старшей сестре она всегда носит скромную одежду, 8. Какая преданность! 9. Мы хотим повесить ваши рисунки в классе перед новогодним вечером. 10. Замок стоял на вершине скалы и казался огромным и угрожающим. a) Read the title of the poem. What do you think it is about? b) Listen to the poem “My Heart’s in the Highlands”, ^46, and read It. Was your guess right? Learn it by heart. MY HEART’S IN THE HIGHLANDS (R. Burns) My heart’s in the Highlands, my heart is not here, My heart’s in the Highlands a-chasing* the deer, A-chasing the wild deer and following the roe^ — My heart’s in the Highlands, wherever I gol Farewell^ to the Highlands, farewell to the North, The birthplace of valour,”* the country of worthl^ Wherever I wander,® wherever I rove. The hills of the Highlands for ever I love. Farewell to the mountains high cover’d with snow. Farewell to the straths^ and green valleys below, Farewell to the forests and wild-hanging woods, Farewell to the torrents® and long-pouring^ floodsi*® My heart’s in the Highlands, my heart is not here. My heart’s in the Highlands a-chasing the deer, A-chasing the wild deer and following the roe — My heart’s in the Highlands, wherever I go! У ’^Listen to the song “My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean”, sing along. 47, and One of the most famous Scottish songs, known all over the world is “My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean”. It is a song about Prince Charles Edward Stewart who was known as Bonnie Prince Charlie because he was young and good-looking (“bonnie” means “good-looking”). He was also Scotland’s national hero who fought against the English in the 18th century but Charlie’s army was defeated. i * a-chasing [s’tjeisio] — в погоне ^ a roe [гэи] — косуля ® farewell [Teswel] — прощайте ** valour [Vaeia] — доблесть ® worth [w3:0] — достоинство ® to wander [VDads] — бродить ^ a strath [stneG] — широкая горная долина ® a torrent [‘torant] — горный поток ® long-pouring [1ос,ро:по] — большой, мощный flood [flud] — зд. река <обычно произносится как [fUd]) LET US READ Learn to read the proper names, ®48. Highlands ['haibndz], Lowlands ['laolondz], burgh ['edinbsra], Athens ['aeOinz], Athens of the Nor^, Holyrood ['hnlTruid] Palace (House), Princes [pnnsiz] ®**'®®*’ 'S3: 'wD:lt9 'sknt], the Clyde [бэ klaid],i the Clyde Valley, the Royal Mile, the Cannongate ['kaenangeit], the Scott Monument [Оэ skm 'mnnjumDnt]. Before reading the text say what you know about Scotland. See if you can answer these. 1. Where is Scotland situated? 2. What is its capital? 3. What other big cities in Scotland can you name? 4. What is the national symbol of the country? 5. Who is its patron saint? 6. What is Scotland washed by? 7. What rivers in Scotland do you know? 8. What else do you know about Scotland? If you don’t know the answers to some of the questions read the text (ex. 25) and find them. Read the text and explain its title. SCOTLAND THE BEAUTIFUL He who has not seen Scotland does not really know Great Britain. @49. Scotland is a country in the United Kingdom to the north of England. Its symbol is a thistle, its patron saint is St. Andrew. The country is divided into Highlands and Lowlands. Most of the industry is concentrated in Lowlands, in the Clyde Valley. Glasgow is its largest and busiest town, Edinburgh is its capital. Glasgow and Edinburgh are the two great centres of Scotland. There is only 45 miles between them, and it will take you about an hour to get from Glasgow to Edinburgh by train, but the cities are very different. Holyrood Gate ^ the Clyde—p. Клайд Edinburgh Castle Glasgow is the heart of industry. It is a centre of business and trade. It is very busy, prosperous, dirty in some parts and smart in others, it is beautiful and ugly with its large port and busy streets. Edinburgh is rather cold but attractive, very proud but friendly and has a great past. Edinburgh is known as the Athens of the North. It is an ancient city and if you walk around it, you can feel history at every step. Practically every building has a tale to tell. The most interesting parts of the city are the Old Town and the New Town. The Old Town lies between the Castle and Holyrood Palace. The Castle hangs over the city like some Disney cartoon — but it is real. The Castle, in fact, is older than the city. No one can say exactly when the first settlers came to live on the huge rock that stands high above Edinburgh. Later they built a castle that used to be a fortress and then a royal palace. It looks good in any weather but at night when it is floodlit^ it looks just like a castle in a fairy tale. It is not surprising that the Castle attracts a lot of tourists. The Edinburgh military tattoo^ takes place every August and September and is known throughout the world. For 90 minutes on five or six nights a week, 600 people perform in the square in front of the Castle. The performers play military music and march to it. At the same time as the tattoo, you can go to the famous Edinburgh festival. The festival started in 1947. Every year the best performances from all over the world can be seen in Edinburgh. @ A line of streets, which runs from the Castle to Holyrood House, is called the Royal Mile. Holyrood House is a big royal palace which is the resi- ^ floodlit ['flAdlit] — подсвеченный, освещённый огнями ^ tattoo [ts'lu:] — an outdoor military show with music, usually at night 5*. ш i i Greyfriars Bobby Hence of the Queen when she is in Edinburgh. The most picturesque part of the Royal Mile is the Can-I nongate, which gives a good idea of what the 01^ A ШШ . was like. Closes (narrow passages) lead to little Л yards and attractive historical buildinp. One of the ^ most modest and yet one of the best known monuments in Edinburgh is a monument to a dog called Bobby. The dog belonged to John Gray. When he died, Bobby lived near his grave for twenty-six years. Later Bobby was buried near his master, and hig statue in the Old Town has become a symbol of devotion. The Old Town is a striking contrast to the New Town with its white and beautiful streets lined with trees. Princes Street is the most beautiful street of the New Town. It has a lot of gardens on one side and it is also Edinburgh’s popular shopping centre. Princes Street is connected with the name of the famous writer, Sir Walter Scott. A monument 200 feet high rises among green trees. They call it a poem of stone. It is the Scott Monument. Inside it there is a marble^ statue of the writer and of his favourite dog. Princes Street lies between the New Town and the Old Town. The modern town is on the lower side, the old one — on the higher. They look at each other across the valley under Scotland’s blue sky. The Scott Monument Match the proper names and their definitions. Ф is a festival of performances that started in 1947. is a show that takes place five or six nights a week in August and September, is the oldest part of Edinburgh, is a line of streets that connects the Castle and Holyrood Palace, is a royal palace. is an industrial centre of Scotland, is connected with the name of Walter Scott, is the most picturesque part of the Royal Mile. Now you have learnt some more facts about Scotland. Could vou answer these questions? ^ o* what parts is Scotland divided geographically? 2. Where are most of the factories and plants situated in Scotland? The Edinburgh military tattoo The Royal Mile The Cannongate Princes Street Holyrood House Glasgow The Castle The Edinburgh festival 41 ^ marble ['mtrbi] — мраморный; мрамор 3. What big river flows across the country? 4. What are the two largest and busiest cities in Scotland? 5. The cities are far from each other, aren’t they? 6. Which of the two cities has a large port? 7. Which of the two cities has got a longer history? LET US TALK Work in pairs. Imagine that one of you is a visitor to Edinburgh. He or she wants to get some information about the city. Your partner answers the questions. Find out; — if Edinburgh is a young or ancient city; — what the two most interesting parts of the city are; — if the Castle is older than the city of Edinburgh; — where exactly the Castle is situated; — whose monument tourists can see in Princes Street; — what palace is the residence of the Queen. 'Complete the dialogue, give it a title. In pairs act it out playing the parts of Mike and Duncan. Mike: Excuse me, I don’t think we’ve met before. I’m Mike Craw- ; ford from London. Duncan: . Mike: Edinburgh? I’ve never been to Scotland, but I’d love to go there some day. Is Edinburgh bigger than London? Duncan: . Mike: If everything you say is true it must be a great place to live! When I’m in Edinburgh, what should I see first? Duncan: . Mike: That will take me several days, I’m sure. And what’s the best place to buy souvenirs? Duncan: . , • .i_ v. i. Mike: Princes Street. I must remember that. When is the best time to come to Edinburgh? Duncan: . , Mike: The military tattoo? What is it? What a strange name! Duncan: . , , i. Mike: Thank you. I’ll talk to Dad and ask him if we can go to Scotland instead of Spain next August. . ♦ ♦VW-Л УУУЛК^ - Шй m »>3 :-y>M Х!:Ш Imagine that one of your classmates has not read the text “Scotland the Beautiful”. Tell him or her everything you know about Glasgow and Edinburgh. .. .%%♦♦♦? 5*. ш i i Greyfriars Bobby Hence of the Queen when she is in Edinburgh. The most picturesque part of the Royal Mile is the Can-I nongate, which gives a good idea of what the 01^ A ШШ . was like. Closes (narrow passages) lead to little Л yards and attractive historical buildinp. One of the ^ most modest and yet one of the best known monuments in Edinburgh is a monument to a dog called Bobby. The dog belonged to John Gray. When he died, Bobby lived near his grave for twenty-six years. Later Bobby was buried near his master, and hig statue in the Old Town has become a symbol of devotion. The Old Town is a striking contrast to the New Town with its white and beautiful streets lined with trees. Princes Street is the most beautiful street of the New Town. It has a lot of gardens on one side and it is also Edinburgh’s popular shopping centre. Princes Street is connected with the name of the famous writer, Sir Walter Scott. A monument 200 feet high rises among green trees. They call it a poem of stone. It is the Scott Monument. Inside it there is a marble^ statue of the writer and of his favourite dog. Princes Street lies between the New Town and the Old Town. The modern town is on the lower side, the old one — on the higher. They look at each other across the valley under Scotland’s blue sky. The Scott Monument Match the proper names and their definitions. Ф is a festival of performances that started in 1947. is a show that takes place five or six nights a week in August and September, is the oldest part of Edinburgh, is a line of streets that connects the Castle and Holyrood Palace, is a royal palace. is an industrial centre of Scotland, is connected with the name of Walter Scott, is the most picturesque part of the Royal Mile. Now you have learnt some more facts about Scotland. Could vou answer these questions? ^ o* what parts is Scotland divided geographically? 2. Where are most of the factories and plants situated in Scotland? The Edinburgh military tattoo The Royal Mile The Cannongate Princes Street Holyrood House Glasgow The Castle The Edinburgh festival 41 ^ marble [‘mtrbi] — мраморный; мрамор 3. What big river flows across the country? 4. What are the two largest and busiest cities in Scotland? 5. The cities are far from each other, aren’t they? 6. Which of the two cities has a large port? 7. Which of the two cities has got a longer history? LET US TALK Work in pairs. Imagine that one of you is a visitor to Edinburgh. He or she wants to get some information about the city. Your partner answers the questions. Find out; — if Edinburgh is a young or ancient city; — what the two most interesting parts of the city are; — if the Castle is older than the city of Edinburgh; — where exactly the Castle is situated; — whose monument tourists can see in Princes Street; — what palace is the residence of the Queen. ‘Complete the dialogue, give it a title. In pairs act it out playing the parts of Mike and Duncan. Mike: Excuse me, I don’t think we’ve met before. I’m Mike Craw- ; ford from London. Duncan: . Mike: Edinburgh? I’ve never been to Scotland, but I’d love to go there some day. Is Edinburgh bigger than London? Duncan: . Mike: If everything you say is true it must be a great place to live! When I’m in Edinburgh, what should I see first? Duncan: . Mike: That will take me several days, I’m sure. And what’s the best place to buy souvenirs? Duncan: . , • .i_ v. i. Mike: Princes Street. I must remember that. When is the best time to come to Edinburgh? Duncan: . , Mike: The military tattoo? What is it? What a strange name! Duncan: . , , i. Mike: Thank you. I’ll talk to Dad and ask him if we can go to Scotland instead of Spain next August. . ♦ ♦VW-Л УУУЛК^ – Шй m »>3 :-y>M Х!:Ш Imagine that one of your classmates has not read the text “Scotland the Beautiful”. Tell him or her everything you know about Glasgow and Edinburgh. .. .%%♦♦♦? i=Hinhiirnh and decide which places you would пЛ sle’!’E^xplain your choice to your classmates, say which way you would like to choose and why. i Compare the two capitals — Moscow and Edinburgh. Mention: 1) size; 2) historical centres; 3) monuments; 4) main streets; 5) other streets and squares of the cities; 6) museums; 7) military parades. LET us WRITE Do ex. 4, ex. 9, ex. 13, ex. 17, ex. 20 in writing. Your elder brother is a travel agent, but his English is not very good. At the same time you are very good at English. Help yourl brother to write short notes about Edinburgh, inviting tourists to| visit this city. Make it as attractive as possible. a) Look at the words again and get ready to write a spelling quizi on thern. Ask your parent, relative or friend to dictate the words I to you in Russian. Practise writing them in English. to concentrate, a contrast, military, busy, trade, a grave, a rock, devotion, to bury, to hang, prosperous, picturesque, modest, smart, to strike, striking b) Write the quiz. How many words did you write correctlv’^ Are you pleased with your result? LET US LISTEN AND DISCUSS a) Make sure you know these words and expressions. to camp [kaemp] быть в походе, останавливаться на ночлег to put up а tent — поставить палатку b) Listen to the recording, @50, and say whose words they are 1. “Here’s some money. Go to the village and buy some meat.” 2. I m so tired. You eo.” 3. “Here’s the meat. Could you please cook it?” 4. “I’d like you to go and get some water.” 5. “I don’t want to get my clothes dirty.” 6. “The meal is ready, come and eat it.” 7. “I don’t like to say “No” all the time.” Describe Jim and Tim. What were they like? Say which of the two friends — was hard-working — was lazy — found a picturesque place at the foot of a rock — was tired — went to the village — bought some meat and bread You can answer “I don’t know”. — made a fire — cooked the meat — cut the bread — got the water — got the meal ready — didn’t like to say the time ‘No” all Tell the story on the part of Jim and on the part of Tim, • Unit 14 vt!: Wales LET US REVIEW Ask questions using; to climb the rock, a modest person, striking news, picturesque seen- vXj ery, to be buried, a smart student, a smart dress, to develop trade, prosperous countries, great devotion. Look through the list of words and group them into four cate, gories. First read out the verbs, then the nouns, adjectives and adverbs. Twin, wickedly, bank, please, strike, act, picturesque, prosperous, trade, scream, bury, rock, grave, exactly, modest, striking, hang stupid, deer, earn, smart, devotion, concentrate, busy, military, thief. Say what or who can be: 1) prosperous; 2) picturesque; 3) wicked; 4) busy, 5) pleased; 6) stupid; 7) striking; 8) smart. Example: Farmers can be prosperous. Companies can be prosperous. Cities can be prosperous. Say what people want (would like)/don*t want (wouldn’t like) Jimmy to do. Example: Mr Stones wants Jimmy to stop screaming at the top of his voice. stop screaming at the top of your voice! 7. Jimmy’s granny Complete the table. Example: My mother let me go to the cinema. — I was allowed to go to the cinema. 1. Mr Stones Include all the boys on the list! 3. Jimmy’s friend Jimmy’s sister 4^ ( Don’t stay in, 4. Jimmy’s mother 5. Jimmy’s teacher Active Passive 1. The professor made us set to work. 1. — 2. — 2. The children were not allowed to take part in the procession. 3. — 3. He was made to solve the problem immediately. 4. My friend’s mother didn’t let him buy a collection of beautiful stones. 4. — 5. The doctor made the nurse test the patient’s blood pressure again. 5. — 6. — 6. Most of European governments were made to stop nuclear tests. 7. Our chemistry teacher doesn’t let us mix these two gases. 7. — Ж ♦ k • • ♦ • ♦ • ♦ Ф . r й’: ♦ ♦ » * **•* »*•* • ф ф « ♦ ф ф • ф ф Продолжение Active Passive — — 8. — 8. Sam was never allowed to smoke. 9. I won’t let you give sugar to the dog. 9. — 10. — 10. I was made to act on the stage, though I don’t like performing. have to do something have got to do something + I have to get up at 5. Sorry, we have to go. I’ve got to get up at 5. Sorry, we’ve got to go. Nelly doesn’t have to cook herself. They don’t have to start early. Nelly hasn’t got to cook herself. They haven’t got to start early. Do we have to return at six? Does she have to leave the city? When do you have to arrive? Why does she have to stay alone? Wh? Have we got to return at six? Has she got to leave the city? When have you got to arrive? Why has she got to stay alone? See Reference Grammar, part 2, p. 158—159 Paraphrase using the construction have got to do something. 3 We^donH ^havp ^tn piano every evening. partner has to do something. Let him explain the reason to you. Choose either of the two constructions. Example: 1: P,: IVe got to go. P2: Why have you got to go now? Pp I ve got to go because my mother is waiting for me. I promised her to come at six. Example: 2: P^: I have to wake at five. ^2- Why do you have to wake at five? Pi: I have to wake at five because my father takes me fishing and we are leaving at six. ^ early. 2. I have to stay at home today, 3. I have to call Mary at once. 4. I’ve got to buy new shoes. 5. I’ve got to send a letter to him at once. 6. I’ve got to take my little brother to the zoo. 7, I have to do this exercise in writing. 8. I have to translate this article. 9. I have to write a short story about some animal. 10. I’ve got to run now. LET US READ AND LEARN Phrasal Verb to look 1. to look at — посмотреть на Don’t look at me so angrily! 2. to look for — искать I am looking for my glasses and I can’t find them. 3. to look through — просмотреть, бегло прочитать Look through the newspaper and tell me about the most important sports matches. 4. to look after — присматривать, ухаживать Who looks after your cat when you go away? 5. to look up (in) — посмотреть (в каком-то источнике) If you don’t know the word, look it up in the dictionary. Write for, up (in), at, after, through after the verb to look in each sentence. 1. People like to look . animals at the zoo. 2. She took a pencil out of the pocket and looked around . some paper. 3. Will you look . my garden while I’m away? 4. They will look . the projects V.*. 1 w**. 1 Ш and you been? I’ve been Wojkjn pairs^^sk^^^ if he/she has ever seen, watched. ing\\/Vualf ovenTWhere’is’little Ann? Who is looking . the baby? Subject see watch notice hear feel Complex Object the boys the girl me us him her it you them do/doing sth I saw Mother cook/cooking a pie. We did not notice them come/coming in. Did you hear Nick sing/singing at the party? Mr Brown felt the little girl touch his hand. 1. We did not notice them come back. 2. Mother watched the children playing. 3. Who saw Mr Smith swim across the river? 4. I didn’t hear you come in. 5. She suddenly felt someone touch her on the shoulder. 6. Can you hear a child crying? 1. Мы не заметили, как они вернулись. 2. Мама наблюдала, как дети играли. 3. Кто видел, что мистер Смит переплыл реку? 4. Я не слыптал, как ты вошёл. Example: Have you ever seen a hunter shoot an animal? “ No, I haven’t. Have you? — Yes, I have. ■; 1) a hunter shoot an animal; ^ 2) a squirrel climb up a tree; 3) a hare run across the field; 4) a kitten play with a mouse; :• 5) an elephant carry people; * 6) a horse winning a race; 7) a monkey reading a book; 8) a bear dancing; 9) a deer eat green grass; 10) a pigeon sing. !; 4S^ Express the same in English. 1. Я никогда не слышал, как эта девочка смеётся. Я никогда не -■ видел, как она плачет. 2. Мы не заметили, как он вышел из клас- / са. 3. Бетти любила наблюдать, как жёлтые листья падают с де- !■ ревьев. 4. Все любят слушать, как поёт Майкл Джексон? 5. Я по- / чувствовала, как что-то горячее коснулось моей ноги. 6. Ты когда-нибудь видел, как встаёт солнце? 7. Маленький принц каж- ■ дыи день наблюдал за тем, как садится солнце. 8. Мама с гордо- ■ стью наблюдала, как её дочь играла на пианино. 9. Ты любишь • смотреть, как она танцует? 10. Я много раз слышала, как она ■ читает книги своим маленьким детям. 5. Внезапно она почувствова- а) Read and guess what the underlined words mean. ла, как кто-то дотронулся до её плеча. 6. Ты слышишь, как плачет ребёнок? See Reference Grammar, part 2, p. 160 к\ i j x i ^ ^ ^ b) Look these words up to make sure that you have guessed right. 1. Masha has lost her passport [‘po:spo:t]. She can’t find it anywhere. ; 2. The president of the company has a lot of visitors [Vizitaz], 3. A party of climbers [‘klaimazl was on their way to Everest -[‘evsnst]. Make up sentences. saw/never saw watched/never watched noticed/never noticed heard/never heard my friend(s) my mother my father my granny my teacher(s) my sister my brother cry/crying scream at the top of his/her voice fight smoke do harm to plants and animals tell lies 4SP Read the words, look them up and then study the word combina- : tions and sentences to know how to use them. to enter [’ents] (v)\ to enter a room, to enter a house, to enter ; a building. Please enter the house by the back door. He stopped ; for a second before he entered the room. Knock before you enter, to enter college, to enter university: My elder brother is going to enter university next year. Is it difficult to enter Moscow State ■ University? L 1 agriculture [‘ждп,кл№] (n. no plural): Agficultu^ is farming whici, means growing things and keeping animals. What do you kno^ about agriculture in Britain? rtculturfl airricullunil [.«gnbltfanl] (adj): agricuimrai worKar* a.. ^ural land, an agricultural country, agricultural products. Therf is a lot of agricultural land in the southeast of England, to argue r’a:qju:l (v): to argue with somebody about something. Don’t! with vour teacher about the things you don t understand. aiguc; 1 о— argue with your teacher about Stop arguing with me, do as I strPflTTi я etr. ^ water, a narrow stream, a mountain щ the valley. A stream is a small river. There were ” я nafb wm 7^^?^ running down the streets after the rain. path, a path through the forest, to walk ” nr P^th IS a long narrow line of ground made by -i or people walking. Along the country road there is usually -a narrow path for people to walk on. : say. an >tOP arguing WlUl me, Ciu ao A ocxj. ^1. a.l_ argument [‘agjumDnt] (n): a long argument, a strong argument,choose the right item, an argument about something. After a long argument we decided lUt soilieilllllg. rvAi/Ci a iwiig s ^****”**” where to go on holiday. There should be no arguments betweerij friends. . 1 X – . to injure [‘шфэ] (v): to injure people, to injure animals, to injure one’s hand (foot, etc.). Jack fell from the tree and injured his back. to be injured, to be badly injured, to be injured in an accident: Two people were killed and seven were injured when the car hit the bus. injured: an injured person, an injured animal. The injured man was taken to hospital. to rescue [Veskju:] (v): to rescue a person, to rescue an animal, tc rescue a bird. He jumped into the river and rescued the child who couldn’t swim. rescue (n): to come to someone’s rescue, to go to someone’s rescue. The child was alone in the burning house but the firemen саш Example. This path is quite . . Welsh is not . spoken in the world. (wide, widely) — This path is quite wide. Welsh is not widely spoken in the world. ^ They drive their cars — (dangerously, dan- 2. He got up . and left the room without saying a word. She gave us a . look but did not say a word, (quickly, quick) 3. Do you think his English is . Does he speak English . (fluent, fluently) 4. His . speech impressed me greatly. He didn’t give us any details about the trip, he spoke very . (brief, briefly) 5. Walk across the road . My father is a . driver: he has never had any problems, (careful, carefully) ^ *** pl^ri* Many years ago people called this place ___ (differently, different) to his rescue. Rescue Service: The Mountain Rescue Service has to go out to help^ys^^ Make up adjectives on the model. Try and guess their meanings. the climbers who need them, to serve [S3:v] (v): to serve in the army. Did he serve in the army for two years? It serves you (her, him) right. It serves her right that she feels sick — she has eaten too much, a service (n): government service, hotel service. The food in the restaurant was good but the service was poor. Has the town got a good bus service? at one’s service: I’m at your service if you need me. brief [bri.fl (adj): a brief letter, a brief talk, a brief look, a brief holiday, a brief visit. We had a brief holiday last year, we soent only a week in the Crimea, in brief —in a few words: Tell me the story in brief a cathedral [k9’0i;dr9l] (n): a beautiful cathedral, to admire the ca-thedral. — What is a cathedral. Mummy? — It is a big and im- cathedrals do you know in Lon-f /s St. Paul’s Cathedral in the City. R ^ (French, etc.), to speak he can ^ person speaks fluent English, he can speak the language easily and correctly. fluently (adv): The boy could speak two languages fluently Example: music — musical (музыкальный) nature* — nation^ — industry — culture — region — tradition — agriculture — comic — books lectures notes facts stories articles^ FOCUS the history of Scotland on the culture of the country geography exams classes marks lessons in mathematics geography history Ш iS * notice the difference: [‘neit/э — ’nat/rsl] ^ notice the difference: [‘neijn — ‘пае/пЫ] ® you can also use all these words with the preposition about: books about animals, etc. I David reads a lot of books on travels in China Professor Pullin gives wonderful lectures on the history of Coidd ^riiave a look at your notes on Scotland? Do you know any facts on the culture of ancient Greece? What is your mark in French? Who gives you classes in maths? When are you having your last exam in geography/ i *1* • • Choose the right preposition: on or in. 1. Susie is finishing her book . the culture of ancient Romans. 2. Could I look through your notes . the agriculture of the region? 3. When do you have classes . the English Literature? y.-: 4. What mark did Henry get . PE last term? V- 5. When are you having your final exam . Latin? 6. Have you ever read any articles . geography? 7. Tell me Nick’s mark . music. Listen to the recording, (^51, and read the proverb, then learr it by heart. HE WHO KNOWS He who knows not, and knows not that he knows not, is a fool, Shun^ him. He who knows not, and knows that he knows not, is a child, Teach him. He who knows, and knows not that he knows, is asleep. Wake him. He who knows, and knows that he knows, is wise. Follow him. (a Persian^ proverb> LET US READ » • • » • « 4 • « » 4 • Read the dialogue and give it a title, ® 52. Ann: Susie: Ann: Hi, Susie, haven’t seen you for a long time! What have you been doing? Where have you been hiding? I’ve been working on my talk about Wales for the last week ana spent many hours in the library. Wales? What can be interesting about that part of Britain? No big cities, no picturesque scenery, no interesting facts on tne History of the country. * to shun [|лп] — избегать, остерегаться Persian [‘рз;/эп] — персидский Susie: Anglese Ann: Susie: Ann: Susie: Ann: Susie: Aren t there? You can’t imagine, wrong you are here, t reading says: Though visitors don’t need passports to cross the border from England into Wales, they soon realize that they are entering a country with its own geography, culture, traditions and language.” What do you mean? Don’t the Welsh speak English? They do. But the Welsh language is spoken widely, especially in the north of the country and it is still the first language for many people. By the way English is taught side by side with Welsh in schools. Is Welsh different from English? Very much so. Welsh is one of the Celtic’ languages, like Scottish and Irish Gaelic.^ Even if your English is fluent you won’t be able to understand Welsh. Interesting. And what about the cities? I hear^ that Wales is agricultural, there are few cities there, and they гиге rather small and unimportant. Let’s not argue, but look it up in the book I’m reading. I know at least one big city in Wales. It’s Cardiff, the capital and the main port. уМ JV*V.*.* »; te:-: tei: 1 te; te; i * « • 4Sf rj[\ Ann (looking through the book)\ You are right. It says: Cardiff j; an industrial city, which also has a castle, a cathedral, a uni versity. There are other big towns in Wales too, Swansea and Newport among them.” OK. But what about the scenery, thf history, the culture? Susie: The west coast, Mid Wales and North Wales are wild and beautiful. Wales has high mountains including Snowdon, thf second highest mountain in Britain. Ann: I have always thought that Wales is a land of green fields, forests and farms. Susie: And you have been right. But it is also a land of mountain and valleys, streams and waterfalls. In North Wales you cai follow mountain paths for miles and miles. Tell me a few words about Mount Snowdon. Got interested? OK. In summer, when the sun is shining, Snowdon looks very peaceful and beautiful. A little trair runs to the top and the walk is not at all hard. But in win-ter the mountains can become very dangerous. But do people climb the mountains in winter? They do, but every year climbers get lost in bad weather or; fall and injure themselves. When this happens, the Mountain Rescue Service* has to go out to look for the climbers. I see. And what about Welsh traditions and the history of ‘ the country? Susie: Sorry, Ann. I’ve got to run. Here are my notes. I made them during the lecture by Mr Roger Davis, a visiting professor from жЖУ Wales. If you’re really interested, you can look through my notes. They are all on Welsh traditions and culture. Though they are very brief you can find them useful. Remember who said that. 1. “I spent many hours in the library.” 2. “Don’t the Welsh speak English?” Ann: Susie: Ann: Susie: Ann: 3. The Welsh language is spoken widely, especially in the north of the country.” .7 .7 themselves do not understand Welsh.” 5. “Wales is agricultural.” 6. “I know at least one big city in Wales.” 7. Cardiff is an industrial city, which also has a castle, a cathedral, a university.” 8. Snowdon is the second highest mountain in Britain.” 9. “Climbers get lost in bad weather.” 10. “I ve got to run. Here are my notes.” These are the notes Ann made after her talk with Susie. Was Ann attentive? Did she remember everything right? Read Ann’s notes and correct them if necessary. Wales an industrial country. No big cities, except Cardiff, its capital. You need a passport to travel from England to Wales. The Welsh speak two languages (English and Welsh), especially in the south. English is taught in schools, Welsh is not, though the two languages are very much alike. The English can easily understand Welsh. Cardiff is an agricultural town. The scenery in Wales is picturesque and wild, especially in the south. There are few mountains, which are rather low and not dangerous. Climbers seldom visit these places. Mount Snowdon, situated in Wales, is the highest mountain in Britain. Wales is a land of valleys, streams and waterfalls. LET US TALK Prove that Wales is an interesting place to visit. Speak on: a) its scenery b) its cities c) its language Imagine that your friend has got a ietter from his/her Welsh friend inviting him/her to visit Wales. He is not sure that he would like to go. Prove that Wales is an interesting place to visit. Work in pairs. Say what you think is the most interesting about Wales. Sum up what you’ve learnt about it. What places there do you find the most attractive? ■ going to give a talk about Wales in your geography class, dv with interesting facts about this part of Britain. Don’t ‘ the Mountain Rescue Service [‘s3:visj – горноспасательная служба You are Get ready with interesting forget to mention: its symbol, its saint, its location, its language, its capital. You are going to give a talk about the place you live in. Make an outline of your story and get ready with some facts about it. LET US WRITE Do ex. 1, ex. 2, ex. 4, ex. 5, ex. 11 in writing a) Look at the words again and get ready to write a spelling quiz on thern. Ask your parent, relative or friend to dictate the words to you in Russian. Practise writing them in English. Look through ex. 18 and write what Ann wanted to know ак Wales (10 pieces of information), Example: Ann wanted to know if climbers went to Snowdon ■ Complete the text using the prepositions at, for, through aft», up, in. Was your guess right? THE SECRET OF GOOD HEALTH AND HAPPINESS Doctors say that happiness is the secret of good health. Tb means we all have to look . ourselves. When we lose some things we shouldn’t get angry but just look . them trying to find If we don’t understand some words people use, we should them . . the encyclopaedias^ and we shouldn’t get angry eithet We should also remember that praise is good for us too. Look your friend and say how wonderful he is. Then he will believe \ is wonderful. Look . your little sister’s copybook and say she a good child. She will certainly be one. So remember, if we want be happy and healthy, we need people around us who keep tellin us how wonderful we are. This is a traditional Welsh story, a) Open the brackets to make! complete, b) Give the story a title, c) Expand^ the story in writiix to make it more interesting. This story is (set) in Wales in the Middle Ages. There was a princf whose name (be) Llewellyn [lu;’elin]. He (live) in the valley. He (havi\_ a baby son. He also (have) a dog called Gelert. One day the prin (go) hunting. He (leave) the dog (look) after the baby. Some wolvi (come) out of a wood. They (run) to the cottage. The dog (seil the wolves and (hide) the baby. Then he (run) outside and (fightf the wolves. He (kill) two but was wounded. He was tired and (liei down to sleep. The prince (return). He (see) the dog all in blood. Hei (notice) that his son’s bed was empty. He (take) his sword^ and (killji the dog while it (sleep). Then he (hear) the baby (cry) and (findf him. Through the window he (see) the two dead wolves. Then he (understand). He (carry) the dog to the top of a hill and buried it, He (collect) a lot of stones to mark the grave. You can still (see)\\ today at Bedgelert. a passport, a visitor, a climber, to enter (to enter college), agriculture, agricultural, to argue, an argument, to injure (to be injured), to rescue, rescue. Rescue Seiwice, to serve, a service, at one’s service, brief, in brief, a cathedral, fluent, fluently, a stream, a path rr ^ an encyclopaedia [in’saikl3’pi:di9] — энциклопедия ^ to expand [ik’spasnd] — расширять ^ a sword [sD:d] — меч b) Write the quiz. How many words did you write correctly? LET US LISTEN AND DISCUSS a) Make sure you know this expression: weak point [,wi:k ’point] — слабое место, слабость b) Listen to the recording, 0 53, and explain the title of the story. : Listen to the story “Three Answers” again and complete these sentences. 1. Ed was a . and worked for a____ 2. He wrote about his travels in his __ 3. Ed had one weak point: he liked to . very much. 4. Stupid people sometimes said . things. 5. Once a man said something which Ed couldn’t — 6. “There are always three answers to every question: —” Tell the story “Three Answers” on the part of Ed. PROJECT WORK 2 1. Work in small groups and prepare a presentation on England, Wales or Scotland. Some of the interesting points may be the country’s: 1) symbol; 2) population; 3) geography; 4) famous person or people; 5) capital and big cities; 6) interesting fact or facts. 2. Present your material in class. Make your presentation as attractive as possible. Decide whose story was better than the others and why. Where can your get your information? Ask your teacher and parents and try: • your home library • www.britannika.com • your school library • www.encyclopedia.ru • www.wikipedia.org THEIISA Unit 15 How Much Do We Know About the USA? You already know some facts about the United States of America and its people. We would like you to remember certain things about the US. So. LET US REVIEW Choose the right item, 1. Christopher Columbus discovered America in . a) 1402 c) 1492 b) 1482 d) 1392 2. Christopher Columbus discovered . a) Central America c) North America b) South America d) the United States of America 3. The first English settlements appeared in . a) North America in the 17th century b) South America in the 17th century c) Central America in the 16th century d) America in the 18th century 4. The “Mayflower” is . a) the name of a season b) the name of the first English settlement in America c) the name of a flower Worid Гп^620 Plymouth for the New ► the tradition of . c) Thanksgiving Day d) Memorial Day US was . c) Jeffrey Jefferson d) Bill Clinton c) New York d) Philadelphia America in 1773. d) 10 c) Levi Strauss people d) actors in America 5. The first colonists started a) Halloween b) Independence Day 6. The first president of the a) George Washington b) Abraham Lincoln 7. The capital of the US is . a) Washington, D. C. b) Washington 8. There were . colonies in a) 13 b) 7 c) 21 9. Jeans are clothes worn by a) cowboys in the Wild West b) people all over the world 10. The American flag is often called . a) Union Jack c) the Red Dragon • b) the Stars and Stripes d) the White Eagle 11. There are . stripes on the American flag. ■: a) 7 b) 6 c) 50 d) 13 12. The official national symbol of the USA is . a) the Statue of Liberty c) the turkey b) the eagle d) the “Mayflower” Answer the following questions, if necessary consult Lessons 43— 52 of your Student’s Book 4 and Lesson 14 of your Reader 4. 1. What do you remember about the discoverer of America? (Where was he born? Where did he live? What country was he looking for in 1492 when he discovered the new continent?) 2. What do you know about the first English settlements in America and the first English colonists? (When and why did England become interested in America? When did the “Mayflower” sail to America? What did they call the part of America where they set up their first colony? What kind of life did they lead?) 3. There were 13 colonies in America in 1773, weren’t there? 4. Why did people in America fight for their independence from England? 5. How can you characterize the colonists? 6. What big US cities do you know? 7. How many cents are there in a dollar? What are other American coins? How many cents are there in a nickel, a dime and a quarter? 8. What is the name of the US city where Levi Strauss began making special clothes? What clothes were they? i Ш Ш I гг*:- 13 stripes on it? necessary to make the story OU Siars on tnc —- ^ 4M„^9 10 national symbol of the изд • in 1782,, didn’t it? What 5mbol IS the ohve branc What com- bol is the arrows? Wre can you see the picture of the eagle; DOl IS axxv*»o. —– – with an olive branch and arrows г ^ т i 9 11 What do Americans celebrate on the 4th of У 12 The capital of the USA is Washington, D. C., isn t it? What do the letters D. C. stand for? Why do people say Washington, D, C.” when they speak about the US capital. After doing ex. 1 and ex. 2 decide who in your class knows the country (and its people) best. Let him/her be a visiting professoi from New York and ask him: 1) why Washington, D. C. is a special city; 2) what oceans wash the US in the east and in the west; 3) what he/she can tell you about the Statue of Liberty; 4) what he/she can tell you about the American flag; 5) when the story of the “Wild West” began and why people went west 6) who native Americans are; 7) when and why Americans began to celebrate Thanksgiving Day MOTHER’S ADVICE at mv’’sch3^?ikp«^m morning and said to her, “No one HonT 1 ’ Mother The teachers don’t, and the children: “WeU Harrl >> ^^-t^ors hate me.’’ Pprhans’vmi mother answered. “It is such . sad news.: Perhaps you aren t very nice to them. If . few . people don’t like . person it may not be his fault;* but if . lot of . people Sly ieeds “That’s . good advice. Mother,” Harry said. “But I’m too old to change. I don t want to go to school.” Don t be so silly Harry,” his mother said. “You have to go. You quite well, and you still have . important things to learn. And besides that, you re the headmaster of the school.” Ш ■ m m LET US READ Learn to read these proper names, @54. и ncountables money hair advice work information weather knowledge progress It is useful information. What wonderful advice! What long hair! It is fresh milk. What fine weather! What big money! What clean air! It is such tasty water. What interesting work! It is such necessary news. It is such great progress. It is important knowledge Countables in the singular It is a poor answer. It is an easy job. It is such a lovely flower! She is such a nice girl! What an interesting trip! What a dangerous road! Kennedy Airport [.kenodi ’еэрэ:1], Hollywood [‘holiwuid], Disneyland [‘diznilaend], California [,kaeli’fo:ni3], Philadelphia [,fib’delfi9], Texas [‘teksas], Manhattan [maen’hsetn], the Bronx Zoo [.bmpks ‘zu;], the Metropolitan (Museum) [бэ ,metr9’pDlit9n], the Niagara Falls [69 nai.aegoro ‘f9:lz]. .♦Ж • *. ♦Ю Countables in the plural They are short stories. These are attractive ideas. They are such funny boys. What clever animals! Read the dialogue, ®55, and say what other places in the USA the children could visit besides the places that they are going to see. Ш « « A TRIP TO THE USA Teacher: Hi, everybody! I’ve got some great news for you. At the end of April your group — the winners of “English Learners Contest”^ — is going to the USA! It’s fantastic! Wow! I can’t believe it! It’s too good to be true I knew it! I knew it! Please be quiet. I’m here to tell you all you want to know, but if you make so much noise, I won’t be able to do it. Volodya: When are we leaving? What places are we going to visit? Tanya: Misha: Volodya: Irina: Teacher: / together) ^ fault — вина ^ a contest [‘kontest] — конкурс i Teacher: We are starting on the 23rd of Apriljnd we^are Tanya: Teacher: Тгог^£у.1Геш:1уе;о to New York, Kennedy Airport. How long are we going to stay in New or Only two days, but it’s long enough to see the inain sights LET US TALK Irina: Teacher: Misha: Tanya: Misha: Volodya: Teacher: Ше Statue of Liberty, Manhattan, the famous skyscraperg^ the Metropolitan and the Bronx Zoo. But New York is in the east and I have always wanted to see Hollywood and Disneyland. Are we going to go to Cali. fornia too? ^ _ X • r> X ^ i Yes, we are, but only at the end of our trip Between Ne» York and California we’ll go to Philadelphia, the birth-place of American democracy, and Washington, D. C. Just Philadelphia and Washington? Aren’t we going U Texas? I’ve always wanted to meet cowboys or even takf part in a rodeo [rou’deiou]. | What’s a rodeo, Misha? | Don’t you know? It’s when cowboys ride wild horses ot| catch wild horses throwing a lasso [Ise’su:]. I saw it it a film. I’d like to see the Niagara Falls. Could we please go there! Sorry, boys, not this time. We’ve got only ten days алс four wonderful places to see. I’m sure you’ll love them’ But if you win another contest (and we’re having it ii| May) who knows . we may have a chance. ! 9 Work in pairs. Imagine that one of you knows everything зЬси*. the trip to the USA (ex. 6) and the other knows very little. Asl questions to find out more. Example: The group of children won the English learners contest. I a) When did the contest take place? — It was in Septenij ber last year. b) How many schools took part in it? — Four. c) Where did the contest take place? — In school 28. 1. They are flying from Sheremetyevo to New York, Kennedy Air port. 2. They are going to stay in New York for two days. 3. They won’t visit Texas. 4. A rodeo is an exciting show. 5. The Niagara Falls is a wonderful place to visit. ^Say what the group of children could see In New York. Philadelphia, Washington, D. C., and California. If necessary, look it up or ask your parents and teachers. ^ Role-play the dialogue from ex. 6. worts a Ж wortt- Example: First the children went to Shannon to make a atop. first, then, after that, later, finally b) Imagine that you are planning a tour around the world. Say where you are going to go and why. Use the following information. Example: First I’m going to Greece to see the Acropolis [э’кгорэЬз]. Then . Egypt Greece Rome India France Ш the Great Sphinx and the pyramids [‘piramidz]. the place of the first Olympic Games the ancient ruins elephants the Eiffel Tower [,aifl ‘taua] c) Choose any places you would like to visit and say why. Example: I would like to go to Paris to visit the Louvre [‘1игуг(э)]. Ш •.v*%va ^j^^^We are sure that some of you would like to go to the USA. Think of five good reasons why you would like to go there. ► 3* Imagine .ha. you are going .o »lsl. .he USA. Wha. means o. .ran,, port will you choose: »!• 1 Wo ffet to the country; 2) to travel about the country? Why? Retell the story “Mother’s Advice” from ex. 4 in reported speech, let os write tir^’^thliJ^universSr® (friends) at university, when they en-; person^orwhich a character rescued and what book it was; wher^ and^howTw^i;^®’^ animals and; holidaysf ^e/she writes brief letters, has brief talks or brief 8) what languages he/she would like to speak fluently. Do ex. 1, ex. 3, ex. 4 in writing saying what you’d like other people to do instead of you. Use the example. v. ‘write a short story about the characters from ex. 6 visiting the USA. Example: I don’t want to speak to Mr Winston. I want . I don t want to speak to Mr Winston. I want my Granny to speak to him. I want her to speak to Mr Winston on Monday. X!ti Express the same in English. 1 Какого цвета волосы твоей сестры? 2. Какого цвета глаза тво ей сестры? 3. Это очень интересные сведения. 4. Это очень инте ресные рассказы. 5. Это очень интересная сказка. 6. Какие nf чальные новости! 7. Какие печальные дети! 8. Какая печальна; женщина! 9. Это такие смешные котята! 10. Это такая смешна; обезьянка! 11. Это такая смешная новость! 1. I wouldn’t like to enter this college. I would like . 2. I don t expect you to finish the job. I expect . 3. I don’t want to write a letter to John. I want . 4. I don’t want to look after Nelly’s cat. I expect . 5. I wouldn t like to invite Stephen to our party. I would like . 6. I don’t want to pay for the ticket. I want . Read the headlines and match the beginnings of the stories with them. lUnit 16 Geographical Outlook A. A Brief Answer B. The Mountan Rescue Service at Work C. A Surprise D. Heart Health Mary’s granny was nearly 70 and Mary’s parents wanted to give the old lady a nice birthday present. But their idea of “a nice present” was different from Mary’s. One day they even had a long argument about. LET US REVIEW Work in pairs. Interview your partner. Find out: 1) if he/she lives in an agricultural area, where exactly; 2) if he/she has ever argued with his/her parents (teachers), when exactly; 3) if he/she has been injured, when exactly; Allan Hobbs was a very lazy student at school. Nobody could make him work or be helpful. He fought with other pupils, was rude to the teachers. One day a letter came to Allan’s parents with his school record^ . school record — школьная характеристика John’s brother was fast asleep when the telephone rang. He wolT up immediately and in less than five minutes he was ready to start ‘There will be a lot of injured people in this awful snowfall,” thought looking out of the window. ’ When Dave Morgan was young, he played a lot of games and he was thin and strong. But when he was forty-five, he began to get fat and slow down. His speech was not as fluent as before, and when he walked rather fast, he felt a sudden pain in his heart. He did not do anything about this for a long time, but finally. Look at the pictures and ask Mrs Morgan to let these people and animals do what they want. Example: Let Nelly wash up. Nelly Complete the situations saying when and where you saw (heard, watched, noticed) people doing these things. Example: I saw Alice (to play) with her little kitten . . I saw Alice playing with her little kitten in the yard last Sunday. 1. I noticed Susie (to pass) our school. 2. I heard David (to play) rock music. 3.1 watched Chris (to climb) that dangerous hill. 4.1 saw Peter (to speak) to Mark. 5.1 watched Betty (to put) a white dress on her doll. Express the same in English. 1. Позволь нам остаться с тобой. 2. Мы полагаем, что наши родители вернутся рано. 3. Мне бы хотелось, чтобы ты выпил стакан молока. 4. Я слышала, как кто-то звонил в дверь. 5. Мы наблюдали за тем, как утята плавали в реке. 6. Я хочу, чтобы мой брат поступил в Московский университет. 7. Я заметила, что Николай спит в кресле. 8. Я слышала, как доктор Смит играет на скрипке. 9. Мы полагаем, что скоро придёт весна. LET US READ AI\ID LEARIU The Past Perfect Tense had + Ved/Vj by 5 o’clock; by Sunday; by that time; by the by the second of May My cousin had left by the first of April, My father had written the letter by that time. . when . after . before end of the year; ‘T The train had already left when we arrived. Mother had cleaned the flat before her cousin returned. After she had cried she felt better. The students hadn’t finished the test when the bell rang. When we arrived, the train hadn’t left yet. ■ — Had you read the book up to the end before she asked you for it? — Yes, I had. See Reference Grammar, part 2, p. 156—157 » ф ш ♦ Ф I Look at the pictures and say what had happened before ^ came back home from school. p. Bob had cleahod the flat with a vacuum cleaner bet,, ^ Alex came back home from school. 3 ^Granny @1^ 5 Caroline and Ann : 7 Uncle Roger 8 Frieda Ann had lived in London for two years. When she returned to Los Angeles, she understood that many things had changed in her city. Say what had changed. Example: A new school had appeared near her house. a new school/to appear her cousins/to grow up the roads/to become wider the streets/to become cleaner the shops/to get more modern a lot of Japanese cars/to appear a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean. \ Grasslands [fq:ml£end] in England is in the southeast. Grasslands [graslaendz] are good for sheep to feed on. [‘waildlsendz] left in Britain. Most of them are Ш the north. In the USA people can enjoy the beauty of wild ■*> America in parks, forests and v^dl^. ^ parents [.Qreit’graend.peorants] are our grandparents’ A canoe^ [konui] is an Indian boat, M Siberia is famous for its endless [‘endlis] forests. Rivers are used as waterways [‘wo:toweiz]. > b) Look these words up in your vocabulary to make sure that you X have guessed right. Read the words, look them up and then study the word combina- > tions and sentences to know how to use them, mighty [maiti] (adj): a mighty nation, a mighty army, a mighty !•! king, a mighty empire. The Atlantic is a mighty ocean. to rise [raiz], rose, risen (v): The River Volga rises in the Valdai Hills. The Angara rises in Lake Baikal, The Nile rises in Lake Victoria. ■*.’ to stretch [stretj] (v): to stretch out one’s arm, to stretch the rope, ■’ to stretch one’s legs. The forests stretched for miles. The valley X stretched away into the distance as far as the eye could see. She;-; got out of bed and stretched. He stretched out his arm to try;-; and get the apple. I decided to stretch my legs after dinner. The > wicked children stretched the rope across the path. ;• a shore [fo:] (n): a sea shore, shores of a lake, on the shore of the ocean, to walk along the shore. It is difficult to walk on such ;• a rocky shore. She sells seashells on the seashore. We could see ;• some tall trees on the other shore of the lake. a beach [bi:tj] (n): a sandy beach, a beach ball, a beach chair. They went down to the beach for a swim. We sat on the beach and ate our sandwiches. Some of the beaches are badly^ littered, a desert [‘dezot] (n): The Sahara Desert, a hot desert wind, desert areas, a desert island. Do you know where the Sahara Desert, the Gobi Desert and the Karakum Desert are situated? Robinson Cru- \ soe lived for many years on a desert island, a chain [tjein] (n): a. chain of mountains, a gold chain. She always ; wears a gold chain round her neck. Could you show the main ; mountain chains on the map of America? an attraction [a’tra^kjn] (n): The Tower of London is a great attrac- ; tion for tourists. Cinema has little attraction for some people, a skyscraper [‘skai,skreip3] (n): a tall skyscraper. New York is a city ; of skyscrapers. Are there any skyscrapers in Moscow? a mixture [‘mikstjb] (n): a bottle of cough mixture. I listened to his ■ story with a mixture of surprise and admiration. ^ badly — 3d. очень KV.*.* a mdS pot:’Xerica h^^ a melting pot since its beginning^’ ^ ^’«’n9 the words. ШР Match the words with their definitions v;*. ij > ♦ ♦ i .♦ • I « • • ♦ • • a chain mighty a skyscraper great-grandparents a melting pot a mixture to rise a desert grassland a very high building different things put together to begin a number of connected things sandy country with little water and few plants your grandparents* parents wild, open land covered mainly with grass strong, powerful _ a place where there is a mixing of people of different races [’reisiz] and nationalities Describe the picture, use the words: a beach, a sea shore, a mighty river, a chain of mountains, to melt, a valley, a tourist attraction Northern Africa imghty rivers with high banks; endless tall forests; ; portant waterways; wildlands; open lands stretching for miles and miles Siberia high mountains; mighty waterfalls; rocky moun-tain peaks; deep valleys and green meadows; a lot 01 deep lakes with high shores; wild deer the Scottish Highlands farmlands; flat tulip fields; very few wildlands; a lot of short rivers with low banks; no mountain chains; no deserts; green meadows; corn fields East Anglia the Sahara Desert; two mounteiin ranges; bare^ rocky land; dry climate; the world’s highest temperatures; no true winter season ‘■’Ш ♦>»I« тш :->:Ш •>»Х •»»3 Use the words from ex. 9, ex. 10 to complete the sentences. 1. Rivers have always been used as important____2. A . is a long, light, narrow boat, first used by American Indians. 3. — What do; children usually do on the . —Oh, they make sandcastles, lie in the sun, swim and play with big bright balls. 4. This tea is . of three different sorts. 5. Disneyland is a place full of . both for children and grown-ups. 6. At what temperature does ice . 7. Do you know where the Moskva River . 8. From the deck they could see a beautiful cottage on the . of the sea. 9. There were some rocks on the eastern . of the lake. 10. The . was sandy and we often played there in summer. 11. The eagle flew up to the sky on its . wings. ш ш mm уШ уШ li Nouns millions of stars thousands of people hundreds of books Numerals five million dollars six thousand cars three hundred letters banks of the river shores of the lake of the sea of the ocean 1. There were hundreds of beautiful flowers in my granny’s garden. I would like you to go to the florist’s and buy three hundred roses. a melting pot 1) тигель, ёмкость для плавки металлов; 2) место, где собираются вместе и живут представители различных рас и национальностей ^ bare [Ьеэ] — зд. пустой, оголённый ♦« « • • * • « « • ‘ о Qbo hflH flt least four thousand pupils. ?Sousands of pupils visit Disneyland every year. 3. Millions of books are collected in the best libraries of the ^I°know five million answers to your question, Daddy,” said the young princess. Read the text and sav what fnr»te ^ heard before ^ tacts mentioned m it you have never Express it in English. a) Миллионы писем, тысячи вопросов, сотни озёр, миллионы лиц, тысячи улыбок, сотни голосов. b) Пятьсот слов, шесть тысяч домов, семь миллионов деревьев, триста мячей, восемьсот игрушек, три миллиона фунтов, двадцать семь тысяч рублей, двести городов. Listen to the song “This Land Is Your Land”, ®56, then sing it. THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND (words and music by Woody Guthrie) I. This land is your land, this land is my land. From California to the New York Island, From the Red-wood forest to the Gulf Stream waters This land was made for you and me. As I went walking that ribbon^ of highway^ I saw above me that endless sky-way, I saw below me that golden valley, This land was made for you and me. LET US READ Learn to read these words, @ 57. Al^ka [alassks], Hawaii [hs’waii;], Florida [‘flnrida], Yosemite [jou’semiti] Valley, Yellowstone [[jebustoun], the Mississippi [misi’sipi], the Missouri [mizuan], the Appalachians [.aspa’leit/ianz], European [juoro’pbn], China [tjaino], Southeast Asia [,sau0’i;st ‘ег/э], the Caribbean [kaen’bi.sn] Sea, the Grand Canyon [‘kasnjan], the Colorado [,knb’ra:d3u], the Rocky [rakj] Mountains (Rockies). ^ a ribbon [‘пЬэп] — лента a highway fhaiwei] ^ шоссе, большая дорога m COUNTRY AND PEOPLE (after Terry Tomsha and Teresa Cox) thele^states АЫк^America. Two of ^X^l states You can see it on connected to the other;::;. ;::> ^fic Oceaii in tlT^^^SaiS^ SSal! ШШ GrSris! ‘ In the north ;;:;Щ The US is a ^nrge country with many natural wonders. It goes froin the shores of the Atlantic Ocean to the islands of Hawaii the Pacific, and from cold, snowy northern Alaska to sunny Florida. m the southeast. The US has almost every kind of weather. Also, it has many kinds of land — rorWv nop=t ^ small village then without any attractions. ” 4. “Why are you asking me all these questions?” 5. W^hen Granny told me all those things while I was with her, ‘ I couldn’t understand how we had all met. ” Describe the place where a) Dick’s mother was born; b) Dick’s great-grandmother had a farm. »»z Ш m v:*:; • ♦. Unit 17 Political Outlook LET US REVIEW Choose one of the two forms. 1. Our school gets . (hundred, hundreds) of letters every year. .. 2. Five . (hundred, hundreds) new houses were built in our city last year. 3. You can see . (million, millions) of stars in the night sky. 4. Six . (million, millions) tourists visited Rome last summer. ; ivL 5 Our library has received four . (thousand, thousands) Ыокз 6. . (thousand, thousands) of pupils nowadays try to lea^ two foreign languages. Answer the following questions using the words and word combi, nations of ex. 9, ex. 10 (Unit 16). 1. What do you call your grandparents’ parents? 2. Do lakes have banks or shores? What about rivers? 3. How do Americans describe themselves as a nation? 4. What is the most famous desert in Africa? 5. What buildings are typical of New York centre? At what temperature does ice melt? Where do rivers usually rise? What adjective can you use to describe the Mississippi and the Volga? What is your favourite attraction in Moscow? What mountain chain separates Europe from Asia? Try and form compound words.’ Use the following: weather, green, scraper, maker, lands, land, sun, maker, farm, shine, sky, house, glove, holiday, storm, rain, man, low, wild Say: a) what these people had done before noon and b) what had happened by the end of the day. Use the words below. Look at the pictures and ■ o’clock on Sunday (the ohrasec: by , T.T 1 г, . Phrases m the word box will help you). Exampl^ Nick had washed his bicycle by six o’clock. Nick to wash a bicycle to bake a cake to do the shopping to take the dog for to hang a picture to rescue a fox to watch a film to look through the magazine SIX Before noon Example: Ann: to write the letter — Ann had written the letter before noon. vM/ Bill; to repair his bicycle Nelly: to do her homework Sarah; to dig the garden Tim: to write a story Polly; to cook dinner Sam; to clean his room the children: to plant twenty trees Chris: to lie in the sun By the end of the day Example: the rain: to stop — The rain had stopped by the end of the day. the rainbow; to appear the play: to end the rain; to begin the race: to finish the sky; to clear the concert: to start the storm: to stop the snow: to start 0 ro^=“bedroom^ (compounds [kam’paundz]) – сложные слова, например: bed + Report what these people asked or said. Example: Phil: There were many wildlands in America. — Phil said there had been many wildlands in America. Ann: Did you see any skyscrapers in New York? — Ann asked if I had seen any skyscrapers in New York. 1. Kitty: What did you find on the beach? 2. Oleg: Where did you see a canoe? 3. Frank: How long did they travel in the Sahara Desert? 4. Alice: How far did the plain stretch? V**. ^5 5 Sam: What do you call the mixture you have prepaid? 6 Nick: Were there many people on the bank of the river? 7. Betty: Have you heard anything of the mighty American rivers? LET US READ AMD LEARM Reported Usually Present Indefinite ^ Past Indefinite 1. Mother said, “I want a cup of tea.” Mother said that she wanted a cup of tea. 2. Sam said, “I am in Moscow for the first time.” Sam said that he was in Moscow for the first time. Usually Past Indefinite о Past Perfect 1. My friend said, “We met long ago.” My friend said that they had met long before. 2. Linda said, “My father bought a new car.” Linda said that her father had bought a new car. Speech General truth, facts Present Indefinite ^ Present Indefinite 1. The teacher said, “Water boils at 100 degrees Centigrade.” ; The teacher said that water ! boils at 100 degrees Centi’ | grade. I 2. Sam said, “Moscow is a beautiful city.” Sam said that Moscow is a beautiful city. I Exact time in the past | Past Indefinite^Past Indefinite 1. My friend said, “We met on March 2.” I My friend said that they met on March 2. 2. Linda said, “My father bought a car in 1995.” Linda said that her father i bought a car in 1995. Report what these people said. earth moves round the sun. Two by two is four.” The teacher said: ► The student said: | “Nothing can harm a good “The bridge is the Brooklyn [‘bruki in famou! Socrates [’sokrotiiz] said; ‘”WOL Idrr bridge in New York. The professor said: “The War of Independence ЬедапЛ in 1775 and ended in 1783.” ) “The Civil Wari T –*—- V 1861 and ended in 1865.” The history teacher explained: ‘П America began Nick added: ^JTMexander Pushkin was born in 1799^ Kate thought: Nelly mentioned: “It never snows in Africa. “isjeil Armstrong, an American astronaut, /Alimi-i wi 1^» iOCQ ” stepped on the Moon ,n 1969. Tom said: The officer added: * Express the same in English. 1. Анна объяснила, что лёд тает при температуре О градусов. 2. Филипп сказал, что приехал в Россию в июле. 3. Анна добавила, что Филипп любит путешествовать. 4. Сюзи знала, что Шекспир родился в 1564 году, и сказала об этом друзьям. 5. Роберт спросил, когда умер Лев Толстой. 6. Учитель рассказал нам, что римляне впервые пришли на Британские острова в первом веке до нашей эры. 7. Джон сказал, что он был в России три раза, 8. Мы все знали, что Колумб открыл Америку в 1492 году. 9. Анна хотела знать, где берёт своё начало Волга. 10. Борис сказал, что никогда не бывал в пустыне. ♦1« ♦ж ♦1« i ♦1« ♦Ж Ш ¥ 42а к т ♦V ♦т« т t a) Read and guess what the underlined words mean. 1 The rnnstitution [,konsti’tju;Jn] is the main law of the country. 2. When people elect their government, they take part in the gleg. tion [I’lekjn]. ,. – , . ^ 3. A congress [‘koogres] is a large meeting of people coming fro^ different parts of the country. Congressmen and congresswon^ are members of the US Congress.. 4. The Senate f’senit] is one of the houses in the Ub Congress. A senator [’senatg] is a member of the law-making senate. 5. All the newspapers that are published in a country are calleij the Press [pres]. 6. Religion [n’licfesn] is believing in God or gods. 7. A helper is someone who helps. 8. The vice-president [,vais ’prezidant] in the US is elected together with the president of the country. 9. The Cabinet [’kasbinit] is a group of important ministers who help a president giving him advice on different problems. 10. I am sure everything will be all right, I can guarantee [,gasr9n’ti:j it. 11. It’s often easy to begin a war but difficult to end it. 12. Slavery [‘slen-anj is a system by which people (slaves) can be owned by other people. b) Look these words up to make sure that you have guessed right. Read the words, look them up and study the word combinations and sentences to know how to use them. a representative [,repri’zent9tiv] fnj: an important representative, representatives of the country, people’s representatives. In the group of tourists there were representatives of many cities, to represent [.repn’zent] f oj: to represent sb at the conference (meeting, competition). Who is going to represent your class at the competition? a trunk [tr/\j)k] fnj: 1. the trunk of a tree, I sat down on a fallen tree trunk. A hole in the trunk of a big tree was a good home for the squirrel and her young. 2. an elephant’s trunk. With the help of its trunk an elephant takes food and water and puts them to its mouth. a support [s9‘po:t] (n): your friends’ support. Will you help me? 1 need your support. to support (V): to support sb in sth. Will you support me in the pofte^X^m wanted to go to the zoo but nobody sup- obey the rules, to obey orders. They obeyed me without a question. Do you always obey your parents? а term [tsrm] (n): 1. to have a 2. A tain are going term is a period of time between two elections whpn president or a political party is in power ^ a cer- an amendment [amendmant] fn;: an amendment tr. tbo n to make amendments. Changes in the •• amendments. ® ® Constitution are called ;;; to declare [diklea] (“у;: to declare war on a country, to declare the meeting open, to declare one’s loyalty to the country Germany didn’t declare war on Russia in 1941 Jack wpq ^ ner of the fight. I now declare S meeting open ^ a bill [bil] (^)- >■ a hotel bill, a restaurant bill, an electricity bill :■ The bill for dinner was over twelve dollars. Last month my fam-ily got a large telephone bill. ^ -■ parliament the Bill of Rights, to pass a bill, to defeat i’: a bill- The American Congress has just passed a new bill on edu- •: cation. The job of any parliament is to study bills and either pass ■-or defeat them. ^ ;• a decision [di^sisn] (n): an important decision, the right decision, the wrong decision, to take/make a decision. I think that I made •: the wrong decision. It isn’t always easy to make a decision, to vote [v9ut] (v): to vote for/against something. When you vote, • you make your choice or give your opinion by raising your hand ^ or writing on a piece of paper. The people voted “yes” on the : referendum [.refa’rendsm]. a court [ko;t] (n)\ the Supreme Court. Silence in court! Her case^ -: will be heard in the court. to judge [cfeAcfe] (v): to judge a case, to judge a competition, to judge ; the dogs at a dog show, as far as I can judge, it’s difficult to ; judge, judging by. Who will judge the next case? Judging by ; what everyone says about him, he will win the race, a judge (n): a court judge, Judge Simpson, a judge at the competi- :; tions, a judge of music, a judge of poetry. She is a good judge:’ of character. I’m no judge of music but I know what I like, a citizen [‘sitizn] (n): an American citizen, citizens of Moscow. She is a British citizen but lives in India. When did he become a US citizen? no matter how (what, where, when, who, why) means that it makes no difference how (what, where, when, who, why). Г11 finish the job, no matter how long it takes. I’ll go there, no matter what you may say. , , , ; all in all means taken together. All in all we spent ten days travelling in Italy. , armed forces are the military forces of the country. What can you say about the British armed forces? m m § Ш %ViVw ♦ ♦ • »t ♦ ♦ Ш ‘Ш .%V %?4 0^ same aay. 6. Mr Brown had to give his seat to the offirpr 7. Mr Brown was given another seat on ihi f 8. The important officer arrived in EdinbSro-?T®’ • 9. Mr Brown was late for the lecture. a lecture. Answer these questions. 1. Why was it difficult to travel bv ^ War? ^ the Second World 2- during the war-^ 3. Why did very few people know how imnnri=,ni л/г r, 4. Where did Mr Brown have to fly one^av?^ ^ 5. What for did he have to fly to Linburgh? 6. Why couldn t Mr Brown fly to Edinburih? E ri.s;u”r„‘s’b‘“ghr^ •.v;v .•.vJv .\v>> .•.v;v • • «4ni? Л ж Unit 18 » ♦ # ф ♦ ♦ ♦ • • Ф Ф* L I » ф *.v*vl4 * * ^ • * * •.•AW ;» .•♦♦A • ♦ • American Presidents a LET US REVIEW Remember at least five things about the US political system. Com pare them with what the other students have remembered. Example: The US Congress makes up laws. Complete the sentences using the words and word combinations from the box. no matter, all in all, election, leap year, decision, Press, religions, representative, trunk, judge (2), amendments, support, citizen 1 Thirty days has September, April, June and wcyemoer all 1. Thirty days na j^as twenty-eight alone, but for 2t I SIX pupils yet, Гт afraid. 6. time it is going to that the Queen is a June and November, au the rp«t hflve thirtv-one. i^’ebruary паи uwcuy —–: TMt’s the time when February has twenty-nine. 2 I want all tiie I can get, I really need help. 3. He has been a British . S his life 4 There are 12 girls and 14 boys in our class: twenty. 5^__What’s your . — I haven t decided anything Are there any . to this law? 7* *** ^Uch take we still have to do this job. 8. They say good . of horses. 9. The court consists of a number of . Ю. What has a . though it is not a tree? 11 America is often described as a melting pot and people of dif. ferent . live there side by side. 12. The head teacher couldn’t be present himself, but he sent his . to the meeting. 13. It s difficult to imagine modern life without the . r newspapers, magazines and journals. 14. At a general . the people of Britain vote to choose which party will form the government. The year 1980 was a leap year. Say which of these years were also leap years. 1970, 1976, 1982, 1984, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1996. EF Open the brackets and use the correct forms of the verbs. 1. My friend was sure that Ferdinand Magellan [Тз:6тэп6 тэ’деЬп] (discovered/had discovered) Australia. But I told him he (is/wa^) wrong. 2. Our history teacher explained to us that the Revolutionary War in America (tooh/had taken) place in the 18th century. 3. Betty knew that she (did/had done) everything she could to win the competition. 4. We asked Professor Smith when he (came/had come) to Moscow and how many places of interest he already (saw! had seen), 5. Little John believed that Canada (is/was) in the South of the American Continent. 6. We all wanted to know where in New York the Statue of Liberty (is/was) situated. 7. The children asked what cities in the USA we (saw/had seen), 8. Father told me that I (made/had made) a mistake in my school test. 9. We all knew that Germany (didn*t declare/hadn’t declared) war on the Soviet Union in 1941. 10. He said he always (supported/had supported) T +• I,- ^^^tinuous 1. I was meeting him at 3 o’clonV , . 2. While I was cooking, she wa4 va 3. When he came in, I Past Perfect 1. I said I had met him the day before 2. Our boss had signed all the мпЛ/к ^ 3. The meeting had begun before в/ «’dock. came. ^•choose the right item. ^ 1. When we got up, the a) already rose b) had already risen c) has already risen sun me. 11. Not all the pupils knew that the US President (is/was) the/ Commander in Chief of the country’s armed forces. | Incomplete __________ ‘ 1. When 1 2. Many years ago people . a) wore funny clothes b) wear funny clothes c) had worn funny clothes 3. I . home very early yesterday afternoon. a) had come b) was coming c) came 4. When we entered the hall, the music .. loudlv a) was playing b) played c) had played 5. While niy friend I wp watching the birds, a) fished b) had fished c) was fishing 6. He said I . up the story myself. a) made b) make c) had made 7. My elder brother . school 3 a) finishes b) finished 8. Before mother called us, she . the table, a) set b) was setting c) had set years ago. c) had finished FOCUS Past Simple 1. I met him yesterday. cottage, opened the door and looked into the room. 3. We used to travel a lot when we were young. > * * • vW ■ the sentences opening the brackets. и I’^ng, the children (to run) into the classroom and seats. 2. When I opened the door, the lesson (to begin) and the teacher (to explain) something to the class. 3. Before we (to take) the boy to the theatre, he (never to see) a play. 4. I (to clean) the carpet when the dog (to come) and (to shake) himself. 5. By the^ ime we (to arrive) the party (to finish), 6. — What you (to do) when’ i (to call) you? — 1 (to cook), 7. When 1 (to get) to the playground,: hiy friend already (to leave) so I (not to see) him that day. 8. We: [to have) a good long holiday after we (to do) all the work. ■ш .4%vJC4 Wm * ♦ ♦чА УЛЛЩ щ ■уШ 4. LET US READ AlUP LEARM Phrasal Verb to take 1. to take after — быть похожим на кого-либо из старших род. ЕуегуЗГ’зауа that I take after my father, but my little brother Paul takes after our mother. 2. to take away — убрать, унести (прочь), увести (прочь) If you are not going to eat the cake, take Could you take the children away: I don t think they should see this film. 3. to take off — a) снимать (об одежде); b) взлетать (о самолёте, вертолёте) . . , Таке your coat and hat off, it’s quite warm in here. When is the time for the aeroplane to take off? 4. to take back — отнести на место, вернуть Don’t forget to take the books back to the library. We made the girl take the dog back to its master. 5. to take down — a) снимать; b) записывать <под диктовку) I hate this picture on the wall up there and I want to take it down. Let’s take the curtain down and wash them. Would you like to take my telephone number down? Complete the sentences using the missing words. 1. He came home, took . his shoes and changed his clothes. 2, Can I ask you to take this bicycle . to Peter? 3. I was surprised to see how much the boy took . his father. 4. We’ve got to take . all the portraits in the classroom and dust them. 5. I don’t need the magazines anymore, you can take them . 6. Look, the plane is going to take — 7. What are all these books doing here? Why don’t you take them . to the bookcase? 8. There are a few words that I want you to take . 9. The king ordered them to take the boy . and punish him. Express the same in English. 1. Можно мне снять свитер? На улице очень тепло. 2. Как только самолет взлетел, у меня ужасно разболелась голова. 3. Я хочу, ^^писал мой новый адрес. 4. Все дети похожи на свое-KRMrv веселые и работящие. 5. Пожалуйста, отнеси эту SS снимем^Г старая. . 7. Убери отсюда свои игрушки, пожалуйста. ► enough + N enough money enough time enough water enough books Enough Adj/Adv/V +enough warm enough good enough well enough to earn enough 0 Express the same in a different way. Example: He has a lot of money. He can buy a car He has enough money to buy a car. Jup TteVt HVhfrto"d7thr:e go to ted he did only two. 3. The BardS « trees. He had only three trees. 4. You eat very little Yn f «hn,,T^ eat more. 5 This house is very big and .11 S tamUyl^S own rooms. 6. The boy IS not very strong. He can’t carry this box !‘hfs‘dT,ta7arLf,';' translate IF Complete the sentences, make them true. 1. Yesterday I didn’t have enough time . 2. My room is not big enough to . . 3. We didn’t have enough chairs when . . 4. I’m old enough to . . 5. I have enough money to . 6. Last*Sunday I was lazy enough to . 7. In this classroom we have/don’t have enough . Express the same in English. Достаточно холодно; достаточно хорошо; достаточно хороший; до-; статочно мила; достаточно зарабатывать; достаточно чисто; доста-; точно еды; достаточно трудиться. а) Read and guess what the underlined words mean. 1. “Good evening, ladies ['leidiz] and gentlemen [’cfeentlman]. I am very glad you’ve all come here!” 2. He is an honest man. I admire his honesty ['onisti], 3. In the USA a militia [mi'lijs] is like an army but its members are not professional soldiers. 4. My granny always tells me stories before I go to bed. She is n good storyteller ['sto:ri,tel3]. 5. He got his education in Oxford. He is a very educated man. A major ['meic<59] is an officer of middle rank in the army. * •-♦-♦I'*’ 1 ж 4* On 'ftraway [fnSve.] place is one that is far from you. If you 1ц 9 h?vf.'afflcs [tfansl to visit London? b>Look those words op to make sore yoo have goessed right. Bead the words, look them “P “”‘‘.•”f, tions and sentences to know how to use the . orivate r’praivitl (adi): a private room, a private shower, a private garden, a private interview, a private discussion, private thoughts, private plMS. Something that is private is for one person only or for a small group of people. I have always wanted to have to shooV^LIkt ™sho’t, shot (v): to shoot well, to s^ot badly, to shoot at something. The men were ready to shoot. He snot at the bird but missed. to shoot an arrow:^ I shot an arrow into the air, to measure [‘шезэ] (v)i to measure land, to measure length and width, to measure the room. To measure means to find the size, length and width of things and people. You can measure the length of the box with a ruler. The dressmaker measured lady Ascott. a measure (n): The metre is a measure of length, to trust [trASt] (u): to trust a person, to trust one’s words, to trust one’s advice. Everybody liked and trusted him. She didn’t trust anybody to look after her child. Do you really trust his advice? to respect [n’spekt] fvj: to respect people, to respect somebody’s feelings, to respect somebody’s courage, to respect traditions. If you respect someone, you think well of him and his ideas. Do you respect such people, such politicians? respect ;: to borrow a book from the library to borrow •‘••••Й’ one’s car, to borrow one’s bicycle, to borrow word7bom otheT-;::*:^ languages. »>l4 1. To borrow means to ask for something that belongs to anoth- ‘-X’^S er person and promise that you will give it back. Could I borrow your car for tomorrow? 2. to borrow words, to borrow ideas. English has borrowed a lot of words from other languages. – \0 a) Nick h3S 7 friends. Say why he respects them. Example: Bob / to look after his little cousins – Nick respects Bob because he looks after his little cousins. ‘УУУШ fXi.– J T_a..l_ / £ • -П,.-!!»! ‘ Decause ne iooks alter ms little cousins. Kitty and Jack / to be friendly and kind — Nick respects Kitty and Jack because they are always friendly and kind. ^ 1. Philip / to be brave 2. Sue / to do everything herself Щ Щ — Ш 3. Апп and Polly / to read a lot and to know; iv>K*t^ much A -ШШ 4. Andy and Alan / to be hon- ■ est ‘♦W 5. Peter / to help birds and animals b) Do you have friends you respect? Say why you respect them. • ?v Ю0с1 8эу« 1) what people encourage small children; 2) how teachers and parents encou ^ 3) what can be pnvate; ^ on hotel and bus (train) service. I! crow* ot people 1„ su„„„ other seasons; . ?! рЙ ?,^?о’ГГр«и.1с.1 events in one county § Kch“hOT?“rs of”,“?‘faveuriS’books spent their ehildh 10) what people usually do to open a door. Sav a few words about the chances you had to do something уоц wanted to do but didn’t use them. Explain why. Example: Last week I had a chance to see ‘ Hamlet > but didn’t (use it) as I had no time (was busy, didn t have the money, couldn’t buy the tickets, etc.). Look at the words and say which of these can be shy, can^t be shy, are hardly ever shy. Example: Generals are hardly ever shy. girls a look kings queens boys a book game poets Gowers a chance generals a smile Mr Brown’s wife died last year. He has a son called Don and a daughter called Alice. In January Mr Brown married Mary, She also has a son John and a daughter called Sara. What is their relationship? Example: John and Sara are Mr Brown’s stepchildren. w 1 Mr Brown . John’s . o’ Sara .■■ Mr Brown’s . Don . Mary’s . A Mary . Alice’s . 5* Mr Brown . Sara s — g’Alice . Mary’s . Listen to the poem “The Arrow and the Sona” ® кл Then learn it by heart. What is the main idea’the THE ARROW AND THE SONG (by H. W. Longfellow) I shot an arrow into the air, It fell to earth, I knew not where-For so swiftlyi it flew, the sight^’ Could not follow it in its flight. I breathed a song into the air, It fell to earth, I knew not where* For who has sight so keen^ and strong That It can follow the flight of a song? Long, long afterward,”* in an oak^ I found the arrow still unbroke; And the song from beginning to end, I found again in the heart of a friend. LET US READ I ▼ Learn to read these words, ®65. Virginia [vo’cfeinia], Philadelphia [.fib’delfia], Mount Vernon [,maunt ‘уз:пэп], New York City [,nju: ‘jo:k ‘siti], Kentucky [ken’tAla], Indiana [,indi’aen9], Aesop’s Fables [‘i;sops Teiblz], Robinson Crusoe [‘rabinsan ’kiusou], Ford’s Theatre [‘fo:dz ‘0ю1э], George Washington ‘wolioton], Abraham Lincoln [‘eibrahsem ‘liqksln], Abe [eib]. ^ swiftly [‘swiftli] — быстро sight [salt] — зрение, взгляд ^ keen [ki:n] — острый afterward [‘(xftawsd] — потом, позже ® an oak [эик] — дуб and read it. poem? • • .4%V: •%%V! • . •••%♦>! ..••vlv ■ * * * ♦ • .*.**%v • • * vKi ■ *.v»;?l 1 i. rtf я\\ the American presidents Read the text and why American history) СеД there are more are especially remembered. Washington and Abranam TWO AMERICAN PRESIDENTS The first US President known to all Americans as “The Father of the Nation” was George Washington. George was born in Virginia into a planter’s^ family. When the boy was eleven, his father died. The family had a lot of land but not enough money to send George to school in England as rich families used to do at that time. The boy went to a private school and, later, two private teachers taught him to be a soldier and a Virginia gentleman. George learned to ride a horse, to hunt, shoot, sail and swim. Because he was good at arithmetic, he also learned to measure land. The young man went to faraway parts of the country to measure land for those who built their houses there. He spent hours on horseback in all kinds of weather. He learned to sleep out, cook his own meals, and work hard every day. Everyone liked and trusted young George. George Washington began his career^ in the service of his country as a major in the Virginia militia and later became Commander in Chief of the Colonial Army during the Revolutionary War. He was among those who wrote the US Constitution in Philadelphia. People respected him for his courage, honesty and wisdom. ^ a planter [’plaints] = a plantation owner ^ a career [кэ’пэ] — карьера дfter the Revolutionary War Washington wanted to retire and ‘ V fat Mount Vernon where he had a beautiful hmiae • Station. But he knew that his duty was to serve his country hI- ”’ P f ied off to New York City which was the capital then On’ Sil 30. before a large crowd Washington promised to ‘- ^pWve/.P>:otect and defrad the Constitution of the United-‘ States”. This is how George Washington became the first President S the country and served two terms. He refused a third term and 1797 he retired to Mount Vernon where he died two years later. ^ Ж 66. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the USA. Like Georgo Washington, he takes a special place in the list of American . ^’”^дЬе grew up in the Middle West. His first home was a small, ne-room house in the woods. His family were pioneers who helped to fight Indians and push the borders of the United States farther-lest. The family lived in poverty. His parents moved from Kentucky to Indiana when Abe was 7, and this was his home for 14 years. Thomas Lincoln, Abe’s father, hoped to make a better living^ there. Soon the mother died. Abe and his sister were lonely-until their father married again. Abe’s stepmother encouraged the; bov to study. Although he had little chance to go to school, he liked, to read. He taught himself by reading the books he could get, such as the Bible, Aesop’s “Fables” and “Robinson Crusoe”. He often walked miles to borrow a book. Abe grew fast. He learned to do the hard work of the pioneer, such as cut trees and take care of the crops.^ He usually won in tests of strength with other boys. Everyone liked him and everyone said he was a born storyteller. But no one could say that this shy young man with a quiet voice would become one of the greatest American presidents. , x t,i- ■ When Abe Lincoln was twenty-one, the family moved to Bhnois fili’noil From then on,^ Abe called Illinois his home. For a while he worked in a store. Later he joined the militia and fought m an Indian War. After the war he walked home with an educated young bwvpr This new friend gave Abe advice to study law. Abrkham Lincoln became a lawyer and ^ д^е® brought their problems to him. They began to call him bone^^ ^ and trusted him to do what was right and honest. rp^putatives excellent speaker. He was elected to the House of ^ in US Congress. In 1861 he became the 16t In the same year the Civil War began, so Lincoln had to ^lead tne country through the four terrible years о . v slavery, northern and southern states to stay together and he hated slavery ^ to preserve [prr’zaiv] — сохранять ^ to make a better living — начать жить лучше crops = harvest ** from then on — c того времени ♦ ♦ ♦ .44Vj» m Ш ‘.VAV. •••A*» ■ ■Ш ■Ш m • +inn Proclamation^ the documg., 1ЙЙЯ he signed the Emancipatio ^ event in the histoj In 1863 he sign North won the Civil War. рЛ of fhT united States.^ln Lincoln was shot in Ford’s The’ nr% ih0 t0xt* ‘ Answer the questions О 2. What things d” 1 Where was George Washmgt ^ George Washi le.”V 4- Why did people «spect й:: I r. ж • T T . learn to do when he was a boy/ o. wxiau vvasnin + ’ do during the Revolutionary War? 4. Why did people respect v ^ 5. What did Washington want to do after the Revolutionary 6. When did George Washington become the first president . . ЛЬгяЬят the Sd S^fshington47come the first president 6. When did Geor&e msnij Abraham Lincoln ЬогЙ 8°Hiw did little Abe teach himself? 9. Why did people like you„’ Ahe Tincoln*^ 10 Who gave Lincoln an idea to become a lawyer? ts happemnlin the country at the t.me ^ was President? 12. What great event in t e istory happened in 1865? Consult the text (ex. 21) and complete the information about th two American presidents. George Washington • was the . American president • was born into a . family • . teachers • when a young man he learned to . • took part in the . War • he was a professional . • people had a lot of respect for him because . • people remember him because Abraham Lincoln • was the . American president • was born into a . family • . no teachers • when a young man he learned to . • took part in the . War • he was a professional . • people had a lot of respect for him because . • people remember him because Compare the two presidents and say which of the two: 1) was born into a rich family 2) went to school 3) enjoyed reading 4) took part in the Revolutionary War 5) became a lawyer 6) was shy 7) wrote the US Constitution 8) was called “The Father of the Nation” 9) made the slaves free 10) died in his home 11) was president during a war 12) grew up in the Middle West Proclamation [i.mffinsi’pei/n .proklo’meijn] — закон об отмене рабства let us talk I Work in pairs. Ask each other ^bout a) George Washington- ы ak®”® 9et того , should use the teblee below a)^george ex. 30. Born February 22, 1732

Birthplace ? Parents Occupations ? Married Martha Custies [‘kAstisL 17.5Q Children ? Age when he became President 57 Died ? b) Abraham Lincoln Born ? Birthplace near Hodgenville [‘hocfeanvil] Parents ? Occupations lawyer Married ? Children four sons Age when he became President ? Died April 15, 1865, age 56 • • ♦ ♦-f * • ♦ . • 1,1T4 • • ♦ Л .4%%V •*.v;v • * ♦ * * ♦ ф^ф Lincoln. Say all you can about a) George Washington; b) Abraham Li Don’t forget to write an outline of your story. I^What other US presidents do you know? What do you know about * them? Ш i? Кг:- К-:- ► ♦ ♦ # ♦ « * ♦ ♦ ♦ • • • • ♦ ♦ « ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ • • а, Match the P»rt-«’jJ,rem“” and the information ^im/her about KJsT?SS«Te!,Th./h^-li’ you can. One Of a) Bill Clinton b) John F. Kennedy c) Abraham Lincoln d) Thomas Jefferson e) George Washington f) Franklin D. Roosevelt Born: February 12, 1809. Died: April 15, 1865. Occupation: lawyer. Important event in his term: Civil War. Interesting fact: the tallest president (6,4 feet =1,95 metres). The 16th American president. В Born: May 29, 1917. Died: November 22, 1963. Occupation: politician, writer. Important event in his term: Cuban Crisis [‘kjubsn ‘kraisis]. Interesting fact: got a prestig* ious [pre’stict59s] prize for newspaper writing; was the youngest person ever elected president. The 35th American president. Born: April 13, 1743. &: 4, 1826. Occupation: lawyer, inventor. Important event in his term: Louisiana Area was bought from France. Interesting fact: had a nickname “Red Fox” (can you guess why?). The 3rd American president. E Born: August, 1946. Died: Occupation: university lecturer, lawyer, governor.* Important event in his term: a terrorist air attack at the World Trade Centre in New York (September, 2001). Interesting fact: didn’t want to serve in the Vietnam War; can play the saxophone [’sasksofoun]. The 42nd American president. dS December U, 1^1 Sr. Int5est?ng & The 1st American president. ‘January 30, 1882. Died: April 12, 1945. ticcupation; lawyer Important event in his term: World War II. Interesting fact: the only pres- 3 terms. ine d2nd American president. • . • * • * * ■•^v*vb •.44%W ■•••VAV *-‘*V*%V •*.v#v5 ■•••VAV •••♦VAV Ш •-♦ТА • • • •.v*VA •.••♦♦♦аФ * • ♦« • . » « • • ♦ ♦ • • •♦♦Л? ’ * • Ф yyyMfi •^VA♦AI •■•V*VA2 »:a% Щ Ш & 0 Say if you know the names of the Russian Presidents Who was the first Soviet President and when? Who was the first Rissian President? • • ♦ AW • • • A%T»_ • • • « * ■ > » Ф * ‘ • ♦ Ф Ф^А| •AV>A •’.•♦•♦❖a Ш if See ex. 25. a) George Washington •.%VAi •.*.VAV Born ? Birthplace Bridges Creek, Virginia Parents ? Occupations land measurer, soldier, planter Married 7 ‘.v*v>5 * .-.vlvj .-.4VA ‘M governor [’длуэпэ] — губернатор • VAV •/AVV • • • ♦л’ ш Children -T Martha’s two children bvT^ first marriage, no chiia”®’’ of his own nren Age when he became President ? Died December 14, 1799, h) Abraham Lincoln Born February 12, 1809 ” Birthplace ? ^ Parents Thomas [‘tomos] and Hanks Lincoln Occupations ? ” Married Mary Todd, 1842 Children ? ‘ Age when he became President 52 Died ? ‘ LET US WRITE IP Do ex, 6, ex, 8, ex. 9, ex, 10 in writing. Express the same in English. никогда не уважал таких людей. 2. Нелл дедушка пойдёт на пенсию. 3. Джон хоте прежде не житт п сестра. 4. Боб сказал мне, что никог; ряют своему новом^дру^ру 6 дТ велосипед. 7. Она скаЕ^«-г« ^ попросил меня подтолкну! ИХ учеников 8 Аииа всегда пытается приободрить св( слуГбе “Sib я» о проработала*^» гост*иничн. лять? 10. Она сказала’ что я просил тебя не стр( (этим шансом). ’ воспользовалась этой возможность! я» Look at the words again and get reariw ■ on them. Ask your parent, relative or friln^ tT!!® ® ®Р®”‘П9 quiz you in Russian. Practise writing thej!^n the words Я gentleman, hnnoo+tr ——- toj^” _________________ willing them in English miol’ farlway, hoiiebSf a’ chm?e‘’ private’?’”l, courage, to borrow stepmother, to en- b) Write the quiz. How many words did vou writ<> you pleased with your result? correctly? Are let us listem aiud discuss a) Make sure you know these: b) Listen to the recording, @67, and say which of these sentences are not true and correct them. emenc •.VAWJ •%%4W3 •.44V>>b ■‘У>Ш \%VtVa 1. Henry was an officer in the US Army. 2. Henry went to London to get educated. 3. In London Henry went to visit his friend who was a doctor 4. Dr Martin Smith was a very good doctor. ’ .-.v.sjra 5. Dr Smith’s patients paid him fifty pounds for their first visit. 6. Henry decided to save five pounds. 7. The doctor explained to Henry that he had to take five different medicines. Listen to the story again and answer the questions. 1. What was Henry’s occupation? 2. How well did Henry shoot? 3. Where did Henry decide to go once? 4. How did he feel in London? 5. What did Henry ask the clerk at the hotel? 6. Why did the clerk recommend Henry Dr Martin Smith? 7. How much did the patients pay for their visits when they came to Dr Smith? 8. Why did Henry say he had already visited Dr Smith? 9. What did the doctor tell Henry to do? 10. Do you think the doctor’s advice will help Henry to recover? m Ш ■ Tell the story “How He Saved 5 Pounds” to your friends. Unit 19 Consolidation Three LET US TALK Say what you remember about: a) • the geography of Scotland • its capital • the Edinburgh festival b) • the geography of Wales • the languages spoken Wales its capital in c) • the US scenery • the US rivers and mountains • the big melting pot • the Revolutionary War • the US Constitution • some of the American presidents iP imaaine that you are going to meet a US Congressman. Prepare 8—10 questions that you would like to ask him about his country. ^ b) Work in pairs. Act out the dialogue with the US Congressman for whom you have prepared your questions. How well do you know Scotland? Give names to the sights in the pictures. Hr t •**v*wji •^VAvJi :*!*%%й4й * * * • • • * • * 1Г1г1Л * • • ^Give five reasons why you would like to go to Wales. Work in pairs and complete the dialogue, give it a title, then act it out. Ludmila: Hi, Dmitry! Where have you been? I haven’t seen vou for^ ages. ^ Dmitry: and then LudmilcL* To the United States? Great! Some people are luckier than others. Did you like it there? Dmitry: Yes, it was wonderful. Our group visited several big cities in the US. Ludmila: . Which of them did you like most? Dmitry: We^went to . But the most interesting was Washington,: Ludmila: Why Washington? I was sure it was not so important as; New York. Dmitry: Washington, D. C. is very important; . Ludmila: Did you go to the place where the US government works? Dmitry: What do you mean by the US government? It is not as easy as you think. Ludmila: All this is very interesting but I didn’t quite get what they do in the Capitol and in the White House. Dmitry: . Ludmila: I hope I’ll have a chance to go to the US some day, see the White House and walk about the Capitol. Comment on this: ‘The USA: one nation, many different people.” 5 — Афппйсьвпа, e КЛ. Ч.; •.VAVje *.4vIvS *.**%*4%.^A y.>>m УУУЖ4 у.«Щ .4vIwS .■гШ ш •уЛЩ уулШ 1 work ,n pairs. R.ad .he ppes»»”‘ »”« ans^, them. The USA of the twentieth century do yon ](n 1. What American presid where are American laws What are they ^ty American rivers? What Ire 3. Can you name any mign у ^ Where do they rise a almost every kind of erL^ty^’‘Ve°VrS£»y”n one o, Ашег.оа-е attractions? Scotland 1 What is the symbol of Scotland? 2. What city is the largest and busiest in Scotland? 3. What are the most interesting attractions? Scotland? 1. What Welsh cities can you name? 2. Will you call Wales an ag-ricultural or an industrial country. Why/ LET US READ Read the text and say what you think about American food and drink; if there are any fast food restaurants in the place where you live. AMERICAN FOOD AND DRINK (by Terry Tomsha) 0 68. What is “American” food? The answer is that it is part Italian, part British, part German, part Mexican, part Chinese. When people from other countries came to live in the US, they brought different cooking traditions. Some of them opened restaurants. Today Americans enjoy food from all oyer the world. Over the years some foreign dishes changed a little. Doughnuts^ were originally from Holland. But doughnuts with a hole in the middle are American. In 1847 a young American boy told his mother that doughnuts were never cooked in the mid- cooked them – and they we?e%e?y resSante le’J^ed foods”. The first fast food __________________^burgers, but now they serve other kinds of ‘ a doughnut [Уэипл!] – пончик vourseu —-yuu want.* “ J-”** oan help ^ Americans eat a lot, and when they go tn p * expect to be hungry afterwards. Most restaurantsdon’t food on your plate – sometimes it can be too Luch R t^ of finish it all, don t worry: they will gWe you У°^‘ oan’t pan take it home. ^ У”»^ ^ doggy bag” and you Most Americans now have a light brpptfQc^. • . tioifal eggs, bacon, toast orangeluice and cfffee St °t there is more time, and a large late breakfpcV ^ weekends (‘Vunch”) is often eaten with family or friends a) Say why you think: n American food is part Italian, part British r.a.-+ n 2) much famous food in America is “fast food”^ ^ German, etc.; 3) there are usually ‘“salad bars” inside fast food restaurants- 4) restaurant people bring “doggy bags” to those who Jp^u V- • u all the food on their plates; why “doggy bag^ +W ^ 5) Americans now have a light breakfast ^ ^ b) Say how American food and drink compares with Russian. ymm * * * 9 ■Шщ ■у>>Ш • • ♦ ♦ ллт ;.4v; $ * vw Express the same in English. 1- В воскресенье я буду готовить праздничный обед. 2. Вечером мы не будем смотреть телевизор, мы будем читать новую книгу. В семь часов мы будем встречать маму на вокзале. 4. Когда вы придёте, они не будут обедать, они будут ждать вас. 5. Завтра VW%V.‘. утром мы будем сажать цветы около школы. 6. Ученики fi са не будут писать диктант на следующем уроке английск ^ ка, они будут читать новые тексты, 7. Приходите на с этим писателем, он будет рассказывать о своих книгах вы будете делать завтра после обеда? 9. Они будут танцев * концерта? 10. В следующем году мой старший брат буд^^ французский язык. ^ ^Ить at 6 o’clock yesterday 1. I was watching the match on television. 2. Were you working when I phoned you? 3. Nick wasn’t typing his article. ▼ at 6 o’clock tomorrow 1 I will be watching the match on TV. 2. Will you be working when I come? 3. Nick won’t be typing his article. Choose the right item. 1 Tom (wasn’t/won’t be) using his bicycle this evening. You may take it. 2. Be quick! In five minutes granny (was/will be) telling us my favourite tale. 3. Ann looked so beautiful. She (was/will be) wearing a new blue dress. 4. What (will you be/were you) doing after the film? Can you take the dog for a walk? 5, She says probably she (was/will be) having a sea voyage in May next year. 6. (Will you be/Were you) reading when Nick phoned? Phrasal Verb to give 1. to give back — отдавать назад, возвращать It’s my school bag. Give it back. I have read all these books and I want to give them back. 2. to give out — раздавать Could you, please, give these exercise books out? Now I’d like to give you out some books. 3. to give away — отдавать, дарить She has given away all her best books. I don’t want to keep this money, I prefer to give it away. 4. to give up a) отказаться, бросить, перестать заниматься чем-то Ь) отказаться от мысли решить какую-то проблему (сдаться) Don’t give up hope. *° ®”’’ to n„d Guess what it means: I don’t know, I give up. What is it? give up the idea of doing something At last we gave up the idea of travelling in such had Why did you give up the idea of learning FrLch?^“ weather. out, Complete the sentences using the right word; back away, up- 1 Where is your collection of badges? — Oh, I’ve given it I’m not interested in badges anyinore. 2. My friend Liza said she would never give . singing. And I think she is right. 3. I want to ask Mike to give me . my bicycle: I d like to ride it after school. 4 Who can help me to give this food ? 5. Please don’t give . the idea of joining our basketball team. You are one of the best players I’ve ever met. 6. She always gives . old newspapers and magazines after she has read them. 7. Have you given the books . to the library • yet? 8. My father gave . skiing after he broke his leg. Express the same in English. 1. Мне можно раздать все эти тарелки и чашки? Помогите мне, • пожалуйста. 2. Никогда не расставайся с надеждой. 3.—Угадай, какой из двух городов — столица Австралии: Сидней или Канбер-ра (Sydney or Canberra)? — Не знаю. Я сдаюсь. Скажи мне. 4. За- : чем ты отдала этот журнал? Я ещё не читала его. 5. Я перестала : заниматься танцами (dancing), когда мне было десять лет. 6. Я не ; могу отказаться от мысли съездить в Лондон, чтобы увидеть этот ; город собственными глазами. 7. Катя вернула книгу рассказов, теперь ты можешь взять её. 8. Попробуй ещё раз, не сдавайся.. Ты можешь это сделать. а) Read and guess what the underlined words mean. 1. — Can you give me another name for a “car”? Of course I can., A car is the same as an automobile [‘о:1этэЫ:1]. ^ 2. In this climate we need greenhouses to grow tropic^ [trppikl] plants. 3. There are many beautiful places on the territojY [‘terotsn] of this country. , « . 4. Agriculture plays the leading [‘ltdii)] role in the economy о country. ^ 5. The orange, lemon and grapefruit are citrus [sitras] rui ‘•••vJvi • • •» • • « « • ••.•.vJv •-.’.vlv ■У.\Ш Ш 6. ice – icy: Icy winds blew from the north and brought winter wiu them. 7. general — generally: — Do you go to school by bus? — j erally walk. u . 4.1, + ^ 8. natural — naturally: I knew about the present they had ргепа^ л so, naturally, I wasn’t surprised. 9. near — nearly: Do you know how old he is now? He is yearly b) Look these words up and make sure you have guessed right. ^ .hpm uD and then study the word combina-Read the words, ^’’^^w^how to use them. Ш&:- fol fn)- the Northern Hemisphere, the Southern a hemisphere ^ Hemisphere, the Western Hemisphere. КЙьеЛ one^ of the earth. Russia is situated in the Northern Hemisphere. golden wheat. This bread is made wheat (.i:tl *’‘f /Jed Й’ Sle flour and other food. ueach tree, a peaeh flower, peach jam, pea.h a peach IPt® ьЛ„„е „opderful peaches for dinner. Peacha Trl i toouS * »“ »” fn)- an apricot tree, apricot juice. Apricots an apricot [ep J L Apricots grow in the south of this coun- S нйе you eC se^ricot trees in bloom? They look fan- tds^icl a pear [реэ] (n): a pear tree, a plate full of pears, a green pear, a sweet pear, half a pear. Pears are my favourite fruit. Would you like some pears for dessert? 1 . i? v a berry [Ъеп] (n): berry — berries; to pick up berries, a lot of berries, wild berries. Did you know that a tomato is a berry? There are very few berries in the forest this year: it s too dry. a swamp [swnmp] (n): a cold swamp, a swamp in the forest, a dangerous swamp. Long ago the whole country was forest and swamp. These berries grow in the swamp. A swamp is land which is full of or covered with water, swampy (adj): a swampy place. sand [saend] (n): yellow sand, warm sand, a sandcastie. The little children played in the sand. sandy (adj): a long sandy beach, sandy hair. The sandy beaches i the South of England are quite famous, vast [verst] (adj): a vast territory, a vast plain, a vast country. Something that is vast is very large. What is this vast country called? The vast plains stretch for hundreds of miles, humid [‘hjumid] (adj): a humid day, a humid climate, humid air, humid weather. — What’s the weather like today? — It’s hot and hu- in 0 „id The air is so humid here. Are humid? -^re summers in iw lonely [bunli] (adj)-. a lonely girl ^ i . Moscow very * the country. If you are lonelv *°nely tree я Inn i . alone or without friends. You^can’f ‘^”^appy ь bouse in except [ik’sept] rprep;: Everyone except «re „ -b- The family occupied a little Lnon”’ occupy the nn x occupied? Is the seat free? ® ^be beach b to inhabit [in’haebit] (v): to inhabit a ™ the forest. a country. Many birds 1пЬяКч inhabited/uninhabited: an uninhabited h inhabit an inhabited island an uninhabited cSf’ ’””Inbabited place ^ejeaat inhabited area. It h.ppenii ^1‘’;Й„’‘ГеТваГ“““. least ef alb No one listened, leas, a„ yyyli • v*v^ • *v;v Work Let к in pairs. Ask your friend which of these he/she likes better, him/her answer. Don’t forget to change over. Example; apples/pears — Which do you like better — apples or pears? — Pears, I think. They are my favourite, peaches/apricots; wild berries/garden berries; juice/mineral water; crowded beaches/lonely beaches; sandy beaches/rocky beaches; most difficult exercises/least difficult exercises; dry weather/humid weather most most populated most important most developed most discussed most mentioned least least populated least important least developed least discussed least mentioned .‘.V» •4VJv • ♦ ♦ w •V*%V5 .v*W *»%%%♦; •.\v>2 *.%vK • • * 4Г1Г • « Фw ••.v*v ♦ • ♦ Ф • • ♦ 4 4 ♦* ♦ ♦ 4 4V .%4vZv \%\\\* •‘.wZv .\v*vv .%v*w Х-Ш .•.vlw Make up true sentences with the word combinations above. Jnv.’-4C%v* .• 8C%v.*. 5«vn. wvv»’» 4v#v»*‘ 4v#v.‘. Лг# • ♦ • 5Cv*v. a berry humid a pear wheat i with then u^. very larg’e a fruit that looks like a bell plant from which flour is made a small soft fruit a Match the words with their definitions. a swamp an apricot to inhabit vast j a small — a hemisphere to populate I land filled or covered with water a round soft orange or yellow fruit like but smaller ^ Peaclj with a lot of water (about air and wpn+>.^ ч one half of the earth rather) Listen дгех- Boris: Alex: Boris: Alex: Boris: ,h, dialogue, ®70, read I. and ,Пе„ i, WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT AOSTRALiA^ ‘ Have you had a nice evening? «>». on TV, About the largest island in the world The largest island? Do you mean Au4tT=r о I do. Though Tm sure that AuotoufK Alex: , largest isiana: uo you mean Australia? A Though I’m sure that Australia is the biggest island V ow that many people think it’s a continent. I kTiow^^^^^ ^vhat I think: it’s the smallest enntineet on the ууА уМ •.%%v Wux:uv 1 one naiA ^Answer the questions using the words ^ 1. In what half of the earth is Australia situated? 9 WhHt fruit can be grown in warm climate/ 3. What is the climate like in South America near the Amazon River? 4. Where do cranberries’ usually grow/ 5. What fields look golden in August/ 6. How can you describe a tree standmg alone in the middle о 7. What is the name of the pinky-orange colour? 8. What do little children often build on the sea beach? «г* ♦ * • Boris: Alex: Boris: I know that many people think it’s a contir,»„A Ve.Jh.fs What . thiah: if, the еЖ„”Л„е„. And it is an independent country too I know that. What is its capital? Sydnev-? No. It’s Canberra, but Sydney is the largest city in the coun- Alex: Boris: try. Is English the official language? Yes, it is, though it is a bit different from i speak in the USA and Britain ^ language they let us reap unknown — unknown educated — uneducated populated — unpopulated cooked — uncooked covered — uncovered declared — undeclared spoken — unspoken comfortable — uncomfortable hospitable — inhospitable complete — incomplete dependent — independent formal — informaP definite — indefinite expressive — inexpressive ♦ ♦ • ^_________________________ m In the table above find the words which go together with these I’lv Example: dress/party — a formal/an informal dress/party —————————————1————————- address/city/writer/territory article/time/place child/student/population dinner/lunch/supper war/battle/decision story/sentence/fable/fairy tale artist/poet/architect house/castle / palace country/man/government/Press chair/shoes/coat/room ▼ Learn to read these proper names The Indian [‘indion] Ocean the Pacific [po’sifik] Ocean the Murray [‘тлп] River the Gibson [’gibsn] Desert Europeans [juaro’pranz] Australia [o’streilio] Antarctica [asn’ta’ktiko] Sydney [‘sidni] Canberra [‘каепЬэгэ] Melbourne fmelbon] Darwin [‘da’wrn] the Great Sandy Desert the Great Victoria [vik’to:no] Desert – – – the Southern Hemisphere the Australian [n’streilian] Capital Territory New Zealand [,nju: ‘zi;land] New South Wales Queensland [’kwLnzland] Brisbane [’brizban] Adelaide [’aedsleid] Western Australia Northern Territory Alice Springs Tasmania [isez’meinja] ./•VA? ■УАШ Read the text and say what new things about Australia you have learned from it. Which of the three titles is the best for it? i;^r^ * cranberry [‘krasnbsn] — клюква . j ^formal [Тэ:т1] — официальный, служебный, вечерний (об одежде)\ то [m’fo:m]] — повседневный, дружеский, неофициальный a) Australian Economy b) Australian Population c) The Geography of Australia K«v.* Ш ф • * ‘ Ф # Ф * WV* SAr 4 Ш • • • • Щ m i i i • • ♦ 4 vy vy .%v LET US LISTEN AND DISCUSS .%V a) Make sure that you know these words and word combinations: a funfair [’fAnfeo] — парк аттракционов eager [‘1:дэ] — желающий, стремящийся к чему-либо а ride [raid] — аттракцион а roller coaster [‘гэиЬ .kausta] — аттракцион «Американские горки» the sentences. .. 2. First Mr Ha^ family went to К тт ЬГ1( 5. Mr’Harrk ^ 7 Mrs Harris ^ after Ы Listen to the recorlng, ®73, • j ‘АлА in tflke her children to .. 1. Mr. Hams dmdrf 3 3.^^ ris . to 8®> territory of the park . park in . 4. me xernt у ^ ^ joyed the ’g’ mVs Harris was tired the children looked •••• « worse than a small child because . Pretend that you are talking to Mr Harris and ask him at leas, 5 questions about the funfair. Speak about the visit to the funfair on the part 1) Mr Harris; 2) Mrs Harris, 3) one of of: the children. Unit 21 Climate and Wildlife LET US REVIEW Say what you will be doing tomorrow at: 7 o’clock a. m. 4 o’clock p, m. 10 o’clock a. m. 7 o’clock p. m. in the afternoon 11 o’clock p. m. Think and say what your relatives will be doing when you come home from school. Example: When I come home from school, my little sister will be playing with her new doll. Look at the pictures and say what Mary’s relatives will be doing when she arrives at work. Example: When Mary arrives at work, her granny will be getting up. Granny son daughter husband 0 Mr Wilson is flying to Sydney, Australia. It’s a very lonq wav Sav what Mr Wilson will be doing during h^ fhght Example: the passengers occupy their seats/to read — When the passengers occupy their seats, Mr Wilson will be reading. 0 1. the plane takes off/to play a computer game 2. lunch is brought/to talk to the passenger next to him 3. the “no smoking” notice appears / to sleep 4. the video is turned on/to watch a film 5. the plane starts ianding/to look through the window Use the verbs in brackets (in Present Indefinitej Present Continuous, Future Indefinite or Future Continuous) to complete the sentences. (In some cases more than one tense is possible.) 1. Г11 phone you when I (to arrive) in Moscow. 2. Come at seven: we (to have) dinner and you (to be able) to join us. 3. What you (to do) when you (to arrive) at the hotel? 4. If mother (to come) home early, we (to go) to the cinema together. 5. You /fo see) us when we (to climb) that hill over there. 6. Who (to play) football tomorrow? 7. You (to look) at me when I (to dance) on the stage? 8. When you /to tell) me what I should do with these books? я Look at the pictures and name the fruits. Say which of them are citrus fruits. 3 4 . $!>%%• • * 8 Complete the sentences with the words from the box. In some sentences you can use more than one. when if before as soon as miriy 1. She won’t come to the party . you don’t invite her. 2. We’ll go on holiday . father comes back from his business trip. 3. . my brother comes home from school, we’ll be watching a new video film. 4. I always do my lessons . I go for a walk. 5. . spring comes, the snow starts melting and we see the first flowers and young grass. 6. It’s very difficult to survive in a foreign country . you don’t know its language. 7. People can’t be happy . they don’t learn to keep their environment clean and healthy. 8. . I saw him, I understood that he was in shock and unhappy. a) Make adjectives from these nouns. Say what they mean and use them in sentences of your own. Example: me — icy (ледяной, льдистый, покрытый льдом): Be careful, the roads are icy this morning, sand cloud — snow — swamp — grass — salt — rain sugar — mist — water — wind — 1 b) Find antonyms to these wordc your own. and use them in sentences of Example: hospitable — inhosnitabb- \kt that the people who met us werliEDHaW surprised inhabited — definite — inhospitable and unfriendly, occupied — covered — comfortable — dependent — populated — knwn —

Express the same in English. 1. Учитель спросил меня, кто няг>о1т,т^ -I страны. 2. Цитрусовые деревья обьтно этой огромной мате, верно? 3. Он хотел знать гд^ в Растут в тропическом кли- :■ ниду. 4. Это побережье известно св^ми пй” ®“ращивают пше- : 5. Из всех фруктов я люблю груши меньт^“’’^**“*1” пляжами, глоговорящие страны, кроме Британии и ГШд кие континенты расположены в ™ энаешь? 7. Ка- ведущие промышленные страны ты можешГназ“ать LE^U^READ А|\|р LEARIU who(rn^^^ (when^ оестоат«яьсгм »Р«М«Н11 Every morning Nick has lunch in the kitchen every morning. 1 2 3 4 i Ann borrowed some books – – from the library i 2 3 Nelly has been in London 1 2 3 We’ll be flying — – over the ocean yesterday. Mol*!* • ♦« • * Ш-:-; жоГ* • То!*.*. Ш: .. ..jnhf nrdGf to тэкб SOntGflCGS. Put the words in the right Put tne w environmental problems. 1. tod.y/tav. August. 2. has met/a lot of Australia. 3. Vhedges/huve 1990/was born. t IttraTt/tTeS/ara Falls/a lot of tourists/every summer II a) before the main verb подлежащее often usually always never sometimes generally seldom already ever just still both all also сказуемое Nellv often comes home late. She sometimes feels sad and unhappy They have just arrived. We all live in Moscow. They both know English. They don’t often go shopping. Have you both been to Italy? Isn’t still raining? Do you also ride home on a bike.’’ We have never seen dodos. b) after the verb “to be”; often sometimes still глагол “io be usually generally both подлежащее (am, is, are. always seldom all was, werey never ever already just also She is always on time. We were not usually late. Are they all so independent? Bill is also ill. Are they both doctors? Use the words from the box and put them in the right places. often usually sometimes always never ever still generally already just both all also 1- borrows books from the local library. 2. Are they well educated? 3. People in many countries live in poverty. 4. Real gen-tlemen stand up when a woman comes in. 5. Mary Drake is a congresswoman. 6. Have you seen skyscrapers? 7. Do they choose picturesque places for their picnics? 8. The climate here is humid. 9. You can t see big crowds of people on this lonely beach. 10. Are they fluent in English? FOCUS Phrasal Verb to make 1. to make up

a) сочинять, придумывать, b) гримировать, накладывать косметику Come here, children, and listen to my new story. I’ve just made it up. They made him up as an old man for the last act of the play, to make up one’s face — краситься to make up with somebody — помириться c кем-либо They kissed and made it up. _ 2, to make out — разобраться, понять (с трудом) I can’t make out what he is saying. 3. to make off — быстро уйти, убежать, сбежать Where is Jack? — He made off soon after dinner. Complete the sentences using the missing words: up, out, off, 1. She is a very strange girl, I can’t make her__2. The boy gave ; the letter to Sherlock Holmes and made . 3. I don’t like it when • young girls make themselves — 4. Do you know what wonderful ‘• poem Ted made . for Christmas? 5. Please make it . with your brother. You both look so unhappy. 6. I don’t believe you. You’ve : made it all . 7. Don’t make . I’ve got something to tell you. : 8. Let’s make him . as a pirate, dress him in a pirate costume and ; ask him to sing a loud pirate song. Express the same in English. 1. Мы очень скоро помирились и отправились гулять вместе. 2 Он всегда сам сочиняет песни, а потом сам исполняет их. 3. Ты ,;, не поможешь мне? Я не могу разобрать без очков, что здесь на-писано. 4. Она очень молода. Будет трудно загримировать ее под старуху. 5. Ты удрал так быстро, что я не смог попрощаться с то-бой. 6. Что он сказал? Я ничего не понял. а) Read and guess what the underlined word means. So do reptiles, up, you tell him/her They grew up in the Й* anim.l. that are now on ihe earth came from almitlve Ы word op to make sore ,oo have poessed right. ,1 innk them up and then study the word combina. Read the know how to use them, tions and . a >. an extraordinary life, an extraordi- extraordinary [Ik stradn И unusual is extraordin^ nary success. book I’ve ever read. This is the t. extremely well, extreinely important extremely [ikstn.mli] (a Л an extremely serious man’ extremely serious. He has У^^ towards £ s’hore^on^the top of a big wave standing or lying on a surfboard. lay^^the^ table: I always help mother to lay the tabb before dinner, ill Sgs! Do only birds lay eggs? – Not only. Яо Hn г.пЫо. to grow up (V): If you tell someone to grow to stop behaving in a silly or childish way. early days of television, grown-up (adj): grown-up children. a grown-up (n): The boys stood laughing while the grown-ups watched them. I saw a grown-up enter the room, to resemble [ri’zembl] (v): to resemble your father, to resemble a situation. Both you and your father resemble uncle Jack. Does the cottage resemble the place where you lived last summer? a bush [ЬиЛ (n): 1. a rose bush, a low bush. A bush is a low plant which is smaller than a tree. 2. the bush. The bush is the wild, uncultivated area of Australia. I went for a walk in the bush, bushy (adj): a bushy tail, bushy hair — very thick hair, to beat about the bush; Stop beating about the bush, tell me exactly what you want. curious [‘kjusnss] (adj): to be curious to know, a curious child, curious children. Someone who is curious is interested in things and wants to know more about them. Are you curious to know how that old clock works? graceful [‘greisfal] (adj): a graceful dancer, a graceful figure. Tigers are very graceful animals. I have never seen anybody who is as graceful as Margaret. to notice [’nautis] (v): to notice a man, to notice a change in somebody. Suddenly Ralph noticed that it was raining hard. Did you notice a fat man sitting at the front? a notice (n): In the hall there was a notice which said “Visitors welcome at any time.” 0 OP suitable [sjatsbl] (adj): suitable men, a suitable f\яi tn k« ■* ui for something. Do you think she is suitaSe fS^he^nh^q^^ flats are not suitable for large families Sue! to escape [I’skeip] (v): to escape from the police, to escane fron prison. Even if he can escape, where will he go? ^ * constant [knnstant] (adj)- constant success, constant pains a con tKto’ZcT’^'”‘ constanrpainfh Divide the words in three categories (N; V; Adi) and make uo vou, own sentences with them. (Some words can fit both categories Extraordinary, primitive, bush, bushy, graceful, notice, surf erov up, resemble, escape, suit, suitable, constant. Say: 1) what extraordinary things you know; 2) where people can surf; 3) who lays the table in your family; 4) which of your relatives you resemble; 5) what animals have bushy tails; 6) what people are called curti ous; 7) if it is good to be curious^l 8) what animals can be called, graceful; U 9) where people can escape from; 10) names of what bushes you know. Look at the pictures and say which clothes are suitable for school a picnic skiing a PE lesson a seaside holiday a formal party Match the to surf to notice to lay to resemble to escape to beat words in the two columns. the difference :Smething that you saw before on the waves eggs . „ from prison let us reap ^ (^74 and learn to read the names of •T Listen to tn. -ее?’-™ ® these animals and plant. Шо: kangaroo [.kaepga’ru:] – кенгуру duckbill [‘dAkbil] – утконос platypus [‘ptetipas] or a an emu [‘i:mju:] эму an echidna [I’kidna] or a spiny anteater [‘aent,i:t3] ехидна, или колючии муравьед а rat [raet] — крыса а koala [кэи’а;1э] — коала ап eucalyptus [juka’liptas] — эвкалипт а dingo [‘dipgau] — дикая собака динго а kookaburra [‘кикэ,Ьлгэ] (а laughing jackass) зимородок-хохотун ш а lyrebird [‘laiabaid] _ лирохвост а cockatoo [,квкэ’ш:] – какаду (аестралиискии попугаи)^ а buffalo [ЪлГэ1эи] – буйвол а rabbit [ raebit] — кролик т **л Ш» Read the text and complete It with the phrases n-I n„. S“” e«!ao?di’ a) shoot thousands of them b) about the size of a large dog c) swim and surf in the ocean d) lives in the water e) has a bushy tail f) emu and the kangaroo I THE MOST EXTRAORDINARY COUNTRY TO EXPLORE • • ••V Sometimes Australia is called “the upside down* world’’. Can you guess why? Because Australia lies in the Southern Hemisphere, where winter comes in July and summer begins in December. During the Christmas holidays people often sunbathe on the beach or Australia is the hottest place in the Southern Hemisphere. In July the usual temperatures are from 12° to 20° C. In January the temperatures are from 20° to 30° C above zero or higher. Most parts of Australia do not receive enough rain. Only one sixth of the continent — a belt of land along the north, east and south coasts — is comfortably humid. This narrow belt of land is the place where summers are warm and sunny and winters are mild. Most of the dry land is uninhabited, which explains Australia’s small population — about 23 million people (compare: the UK population is about 63 million people). I * upside down [,Apsaid ’daun] — перевёрнутый вверх тормашками Bsvlv.** mm Ж;; e Ш : ture of the Greek god Atlas holding un the wX « Pi«- People can make words by cuttinf ^ • ” When you say a mechanical person is я mh/f* p°°”es. :• a cut-down form of robotnik, which means • languages Nowadays people often say doc ^ instead of telephone; fridge

instead of refrig^aL^

You cut down long word combinations nr 1 them into short words by joining together the first make •; word. UNESCO» comes from the United Nations each ■ tific and Cultural Organization. MP stands for ment, USA-for the United States ofTmerIL ’’ : One of the most complete dictionaries of tv.s ’vr„i- u , Webster’s Third New InternatioZf mcUonarv^^^^ rooooo words. No person knows all of them^but m^t are able to understand about 35 000 words In fact about one-tenth of the words they understand ® ^ ^ Say “true”, “false” or “not stated”. 1. English has got a lot of borrowed words. 2. Some words came to English from Holland. 3. There are no Russian borrowings in English. 4. Sometimes names of people or places are used to make new words. 5. The word atlas came from Italy. 6. There are 550 words in Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, 7. People usually use about 3 500 words when they talk. 8. MP stands for “a member of Parliament”. 9. VIP stands for “a very important person”. LET US WRITE Express the same in English. a) 1. Я видела, как Анна накрывала на стол. 2. Мы наблюдали, как дети занимались серфингом. 3. Я хочу, чтобы ты нашла подходящее место на берегу. 4. Не ходи вокруг да около! Я ожидаю, что ты всё мне объяснишь. 5. Позволь мне посетить Австралию, папочка. ^ atlas [‘aetlas] — атлас ^ Slavic [‘s!a:vik] — славянский ^ UNESCO [ju:’nesk3u] — ЮНЕСКО, организация при ния, науки и культуры ООН по вопросам образова* Ш кк« iVWV* ♦ . т ш W » ту- т i b)l. несколько ядерных мы7агряТнГн7яГружающ^^^ среды будут обсуждаться на ко^ |еревд™^Мельбур^. 3. Члены королевской семьи бьш^ глашены посетить Россию снова. 4. Мама сказала, что стол будет накрыт вовремя. 5. Эта необитаемая земля редко посе-щается исследователями. Yesterday Mrs Nelson and her two sons, e go- ing to Sydney by bus. It was very noisy in the bus and the boys didn’t often hear what their mother was saying. AM the way they asked each other one and the same question. What did she say?” These are the things that Mrs Nelson said or asked. Report them. 1. “Did you hear anything of that mysterious Mr Hyde? 2. “Have you read May’s periodicals?” ^ 3. “Yesterday I received a lot of mail.” 4. “We shall go to the opera house in two days.” 5. “When did you send a telegram to your uncle Peter?” 6. “When we arrive in Sydney, we will take a taxi.” 7. “I am sure your granny will get over the pain in her leg.” 8. “Your cousin is nearly sixteen.” LET US LISTEIU AlUD DISCUSS know these words and word combinations: *. • ‘ Hо Tt- fmrxn rm ^___________ m V.- Ш:- don’t speak too soon — не торопись с выводами the Alps [aelps] — Альпы a rucksack [‘глкзэгк] — рюкзак b) Listen to the recording, ® 79, and say whose words they are: 1. Sitting on a chair for eight hours every day is not very good for your health.” 2. “The map is flat and the mountains are not.” 3. I am going to America in August.” 4. “Can I borrow your rucksack?” Answer the questions. suimme^^hoM 4*^ during his waXto Sow he visit one day? 4. What did Jack couldn’t walk frnm n p* How did Nick explain that Jack couldn t walk from one place to another in one day? TeU the story to your friends on Nick’ s part. SUMMING UP FOUR 1. What new things did you learn from Units 20—22? 2. Which topics did you find interesting and useful to discuss? What did you enjoy doing most of all? 3. What did you practise doing in English? Which of these are you good at? What are your weak 4. points? PROJECT WORK 3 1. work in small groups and prepare a presentation on the USA or Australia. Some of the interesting points may be the country’s- li svmhol-2) population; 3) geography; 4) famous person or рдер1е- 51 coital and big cities; 6) interesting fact or facts. ^ ^ 2. Present your material in class. Make your presentation as attractive as possible. Decide whose story was better than the others and why. Where can your get your information? Ask your teacher and parents and try: your home library your school library www.wikipedia.org WWW .britannika. com WWW. encyclopedia. ru iV*V.’ V* • • • •т*г* • vv% wM*. wn.*. wX*. 1 1 WA’. m •« « V*’ •V.-. ►A-:- a;v;* REFERENCE GRAMMAR ГЛАГОЛ (THE VERB) S 1. Глагол в английском языке обладает большим количеством форм, обозначающих грамматическую категорию времени. Глагольные формы указывают не только на то, когда происходит действие в прошлом, настоящем или будущем, но также свидетельствуют о некоторых особенностях протекания действия. Так, неопределённые времена (simple tenses) говорят о том, что мы имеем дело с обычным^ постоянно повторяющимся действием (We often play football in the schoolyard.). Эта же глагольная форма используется для описания законов природы., общеизвестных истин, бесспорных фактов. (In autumn days will be shorter than in summer.) Продолженные времена (progressive/contimious tenses), как правило, обозначают действия, протекающие в определённый момент или определённый период времени. (John is talking at the moment. Colin was not listening to me then.) Перфектные или совершенные времена (perfect tenses) описывают законченные, завершившиеся к моменту речи действия. (Tim has become а champion this season. I had lived there 3 years by 2000.) Кроме того, принято различать совершенные продолженные времена (perfect continuous tenses). Они описывают действия, которые длились определённое время в прошлом и продолжаются в момент речи. (She has been staying here for a week.) Таким образом, английский глагол может обладать следующими формами: 1) simple, 2) progressive/continuous, 3) perfect, 4) perfect continuous. Однако любое действие может протекать в настоящем, прошлом и будущем. Поэтому в целом классификация глагольных форм в активном залоге может быть представлена следующим образом: Настоящее Прошедшее Будущее present simple past simple future simple present progressive past progressive future progressive present perfect past perfect future perfect present perfect continuous past perfect continuous future perfect continuous с помощью простых формул, где буква V можно проследить, как образуются данные глагол. ; ^___________________________мапные глагольные формы Simple V/V-s Progressive to be (am/is/ are) -t- Ving Perfect have/has + V3 Perfect continuous have/has -b been -t- Ving V-ed to be (was/ were) + Ving had + V. had + been + Ving will/shall +V to be (shall be/ will be) + + Ving shall/will -f have + Vg shali/will + have + been + Ving Если посмотреть на вышеприведённые формулы внимательно мож- ‘ но вывести некоторые закономерности. Например, для образования ‘ буд^^их времен всегда используются вспомогательные глаголы shall и will.^a для образования продолженных времён — глагол to be в нужной форме и смысловой глагол с окончанием -ing, § 2. Яе менее важно понять, что глагольные формы отличаются : друг от друга. Например, различие между present progressive и past progressive (настоящим продолженным и прошедшим продолженным) заключается в форме глагола to be. Для настоящего времени —am, is, are; для прошедшего — was, were. Сравни: We are playing a new game now. We were playing a new game then. Первая из двух форм означает действие, протекающее в настоящий момент или настоящий период времени, вторая обозначает действие в какой-то момент в прошлом. § 3. The present perfect tense (настоящее совершенное время) бывает двух видов: present perfect resultative и present perfect durative. Present perfect resultative используется для обозначения действия, завершившегося в прошлом, но связанного с настоящим через результат. При этом говорящему не важно, когда происходило данное действие, важен лишь его результат и связь результата с настоящим. (I have lost my key. I can*t open the door. She hasn’t come home yet, we can’t begin.) В тексте на present perfect resultative указывают такие слова и словосочетания, как just, already, yet, never, ever, today, this month, this year, this morning и т. д. Время present perfect не используется, если в тексте есть указание на то, когда и где происходило действие. В этих случаях пользуются глагольной формой в past simple. i ж?;? Ш • • «Л. *. Present perfect durative, вторая КАГ*!*! Ш*х [НОГО Вр1^МС11У1у •— г, рое началось в прошлом и продолжается в момент речи, (I have had these gloves for two years.) Данная глагольная форма исполь-глаголами, которые в своём основном значении но ^ обозначения действия, котп. шейного времени, используется ^ момент печи п ЮСЬ ( glov Геют УоГолженТоГформы to have, to know. Очень чac^; Гнная глашльная форма встречается » гами since (с определённого времени) и ного времени). При этом на русский язык подобные предложения переводятся при помощи глагола в настоящем времени. John has been in Moscow since last Sunday. (Джон находится в Москве с прошлого воскресенья.) We have known truth for a long time. (Мы уже давно знаем правду.) Кроме рассмотренного выше случая, форма present perfect durative служит для описания действия, которое началось в прошлом, продолжалось какое-то время в прошлом и только что закончилось. (We have lived in this town for 5 years. (Мы прожили в этом городе 5 лет, но больше не живём.) § 4. По своему смыслу форма глагола в present perfect durative весьма близка к глагольной форме present perfect continuous. Однако present perfect durative подчёркивает законченность действия, а present perfect continuous — его продолжительность. Сравни: We have played 3 games this season. (B этом сезоне мы сыграли три игры.) We have been playing football since 4 o’clock. (Мы играем в футбол с четырёх часов.) Вопросительные предложения в форме present perfect continuous образуются с помощью изменения порядка слов в предложении и соответствующей вопросительной интонации. При этом вспомогательный глагол have или has выносится на первое место и ставится перед подлежащим: Has he really been doing lessons for an hour? В специальном вопросе предложение начинается с вопросительного слова или слов: How long have you been cooking? В отрицательных предложениях к вспомогательному глаголу добавляется отрицание not (пЧ): They haven4 been talking to each other for years. вспомогат№.^гп^ форм^а past perfect образуется c помощью гола; had + V -^^гола had и третьей формы смыслового гла- Му friend said he had seen the new film. Вопросительные предложения образуются с помттт^г^ порядка слов, при котором вспомогательный глаг^ перед подлежащим, а отрицательные предложения – с^ппмГ”‘®” прибавления к нему отрицания not (пЧ). ^ помощью Had the teacher answered your question? They hadn4 told us the truth. Past perfect часто используется в предложениях с предлогом bv (к какому-либо времени) и в предложениях с придаточнымГвое мени, вводимыми словами when, before, after, если речь ил&г о прошлом: MCI V I had done the work ^ evening. She had already told us the news when the working day began. Had they learned the words before the test? After we had read the book, we began to understand the material better. § 6. Грамматическое время future continuous служит для обозначения действия^ которое будет происходить в определённый момент будущего. Образуется future continuous с помощью вспомогательного глагола to be в будущем времени и причастия первого (ing-form) смыслового глагола; shall/will be + Ving: I think I will be shopping in the afternoon. We shall be finishing the work at five. Вопросительные предложения образуются путём изменения порядка слов, когда вспомогательный глагол will (shall) ставится перед подлежащим, а отрицательные — с помощью добавления к нему слова not — will/shall not или won4/shan4. Will your friend be staying at the hotel next week? I’m afraid I won4 be travelling with you. § 7. Страдательный залог (passive voice) — это такая глагольная форма, которая указывает на то, что действие производится над каким-либо предметом. Для образования форм страдательного залога используется глагол to be в нужной форме и причастие второе основного глагола. Общая формула страдательного залога вы глядит так: to be + V3. В этой формуле V3 остается всегда неизменяемой частью, а меняется только глагол to be. It is done. It was done. It will be done. It has been done. The house was built on the bank of a river. (Дом построили на берегу реки.) > •. I I I I 1 Ж:: KfX***». *»»»:■ >>I»> • • ■ v*% ♦ « • .vKv.*. ivtvX*. . i%v->>>: m « S Лля обоазования формы future indefinite passive использует-f« ™ to^ ь“уд?щем времени и третья форма смыслового глагола (participle II): shall/will be з» We shall be driven to school this morning. New stories will be told tomorrow. В вопросительных предложениях глагол will (shall) ставится перед подлежащим, в бавляется отрицание not — will not/shall no / han t. Shall I be given any help? When will the book be bought? The film won’t be shown tonight. § P. Глаголы в страдательном залоге часто сочетаются с модальными глаголами или их эквивалентами. При этом глагол to be после модальных глаголов используется без частицы to и не изменяется по лицам и числам. must (not) -I- be + V3 can (not) Ч- be + V3 may (not) + be + V3 should (not) + be + Vg ought (not) 4- be + Vg have/has to/(don’t/doesn’t have to) + 4* be 4- Vq Ш Ш These exercises must be done today. В вопросительных предложениях модальные глаголы ставятся перед подлежащим, в отрицательных предложениях к ним прибавляется отрицание not: Сап the work be finished later? These vegetables shouldn’t be boiled. § 10. Модальный глагол must имеет в качестве эквивалента структуру have/has to (do something), другими словами, они имеют приблизительно одинаковое значение. Сравни: I must help my little sister. I have to help my little sister. Sue has to work hard. Важно заметить, что вопросительные и отрицательные предложения с nave to строятся с помощью вспомогательного глагола do/does. Does Sue have to work? Sue doesn’t have to work hard. В современном английском языке структура have ffot/has ^ot to do something имеет то же значение, чтГи hre/has to Sam has got to do a lot of shopping. :-X В вопросительных предложениях в этом случяр rттaт,r^ и ^ ставится перед подлежащим, а в отрицательно^ have/has нему добавляется отрицание not (пЧ). ^ предложениях к .-У. Have the children got to get up early? iv My brother hasn4 got to learn English. Структуры have to и have got to означают необходимость сделать что-то в связи с определенными обстоятельствами, как п^ло не зависящими от человека, который должен выполнить действие х: §П. В англшйском языке различают два вида причастий — •> Participle I №ичастцс первое) и Participle II <Причастие вто-рое). Participle I образуется с помощью прибавления окончания ^ -ing к основе глагола, а Participle II представляет собой третью форму глагола. У правильных глаголов она образуется с помощью окончания -ed, а у неправильных глаголов — это одна из форм •* которую следует запомнить. Participle II несёт в себе значение пас- ■* сивности (страдательности) и завершённости действия. Сравни: falling snow — падающий снег fallen leaves — опавшие листья :• boiling water кипящая вода boiled water — кипячёная вода Оба причастия могут использоваться в предложении в качестве !■! определения: Which is the winning team? ■; We looked at the gathering clouds. We were surprised to see the opened windows of the old house. ■; I thought about my lost papers. §12. Конструкция complex object <сложное дополнение). Данная конструкция состоит из имени существительного в общем падеже или местоимения в объектном падеже (те, him, her, them, you, it) и глагола в неопределённой форме (с частицей to или без неё) или причастия первого. I want Jim (him) to help me. (Я хочу, чтобы Джим мне помог.) Don saw the children (them) playing in the yard. (Дон видел, ; как дети играли во дворе.) Who сап таке them go away? (Кто может заставить их уйти?) Complex object употребляется после трёх групп глаголов. 1) Первая группа включает такие глаголы, как to tell, to ask, to want, to expect, структуру would like, после которых в кон^рук ции сложного дополнения используется неопределенная форма глагола с частицей to. •S >1-в ^ I ■ I I К: Ж %ж5С*л*«*** i®iKKK*y. шчш > • • Jane asks them to come later. We’d like you to play with us. Nobody expected me to come on time. a b™p., .p.™, – – “ГрГяТ/-“.о«гТо rs.‘r:-o£- ЗояГбея яасиць. . л„6. частие первое. Everyone saw the car stop. (Все видели, что машина останови-лГь.Тста„овплась-глагол совершенного вида.) I heard the children (them) singing their favourite srag. (Я слышал, как дети пели свою любимую песню. Пели глагол не-совершенного вида.) 3) Третья группа глаголов включает глаголы to let и to make, после которых в конструкции complex object используется неопределённая форма глаголов без частицы to. Our teacher makes us learn English words. My mum let them stay with us. Однако в пассивных структурах с глаголом таке частица to всегда используется, а глагол to let в страдательном залоге не используется совсем. Вместо него употребляют глагол to allow. They were made to stop fighting. My brother was allowed to choose a new pet. § 13. Reported/indirect speech <косвенная речь) передаёт содержание того, что было кем-то сказано. При переводе предложений из прямой речи в косвенную соблюдаются определённые правила согласования времён. Например, если в главном предложении используется прошедшее время, то в придаточном настоящее время также меняется на прошедшее, а будущее — на будущее в прошедшем. We knew that Kate was right. They thought that the train had arrived. Everyone believed that the story would have a happy ending. Однако в двух случаях правило согласования времён в языке не соблюдается. речь идёт об общеизвестных истинах или фактах. ЧпгпрЬ^н'!. earth moves around the sun? oomebody told me that penguins don’t fly. Evervone иного события, in space on 12 Арги! 196L adj — adjective — прилагательное adv — adverb — наречие conj — conjunction — союз n — noun — существительное pi — plural — множественное число abbey [’aebi] аббатство above [э'Ьлу] prep над above zero выше нуля accent 5 [’seksant] акцент accept [ak'sept] принимать to accept the invitation принимать приглашение according [a'koidio] prep согласно, соответственно accident ['aeksident] происшествие, несчастный случай across [a'kros] 1. adv через 2. prep через act 10 [sekt] действовать action [’aekjn] действие activity [ak'tiviti] деятельность, активность add [asd] добавлять, прибавлять admire 8 [od'maia] восхищаться advice [ad'vais] совет advise [adVaiz] советовать afraid [a'freid] испуганный to be afraid of sb/sth бояться ко-го-то/чего-то Africa ['asfrika] Африка African [sefnkan] африканский after ['aifto] после, потом agree [o'gri:] соглашаться agricultural 14 [,аедп'клиХэгэ1] сельскохозяйственный agriculture 14 ['эедп.клк/э] сельское хозяйство airmail ['esmeil] авиапочта Alaska [a'laesks] Аляска alien ['eiljion] чужестранец, иноземец; инопланетянин prep - preposition

— something verb — глагол all [d:1] pron весь ‘=’■•4 e «MOM allow [э lau] позволять to be allowed to do sth получит разрешение сделать что-л. j already [o:l‘redi] уже If amendment 17 [a’mendmant] поправк (к конституции) America [э’тепкэ] Америка Central America Центральная Ам . –

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