The Perks and Trials of Working (Trading) for Yourself

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Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками

1. Different prices for a trip
2. Natural conditions and engineering decisions
3. Facing underground horrors
4. Effective in spite of lots of passengers
5. Special safety rules
6.Everything for passengers’ comfort
7.The underground art gallery
8. The most expensive transport system

A.
The St. Petersburg Metro has been open since 1955 and carries almost 2.5 million passengers daily. Because of the river Neva and the city’s interesting relief, the Metro is one of the deepest subway systems in the world. The system’s deepest station, Admiralteyskaya, is 105 meters below ground because it is situated under the river.

B.
The London Underground is the world’s oldest underground system. It has lots of dark tunnels and passages where you can get lost. They say that some stations are visited by ghosts. On the Piccadilly Line there appears a man dressed in an evening suit. Some staff members have refused to work at the station because of him. They’re just too afraid.

C.
In Paris no building is more than 500 meters away from a subway station. In the past the Paris metro offered a choice between 1st and 2nd class tickets. A 1st class ticket was more expensive. There were no other differences between the two classes. The result was that the first class trains were just less crowded. The difference existed till 1991.

D.
The Tokyo underground system is extremely clean and unusually modern. It’s also very punctual: trains are always on time. At rush hour the metro is always overcrowded. The Tokyo subway has about 8.7 million passengers every day. The carriages are always packed. There are even special platform assistants who push people inside so that the doors can close.

E.
The Metro in Washington DC has its own police. At each station police officers patrol to see if there is any trouble or danger around. Eating, drinking and smoking is not permitted in trains or stations. Anyone who enters the underground may be asked to open their bags for inspection. All this is done to protect the passengers as the metro is usually quite crowded.

F.
The Stockholm Metro is one of the most picturesque underground systems in the world. Artists, painters and sculptors have turned 90 subways into displays of their art. As a result the subways are decorated with pictures, frescos, and graffiti. For example, at one station there’s a whole wall showing the history of different human civilizations.

G.
The Dubai Metro is a well-planned automatic metro system in the United Arab Emirates. All trains and stations have air conditioning and are extremely clean. Every station has links with bus stops, taxi stands and places to lock bicycles. What’s more, stations are like mini shopping centres, because there are food shops, travel offices, and even banks there.

Top 4 Things Successful Forex Traders Do

There is no single formula for success for trading in the financial markets. Think of the markets as being like the ocean and the trader as a surfer. Surfing requires talent, balance, patience, proper equipment, and mindfulness of your surroundings. Would you go into water that had dangerous rip tides or was shark-infested? Hopefully not. (See also “The 3 Most Timeless Investment Principles.”)

The attitude to trading in the Forex markets is no different. By blending good analysis with effective implementation, your success rate will improve dramatically, and, like many skill sets, good trading comes from a combination of talent and hard work. Here are the four strategies to serve you well in all markets, but in this article, we will focus on the Forex markets.

Approaching Forex Trading

Before you trade, recognize the value of proper preparation. It’s important to align your personal goals and temperament with relatable instruments and markets. For example, if you understand retail markets, then it makes sense to trade retail stocks rather than oil futures, about which you may know nothing. It also helps to begin by assessing the following three components:

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Given its low commissions and fees, the Forex market is very accessible to individual investors. However, before you trade, make sure you have a solid understanding of what the Forex market is and the smart ways to navigate it. Learn the basics and see real-time examples of the approaches and strategies detailed in Investopedia Academy’s Forex Trading for Beginners course.

Time Frame

The time frame indicates the type of trading that is appropriate for your temperament. Trading off a five-minute chart suggests that you are more comfortable taking a position without exposure to overnight risk. On the other hand, choosing weekly charts indicates comfort with overnight risk and a willingness to see some days go contrary to your position.

In addition, decide if you have the time and willingness to sit in front of a screen all day or if you prefer to do your research over the weekend and then make a trading decision for the week ahead based on your analysis. Remember that the opportunity to make substantial money in the Forex markets requires time. Short-term scalping, by definition, means small profits or losses. In this case, you will have to trade more frequently.

Methodology

Once you choose a time frame, find a consistent methodology. For example, some traders like to buy support and sell resistance. Others prefer buying or selling breakouts. Some like to trade using indicators, such as MACD (moving average convergence divergence) and crossovers.

Once you choose a system or methodology, test it to see if it works on a consistent basis and provides an edge. If your system is reliable more than 50% of the time, you should consider that an edge, even if it’s a small one. Test a few strategies, and when you find one that delivers a consistently positive outcome, stay with it and test it with a variety of instruments and various time frames.

Market (Instrument)

You will find that certain instruments trade much more orderly than others. Erratic trading instruments make it difficult to produce a winning system. Therefore, it is necessary to test your system on multiple instruments to determine that your system’s “personality” matches with the instrument being traded. For example, if you were trading the USD/JPY currency pair in the Forex market, you may find that Fibonacci support and resistance levels are more reliable.

Вариант 30

Раздел 1. Аудирование

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A—F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1—7. Используйте каждую букву, обозначающую утверждение, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в поле справа.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

1. Having fun every day lowers stress.

2. Regular exercises reduce stress.

3. Creative activities change your attitudes.

4. Morning walks help to be healthy.

5. Listening to music can be helpful.

6. The best strategy is to concentrate on one thing at a time.

7. Planning a day can help to fight pressure.

Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений A—G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Вы услышите запись дважды.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

A. A new fitness club will open next week.

B. The fitness club is well equipped.

C. All the machines help to lose weight.

D. Ted is afraid because he can break the machines.

E. The guidance on the equipment usage is exciting.

F. There is only one class in the gym.

G. There are too many people in the fitness club.

В заданиях 3—9 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Нажмите , чтобы прослушать запись

Which of the following is TRUE about Mark’s experience?

1) He never knows if the song will be a success.

2) He always feels the right choice.

3) He sometimes asks for advice.

Mark has achieved success as

1) a song writer.

What is Mark’s main job?

1) To produce his own records.

2) To produce records for other singers.

3) To find new singers.

Which of the following characterizes a good producer?

1) He should be able to make musicians do their best.

2) He should be able to get artists’ respect and attention.

3) He should make artists play the guitar or the violin.

What method is the best one for getting the best performance?

1) He hears their songs for a lot of times.

2) He needs superpower.

3) He finds artists’ bright feature.

Why isn’t Mark afraid of criticizing artists?

1) Because they hired him themselves.

2) Because he is brave.

3) Because he has a bad temper.

How old will Mark be soon?

Раздел 2. Чтение

1. A totally unnecessary source

2. Let yourself enjoy tasty things

3. A drastic mistake

4. The ideal protein intake

5. Start cooking, stop taking out

6. What is a calorie?

7. Portion sizes matter

8. Think about food before eating

A. In the scientific sense, a calorie is the unit of energy needed to raise 1 gram of water 1 degree Celsius. When you think of calories, think of them like that: as energy, the stuff that keeps you going. It is necessary to find the balance, but you’re going to have a lot of problems trying to run on empty. Calories come from three main macronutrients: protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Everything you eat is some combinations of them. They all have uses in the body in appropriate amounts.

B. The macronutrients all have complex sets of jobs in the body. Carbohydrates are a source of energy, and that’s pretty accurate. They’ve gotten a bad reputation in the last few decades, but your brain lives on sugar. You also may have read recently that sugar is addictive. A 2020 study from the University of Edinburgh found that people could show addictive behaviour around eating, but that sugar itself did not promote addictive behavior. So enjoy carbohydrates in the right amount for your activity level.

C. Most people overeat added sugars, for example, you can find them in sweets or yougurt. It isn’t an ingredient that any of us need very much of — in fact, we don’t need it at all. The recommended sugar guidelines are no more than 6 teaspoons of added sugar a day for women or 9 teaspoons for men. But a recent study from the Manchester Research Centre found that Americans average 22.9 teaspoons of added sugar a day! We also know that excess added sugar consumption has been implicated as a risk factor for heart disease.

D. When I was in nutrition school, we all learned the same thing: protein requirements are 0.8 to 1 gram per kilogram of bodyweight for healthy people. What we didn’t learn is that these numbers are the minimum protein requirements for healthy people. For active people, 2 grams per kilogram of bodyweight per day appears to be ideal. So if you’re working out regularly and are healthy, you may want to check that you’re eating enough protein.

E. Weight is very individual, so what applies to me may not apply to you. However, I find that when I gain weight, it’s because of two things: I’m eating too much sugar, and I’m picking at everything in sight. If you’re trying to maintain or lose weight, cutting back on the mindless eating can help. Concentrate on what you’re eating. It helps you tune into your body’s hunger and satiety cues, so you’re not eating too little or too much.

F. Eating healthier is work. But putting in the effort to cook for yourself is so worth it, especially in the long-term. Cooking for yourself means you’re taking control of what you put into your body, and that’s a good thing. As for me, I’ve started by grocery shopping on a weekend and preparing one or two proteins and two to three vegetables for the week ahead. This way, I’ve been ready for meals, and not scrambling for the takeout menus at the end of the day on my way home from work.

G. Trigger foods are the ones that make you lose all control once you start eating them. One option is to avoid keeping your trigger foods in the house, but buying them when you feel like it. If you don’t have a constant wish of your favourite chocolate bars, you can’t grab one to distract you when you’re bored. It’s normal to struggle a bit with moderation around trigger foods, and it’s also normal to go overboard sometimes.

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке лишняя.

1. where signatures are conveyed digitally

2. when it comes to writing

3. about a dozen more are debating the issue

4. how handwriting makes them a better reader and writer

5. who also have won state titles in the contest

6. or won’t be able to read original documents written in cursive

7. and continues through eighth grade

St Anne’s Academy is a little old-fashioned. The teachers are nuns in habits who write on blackboards with chalk. The Mass is all in Latin. And the writing is in cursive. At St Anne’s, cursive instruction starts in second grade A______________________. Homework has to be done in cursive, and neatness counts. That’s probably why the little elementary and high school, with a total of 48 students, produces cursive champions such as Jack Lieberherr. Jack, a 15-year-old from North St Paul, was recently named the 2020 grand national champion for eighth-graders in the National Handwriting Contest. Writing, it seems, runs in Jack’s family. Jack also won the national championship as a sixth-grader and has several state handwriting titles as well. He has a brother and two sisters В__________

Careful cursive is quickly disappearing in an age C ___________________________. Nowadays handwritten letters are a rarity and communication is dominated by keyboards, texting and touch screens. But the teachers at St Anne’s are old-school D_____________________________. And for good reasons, they say that it shows education. Cursive advocates worry that we’re raising a generation of young adults who won’t know how to sign their own names E__________________________. Four years ago, the Campaign for Cursive, a committee of the American Handwriting Analysis Foundation, started a Cursive Is Cool contest. The contest requires the students to write “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog” (which contains all the letters in the alphabet). Students then add a few sentences in their own words about F_____________________________. The national winners are selected based on things such as size, shape, spacing and slant of the letters.

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12—18, обводя цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Most of us would confess to have a soft -spot for these charismatic birds. Penguins spread across our daily lives, featuring on items such as biscuit wrappers and book covers through to Christmas and birthday cards, as well as starring in animations on cinema and television screens. We focus on their comedic waddle, their flightless vulnerability, their enduring parental care in the frozen tundra. Who could fail to care for these birds?

But for those still unsure of a penguin’s charm, there is one woman in particular who could change their minds. Her name is Dyan deNapoli, whose infectious passion for protecting penguins has earned her the moniker, ‘The Penguin Lady’. She is a penguin expert and educator. Dyan is on a mission to raise awareness and help to save these very special and endangered birds. And it all began after being surrounded by penguins at Boston’s New England Aquarium, when she became smitten and captivated by their antics.

But it requires a lot of dedication — saving penguins is rewarding and stressful in equal measure. Chicks need feeding every few hours with freshly the affected area, where she worked as a supervisor and bird rehabilitation manager on this historic team. Together they relocated 19,500 birds before they became oiled, and cleaned and nursed back to health 91% of the 20,000 birds that were actually affected by the oil.

What idea is expressed in the first paragraph?

1) Penguins are considered as a symbol of holidays.

2) Penguins are known as unusual birds.

3) People’s attitude towards penguins is not serious.

4) People’s attitude towards penguins is beneficial.

Why is Dyan named as The Penguin Lady?

1) Because she was surrounded by penguins in the aquarium.

2) Because she has organized special park for penguins.

3) Because she is an activist who tries to save these birds.

4) Because she sells penguins and earns a lot of money.

How does the author characterize Dyan’s activity?

1) Her work is satisfying but nerve-racking

2) Her work is complicated but profitable.

3) Her work is responsible but interesting.

4) Her work is important but dangerous.

How does the author explain that penguins are affected greatly by external factors?

1) Only because they cannot fly.

2) Only because they are characterized by special features.

3) Only because they are important for the environment.

4) Only because it takes them a lot of time to raise chicks.

Why did Dyan become determined to save these birds?

1) Because of their loveable nature.

2) Because of their good looks.

3) Because of their conservation status.

4) Because of the places they live.

Which of the following is NOT TRUE about the risks the populations of penguins face?

1) Rocky shores where they have to live.

2) The polluted environment.

3) The food shortage.

4) The appearance of new predators.

How did Dyan take part in the international rescue mission?

1) She helped volunteers.

2) She collected the oil.

3) She wrote about the devastating impact of oiling.

4) She cleaned and nursed the birds back to health.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные жирными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 19—25, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Перенесите полученный ответ в соответствующее поле справа. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 19 — 25. Ответ пишите без пробелов и иных знаков.

ONE A few weeks ago, while I was working, someone stole my bike. My__________reaction after I saw that my bike was gone was to go on the hunt.

REGISTER But it was pointless. I_________the bike online years ago with a detailed description and serial number on Bike Index and I used this to file a police report.

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